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1.0Natural disasters


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1.0Natural disasters

  1. 1. KDU University College<br />Hot Cat Tour<br />
  2. 2. Children’s Tears<br />More than a quarter of million people were killed by the natural disasters in the past 10 years. Who’re the most innocent victims in these cases? CHILDREN!!! As a result of natural disasters, children are crying because they’ve lost their homes. They can’t even have the opportunity to see the world.How about the next generation?<br />
  3. 3. Natural Disasters of <br />the last century<br />1918-Spanish Flu Pandemic<br />1960-San Francisco Earthquake burn<br />1980-Mount St’ Helens Eruption<br />1974-Super Tornado Outbreak<br />1910-The big burn<br />1993-Storm of last century<br />2005-Hurricane Katrina<br />2008-China Earthquake<br />2011-Japan earthquake<br />
  4. 4. China earthquake <br />kills thousands!!!<br />The death toll from the most deadly earthquake to hit China in more than three decades today reached nearly 10,000 in Sichuan province alone, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported. Worst hit was Sichuan province's Beichuan county, where a further 10,000 were feared injured and 80% of the buildings were flattened, including eight schools and one hospital. There are a lot of people living in marginal areas that are difficult to get to and a lot of the buildings in those areas are substandard and could collapse very quickly. The quake is the worst to hit China in 32 years since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake in north-eastern China which claimed up to 300,000 lives.<br />
  5. 5. rescuers try to save trapped students at the collapsed Juyuan Middle School in Juyuan Township of Dujiangyan City, about 100 kilometers from the epicenter in Wenchuan county of southwest China’s Sichuan Province, on May 12, 2008.<br />Traffic jams, no running water, power outs, everyone sitting in the streets, patients evacuated from hospitals sitting outside and waiting<br />an underground water pipe ruptured near the city’s southern railway station, flooding a main thoroughfare<br />buildings with cracks in their walls but no collapses<br />
  6. 6. Japan's most <br />powerful earthquake <br />
  7. 7. PEOPLE IN DANGER!<br />Cars, ships and buildings were swept away by a wall of water after the 8.9-magnitude tremor, which struck about 400km (250 miles) north-east of Tokyo. Officials say 350 people are dead and about 500 missing, but it is feared the final death toll will be much higher. n one ward alone in Sendai, a port city in Miyagi prefecture, 200 to 300 bodies were found. The quake was the fifth-largest in the world since 1900 and nearly 8,000 times stronger than the one which devastated Christchurch, New Zealand, last month, said scientists. apanese nuclear officials said pressure inside a boiling water reactor at the plant was running much higher than normal after the cooling system failed. fficials said they might need to deliberately release some radioactive steam to relieve pressure, but that there would be no health risk<br />
  8. 8. Scenes From the Japan<br /> Earthquake and Tsunami<br />
  9. 9. Ways to Protect the Earth<br />
  10. 10. Planting trees is an easy and effective way to beautify your property, provide shade in summer and wind protection in winter and enhance privacy all while increasing real estate values at the same time. Since a tree is such a visible part of the landscape care must be taken to ensure proper growth conditions are maintained. A tree is far more difficult - and expensive - to replace, once mature in the landscape, than most shrubs. However, with some advance planning, trees too can be easily maintained.<br />Plant a tree<br />
  11. 11. Sustainability. To ensure availability for future generations, the withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem should not exceed its natural replacement rate.<br />Energy conservation. Water pumping, delivery, and wastewater treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy. In some regions of the world (for example, California) over 15% of total electricity consumption is devoted to water management.<br />Habitat conservation. Minimizing human water use helps to preserve fresh water habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, as well as reducing the need to build new dams and other water diversion infrastructure.<br />Conserve Water<br />
  12. 12. Protect Wildlife<br />The Endangered Species Act is very important, because it saves our native fish, plants and wildlife from going extinct. Once they are gone, they are gone forever and there is no going back. Losing even a single species can have disastrous impacts on the rest of the ecosystem, because the effects will be felt throughout the food chain.<br />From providing cures to deadly diseases to maintaining natural ecosystems and improving overall quality of life, the benefits of preserving threatened and endangered species are invaluable.<br />
  13. 13. Renewable Energy<br />Renewable energy sources including biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar provide 8% of the energy used in the United States. Most renewable energy goes to producing electricity.<br />
  14. 14. Recycle<br />processing used materials (waste) into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy.<br />
  15. 15. Organic Food<br />those that are produced using environmentally sound methods that do not involve modern synthetic inputs such as pesticides and chemical fertilizers, do not contain genetically modified organisms, and are not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents, or chemical food additives<br />
  16. 16. Minimize the use refrigerators, foam blowers, solvents, aerosol spray propellants, fire extinguishers, and chemical reagents for these contains chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) that are responsible to the climate change and depletion of our precious ozone layer. Do not burn plastic please this habit is also harmful to our ozone layer.<br />
  17. 17. Educate our children, friends and even our local community about the harmful effects of dynamite fishing, illegal logging, animal poaching, over reliance to wood products and other environmental issues.<br />Learn how to appreciate nature and her gifts to mankind and support any environmental campaigns that will help nurture and protect the only planet we live in.<br />
  18. 18. Use public transportation<br />Using Public transportation can result in a reduction of an individual’s carbon footprint. Using public transportation saves CO2 emissions in more ways than simply travel as public transportation can help to alleviate traffic congestion as well as promote more efficient land use. <br />
  19. 19. Carpool<br />Carpooling reduces the costs involved in car travel by sharing journey expenses such as fuel, tolls, and car rental between the people travelling. Carpooling is also seen as a more environmentally friendly and sustainable way to travel as sharing journeys reduces carbon emissions, traffic on the roads, and the need for parking spaces. Authorities often encourage carpooling, especially during high pollution periods and after fuel rises.<br />
  20. 20. Be responsible with your garbage, dispose them properly. Also try to use segregation scheme with your trashes, separate those decomposable from those that are not. You may utilize a compost pit to house all of your organic trashes and eventually use this as your fertilizer for your backyard garden or to your plants.<br />Do the traditional way of helping to conserve our environment by virtue of avoiding smoke-belching, saving electrical energy by employing tips (like regular cleaning of our bulb and fluorescent light in our home, use only appliances when needed, avoiding dripping of water from our faucets, and reporting any case of broken water pipelines to local government).<br />