READY RECKONER
OF NUTRITION
CONTENTS:
1.DEFINITION OF NUTRITION
2.TYPES OF NUTRIENTS
3.ESSENTIAL MINERALS
4.ESSENTIAL VITA...
NUTRITION
The study of nutrients in food, how
the body uses nutrients, and the relationship
between diet, health and disea...
TYPES OF NUTRIENTS
MACRO-NUTRIENTS
 CARBOHY-
DRATES
4 K.CAL/GRAM
MUST IMPOR-
TANT SOUR-
CEOF ENERGY.
 PROTEINS
4 K.CAL/G...
TYPES OF MINERALS WHAT IT DOES? DEFICIENCY EXCESS EXCESS
POTASSIUM REGULATES ATP WITH SODIUM HYPOKALEMIA
can profoundly af...
VITAMIN CHEMICAL NAME DEFICIENCY DIS-
EASES
PRESENT IN
A
RETINOL NIGHT BLIND-
NESS,XEROPTHALMIA,
RUPTURE OF CORNEA,
SCALE ...
AGE AND
GRADE OF
WORK
CALORIES PROTIENS IRON CALCIUM
0-6 MONTHS 120 2.3-1.8
5-10 0.5-0.67-12MONTHS 110 1.8-1.8
1-3 YEARS 1...
DONE BY :
NAME OF THE SCHOOL:KOTWAL’S SCHOOL
NAME OF THE PARTICIPENTS:
1.I.SILAS BENHUR, CLASS 10
2.N.SREE LIKHITHA, CLASS...
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Ready Reckoner on Nutrition

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Ready Reckoner on Nutrition by students of Kotwal's School, West Marredpally
Sree Likhitha N (X) and Silas Benhur I (X)
Entry Submission against iEXPRESS competition - part of Project Based Learning using ICT 2012-13

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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Ready Reckoner on Nutrition

  1. 1. READY RECKONER OF NUTRITION CONTENTS: 1.DEFINITION OF NUTRITION 2.TYPES OF NUTRIENTS 3.ESSENTIAL MINERALS 4.ESSENTIAL VITAMINS 5.DAILY REQUIREMENT OF NUTRIENTS.
  2. 2. NUTRITION The study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients, and the relationship between diet, health and disease. Major food manufacturers employ nutritionists and food scientists. Nutritionists may also work in jour- nalism, education and research. Many nutri- tionists work in the field of food science and technology.
  3. 3. TYPES OF NUTRIENTS MACRO-NUTRIENTS  CARBOHY- DRATES 4 K.CAL/GRAM MUST IMPOR- TANT SOUR- CEOF ENERGY.  PROTEINS 4 K.CAL/GRAM REQUIRED FOR THE GROWTH AND REPAIR  FATS 9 K.CAL/GRAM SOURCE OF EN- ERGY WHICH INSULATE BODY AGAINST COLD  FIBER CONSISTS OF CARBOHY- DRATES,PLAYS CRUICIAL PART IN HUMAN NU- TRITION  WATER MAINTAINS THE BODY FORM DEHY- DRATING MICRO-NUTRIENTS  MINERALS MAINTAIN THE DIET  VITAMINS MAINTAIN THE DIET
