Module 7 prevention of hiv

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Module 7 prevention of hiv

  1. 1. PREVENTION OF HIV INFECTION
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>To describe the risk factors for HIV transmission </li></ul><ul><li>To list the various HIV/AIDS prevention strategies </li></ul><ul><li>To describe the various HIV/AIDS preventive strategies </li></ul><ul><li>To describe PEP </li></ul>
  3. 3. UNIT 1: RISK FACTORS <ul><li>BIOLOGICAL FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>-Female Sex </li></ul><ul><li>-Frequency of sex </li></ul><ul><li>- ? race </li></ul>
  4. 4. UNIT 1:RISK FACTORS <ul><li>SOCIAL FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>-Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>-? Female circumcision </li></ul><ul><li>-Poor sex negotiating skills </li></ul><ul><li>-Alcohol/drug abuse </li></ul>
  5. 5. UNIT1:RISK FACTORS <ul><li>OCCUPATIONAL FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>-Surgical disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>-Medical practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>-Waste disposal </li></ul>
  6. 6. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTION STRATEGIES <ul><li>VCT </li></ul><ul><li>-Stand alone and integrated sites </li></ul><ul><li>-Confidentiality and anonymity </li></ul><ul><li>-Testing procedures (SOP) </li></ul><ul><li>-Quality Assurance </li></ul>
  7. 7. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTIOVE STRATEGIES <ul><li>PMTCT </li></ul><ul><li>-Stages of transmission </li></ul><ul><li>-Associated risk factors ( pregnancy, labour, delivery and breastfeeding) </li></ul><ul><li>-Interventions </li></ul>
  8. 8. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES <ul><li>STI DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT </li></ul><ul><li>-Role in HIV transmission </li></ul><ul><li>-Diagnosis and treatment( syphilis, gonorrhoea, herpes simplex genitalis, chancroid,HPV) </li></ul>
  9. 9. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTION STRATEGIES <ul><li>CONDOM PROMOTION </li></ul><ul><li>-Advocacy for proper use and disposal </li></ul><ul><li>-Regular supply </li></ul>
  10. 10. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTION STRATEGIES <ul><li>BLOOD SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>-Blood transfusion and safety </li></ul><ul><li>-Use of sterile equipment </li></ul><ul><li>-Unsafe traditional practices </li></ul>
  11. 11. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTION STRATEGIES <ul><li>INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS </li></ul><ul><li>-Needle exchange programmes </li></ul><ul><li>-Methadone exchange </li></ul><ul><li>-Social Rehabilitation </li></ul>
  12. 12. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES <ul><li>ADVOCACY AND BCC </li></ul><ul><li>-Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>- Behaviour Change Communication </li></ul>
  13. 13. UNIT 2: HIV PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES <ul><li>POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PEP) </li></ul><ul><li>-Occupational and non-occupational exposures and their management </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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