TEEN TRAFFIC SAFETYADVERSITY KaLyn W., Terras G., Kayla W., Kaitlyn R., and Jasmine R.
STATISTICS FROM THE DMV•Teenage Driver Crash Risk FactorsThe traffic accident rates for 16- to 19-year old drivers are higher than those forany other age group. What causes teenage drivers to be such risky drivers? Thefollowing is a list of their primary risk factors.• Poor hazard detectionThe ability to detect hazards in the driving environment depends upon perceptualand information-gathering skills and involves properly identifying stimuli aspotential threats. It takes time for young novice drivers to acquire this ability.• Low risk perceptionRisk perception involves subjectively assessing the degree of threat posed by ahazard and ones ability to deal with the threat. Young novice drivers tend tounderestimate the crash risk in hazardous situations and overestimate their abilityto avoid the threats they identify.• Risk TakingTeenagers tend to take more risks while driving partly due to their overconfidencein their driving abilities. Young novice drivers are more likely to engage in riskybehaviors like speeding, tailgating, running red lights, violating traffic signs andsignals, making illegal turns, passing dangerously, and failure to yield topedestrians.• Not wearing seat beltsTeenagers tend to wear safety belts less often than older drivers. Why?• Lack of skillNovice teenage drivers have not yet completely mastered basic vehicle handlingskills and safe-driving knowledge they need to drive safely.• Alcohol and drugsDriving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs is a common cause of seriouscrashes, especially fatal ones, involving teenage drivers. Teenagers who drinkand drive are at much greater risk of serious crashes than are older drivers withequal concentrations of alcohol in their blood.• Carrying passengersFor teenagers, the risk of being in a crash increases when they transportpassengers-the fatality risk of drivers aged 16-17 years is 3.6 times higher whenthey are driving with passengers than when they are driving alone, and therelative risk of a fatal crash increases as the number of passengers increases.Passengers who are age peers may distract the teen drivers and encourage themto take more risks, especially for young males riding with young male drivers.• Night drivingThe per mile crash rate for teenaged drivers is 3 times higher after 9:00 pmduring the day. This is because the task of driving at night is more difficult; theyhave less experience driving at night than during the day; they are more sleepdeprived, and/or because teenage recreational driving, which often involvesalcohol, is more likely to occur at night.
APPLYING MAKEUP ANDDRIVING STATISTICS•450,000 crashes are caused byapplying cosmetics and driving.More than a quarter (27 percent) of women confessed toputting on make-up and nine percent of those aged 18 oryounger have had an accident - three times the average forwomen drivers. That compareswith just 6 per cent of womenaged 56 or older - who are leastlikely to do it - and just half a percent in that age group who havecrashed while doing their make-up.
EATING WHILE DRIVINGSTATISTICS•Eating while driving is theworst form of distractionwhile driving. A study ofover 1,000 drivers showthat 70% admit to eatingbehind the wheel and 83%admit to drinking abeverage behind thewheel. Those who eat anddrive increase accidentchances by 80%.
PEER TO PEER EDUCATIONEFFORTS•PEP RALLY – My teammates and I did apep rally at our schools. The kids watchedvideos on safe driving and made posters. Wesplit our classmates into 10 groups and eachgroup preformed a skit on either not drinkingand driving, no texting while driving, don’t putmake-up on while driving, or eating whiledriving.
COLLABORATION OF OUTREACHEFFORTS•We collaborated with my YouthDepartment at my church. We got them todo a program there after church and theyput the posters from our school around inthe lobby. We also past out some of thearm bands to the kids and the pens to theadults.