  4. 4. TYPES OF MINERALS WHAT IT DOES? DEFICIENCY EXCESS EXCESS POTASSIUM REGULATES ATP WITH SODIUM HYPOKALEMIA can profoundly affect the nerv- ous system and heart HYPERKALEMIA can also profoundly affect the nervous system and heart). CHLORIDE PRODUCES HCL ACID, CELLU- LAR PUMP FUNCTIONS HYPERCHLEREMIA low salt levels, which if severe can be very dangerous for health). HYPERCHLOREMIA usually no symptoms, linked to excessive fluid loss). SODIUM REGULATES ATP WITH POTAS- SIUM HYPONATREMIA cause cells to malfunction; ex- tremely low sodium can be fatal HYPERNATREMIA can also cause cells to malfunc- tion, extremely high levels can be fatal). CALCIUM BUILDS BONES HELPS IN SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONING OF BLOOD CELLS HYPOCALCAEMIA muscle cramps, abdominal cramps, spasms, and hyperac- tive deep tendon reflexes. HYPERCALCAEMIA muscle weakness, constipation, undermined conduction of elec- trical impulses in the heart, calcium stones in urinary tract, impaired kidney function, and impaired absorption of iron leading to iron deficiency). PHOSPHOROUS COMPONENT OF BONES AND ENERGY PROCESSING HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA an example is rickets. HYPERPHOSPHATAMIA often a result of kidney failure. MAGNESIUM PROCESSES ATP REQUIRED FOR GOOD BONES HYPOMAGNESAMIA: irritability of the nervous system with spasms of the hands and feet, muscular twitching and cramps, and larynx spasms). HYPERMAGNESAMIA: nau- sea, vomiting, impaired breath- ing, low blood pressure). Very rare, and may occur if patient has renal problems. ZINC REQUIRED FOR SEVERAL EN- ZYMES short stature, anemia, increased pigmentation of skin, enlarged liver and spleen, impaired go- nadal function, impaired wound healing, and immune deficiency. SUPPRESSES COPPER AND IRON ABSORPTION. IRON REQUIRED FOR PROTEINS AND EN- ZYMES, ESPECIALLY HEMOGLOBIN. ANAMEIA IRON OVERLOAD DISORDER; IRON DEPOSITS CAN FORM IN ORGANS, PARTICULARLY THE HEART. MANGANESE A COFACTOR IN ENZYME FUNC- TIONS. - WOBBLINESS, FAINTING, HEARING LOSS, WEAK TENDONS AND LIGA- MENTS. LESS COMMONLY, CAN BE CAUSE OF DIABETES. INTERFERES WITH THE ABSORP- TION OF DIETARY IRON. COPPER COMPONENT OF MANY REDOX EN- ZYMES. ANEMIA OR PANCYTOPENIA AND A NEURODEGENERATION. CAN INTERFERE WITH BODY'S FOR- MATION OF BLOOD CELLULAR COMPONENTS; IN SEVERE CASES CONVULSIONS, PALSY, AND INSEN- SIBILITY AND EVENTUALLY DEATH IODINE REQUIRED FOR THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF THYROXIN DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS, AMONG OTHER PROBLEMS. CAN AFFECT FUNCTIONING OF THYROID GLAND. SELENIUM COFACTOR ESSENTIAL TO ACTIV- ITY OF ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES KESHAN DISEASE KASHING-BECK DISEASE (ATROPHY DEGENERA- TION AND NECROSIS OF CARTI- LAGE TISSUE GARLIC-SMELLING BREATH, GAS- TROINTESTINAL DISORDERS, HAIR LOSS, SLOUGHING OF NAILS, FATIGUE, IRRITABILITY, AND NEUROLOGICAL DAMAGE. MOLYBDENUM VITAL PART OF THREE IMPORTANT ENZYME