Industrial revolution

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Industrial revolution

  1. 1. Review President James Monroe
  2. 2. <ul><li>AMERICAN SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>HENRY CLAY’S PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>1. Establish protective tariff </li></ul><ul><li>2. Establish national bank </li></ul><ul><li>3. Improve country’s transportation system </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sectionalism – loyal to your own section of the country rather than the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Will Missouri be added as a free or slave state? </li></ul><ul><li>What about Maine? </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay’s compromise – above 36 º 30 ΄ will be free except Missouri </li></ul><ul><li>Maine will be admitted as a free state </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>issued by James Monroe </li></ul><ul><li>1) US would not interfere in European affairs </li></ul><ul><li>2) Western Hemisphere was closed to Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  6. 6. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the war of 1812, the economy was almost transformed and grew rapidly. The need for improved transportation and communication, technological innovation, the rise of the factory system, coupled with mass immigration, transformed the United States into a Industrial Leader. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Factory system </li></ul><ul><li>Lowell, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>textile mills </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeable parts – 1798 </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><li>1) made repairs easy </li></ul><ul><li>2) speed up production </li></ul><ul><li>3) allowed the use of lower-paid, less skilled workers </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>INVENTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Fulton – steamboat </li></ul><ul><li>Clermont 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel F.B. Morse – telegraph 1837, transmitting signals over a wire </li></ul><ul><li>John Deere – steel plow 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>Cyrus McCormick – reaper 1831, harvester </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney – cotton gin 1793- separates fiber from seeds </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Cotton gin changed Southern life </li></ul><ul><li>1) move westward </li></ul><ul><li>2) more cotton was raised </li></ul><ul><li>3) Indians moved off their lands </li></ul><ul><li>4) demand for slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Nat Turner’s slave rebellion </li></ul>
  10. 10. Inventions continued <ul><li>James Watt – Steam Engine 1769 </li></ul><ul><li>John Fitch - Steam Boat 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Cooper – The Tom Thumb 1830 – 1 st Am. Steam locomotive </li></ul><ul><li>James Hargreaves – Spinning Jenny 1764- made thread </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inventions continued <ul><li>Richard Trevithick – Locomotive 1803 – high pressure steam </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Slater – Water Power textile mill 1790 </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Bessemer – 1855 mass production of steel </li></ul>
  12. 12. Inventions Cont. <ul><li>National Road – 1839 comp. 1 st highway built by fed.govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads – 1764 </li></ul><ul><li>Elias Howe - Sewing Machine 1845, used 2 diff. thread sources </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>National Road – east-west </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun – S. Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Canal system </li></ul><ul><li>Erie Canal – connected Great Lakes to east </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS </li></ul><ul><li>James Monroe </li></ul><ul><li>COURT CASES </li></ul><ul><li>McCulloch v. Maryland – upheld federal authority over states </li></ul><ul><li>Gibbons v. Ogden – federal gov’t regulates interstate commerce </li></ul>

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