SYSTEMS, XANTHINE OXI- DASE, ALDEHYDE OXIDASE, AND SULFITE OXIDASE. IT HAS A VITAL ROLE IN URIC ACID FORMATION AND IRON UTILIZATION, IN CARBO- HYDRATE METABOLISM, AND SUL- FITE DETOXIFICATION. MAY AFFECT METABOLISM AND BLOOD COUNTS, BUT AS THIS DE- FICIENCY IS OFTEN ALONGSIDE OTHER MINERAL DEFICIENCIES, SUCH AS COPPER, IT IS HARD TO SAY WHICH ONE WAS THE CAUSE OF THE HEALTH PROBLEM. THERE IS VERY LITTLE DATA ON TOXICITY, THEREFORE EXCESS IS PROBABLY NOT AN ISSUE. ESSENTIAL MINERALS
  5. 5. VITAMIN CHEMICAL NAME DEFICIENCY DIS- EASES PRESENT IN A RETINOL NIGHT BLIND- NESS,XEROPTHALMIA, RUPTURE OF CORNEA, SCALE FORMATION ON SKIN LIVER, EGGS,BUTTER ,FISH,MEAT etc... B1 THIAMINE BERI-BERI, LOSS OF APPETITE WHEAT,OIL SEEDS,MILK ,MEAT,FISH,EGGS, VAGETABLES B2 RIBOFLAVIN GLOSSITIS, CRACKING OF MOUTH AT ANGLES MILK,EGGS,LIVER,KIDNEY,GRE EN LEAFY VEGETABLES B3 NIACIN PELLAGRA KIDNEY,LIVER MEAT ,EGG YOLK,FISH,POULTRY,LEGUMEN S ,GROUNDNUT B6 PYRIDOXIN ANAE- MIA,HYPERIRRITABILITY, DISORDERS OF NERVOUS SYSYTEM MILK, LIVER,MEAT,EGGS,FISH,VEGET ABLES,GRAIN CEREALS etc….. B7 BIOTIN MUSCLE PAINS,NERVOUS DISORDERS FATIGUE PULSES,NUTS,VEGETABLES,LIV ER,KIDNEY B9 FOLIC ACID ANAEMIA, DIARRHOEA, LOSS OF LUECOCYTES LIVER,MEAT,EGGS,FRUITS,CERE ALS,LEAFY VEGETABLES B12 CYANOCOBALAMINE PERINICIOUS ANAEMIA BACTERIA IN INTESTINES SYN- THESIS YHE VITAMIN C ASCORBIC ACID SCURVY FRESH FRUITS,GREEN LEAFY VEGETA- BLES ,LIVER,TOMATOES,GERMI NATING PULSES D CALCIFEROL RICKETS,FRAGILE BONES LIVER,EGG YOLK,BUTTER,COD LIVER OIL,SHARK LIVER OIL E TOCOFEROL STERILITY IN MALES,ABSORPTION IN FE- MALES,REDUCED LIFE SPAN OF RBC FRUITS,VEGETABLES,GERMINA TING SEEDS,MEAT,EGGYOLK,SUNFLO WER OIL, COTTON SEED OIL K PHYLLO QUINONE DELAY IN BLOOD CLOT- TING GREEN LEAFY VEGETA- BLES,MILK ESSENTIAL VITAMINS WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS B1, B2, B3, B6, B7, B9, B12 C A D E K
  6. 6. AGE AND GRADE OF WORK CALORIES PROTIENS IRON CALCIUM 0-6 MONTHS 120 2.3-1.8 5-10 0.5-0.67-12MONTHS 110 1.8-1.8 1-3 YEARS 1200 17-20 15-20 0.4-0.5 4-6 YEARS 1500 22 7-9 YEARS 1800 33 10-12 YEARS 2100 41 13-15 YEARS (BOYS/GIRLS) 2500/2200 55/50 25-35 0.5-0.716-19 YEARS (BOYS/GIRLS) 3000/2200 60/50 ADULT MAN LIGHT WORK 2400 50 20 0.5 MEDIUM WORK 2800 HARD WORK 3900 ADULT WOMAN LIGHT WORK 1900 45 20-30 0.5 MEDIUM WORK 2200 HARD WORK 3000 PREGNANT WOMAN +300 55 40 1.0 FEEDING MOTHER +700 65 30 1.0 DAILY NEED OF PROTEINS /CALORIES/CALCIUM ACCORDING TO AGE AND NATURE OF WORK
  7. 7. DONE BY : NAME OF THE SCHOOL:KOTWAL’S SCHOOL NAME OF THE PARTICIPENTS: 1.I.SILAS BENHUR, CLASS 10 2.N.SREE LIKHITHA, CLASS 10

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