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PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
SUMMARY

By Gia K. Sharma
Instructor Dr. Andre Cervantes
CASHU, Belize
30th July 2013
Summary
 Peripheral neuropathy can be into divided into
acute and chronic forms, symmetrical
polyneuropathy, and multiple...
 Demyelinating neuropathies are commonly
inflammatory and treatable
 Axonal neuropathies have multiple causes
 Generic ...
 It identifies multiple nerve infarcts due to a
systemic vasculitic process that affects the
vasa nervorum.
 Diseases of...
 If untreated, foot problems can become so
severe that the foot or lower leg may have to
be amputated
 Kidney problems. ...
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Peripheral neuropathy summary

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A short summary on Peripheral neuropathy

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Peripheral neuropathy summary

  1. 1. PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY SUMMARY By Gia K. Sharma Instructor Dr. Andre Cervantes CASHU, Belize 30th July 2013
  2. 2. Summary  Peripheral neuropathy can be into divided into acute and chronic forms, symmetrical polyneuropathy, and multiple mononeuropathy  Acute neuropathies are diagnostic emergencies  Neuropathy due to diabetes mellitus and alcohol misuse can be diagnosed in primary care  Neurophysiological tests distinguish axonal from demyelinating neuropathies
  3. 3.  Demyelinating neuropathies are commonly inflammatory and treatable  Axonal neuropathies have multiple causes  Generic management includes foot care, ankle supports, and treatment of neuropathic pain.  Mononeuropathy refers to focal involvement of a single nerve, usually due to a local cause such as trauma, compression, or entrapment. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common example of a mononeuropathy.  Mononeuropathy multiplex refers to simultaneous or sequential involvement of noncontiguous nerve trunks. Used loosely, this term can refer to multiple compressive mononeuropathies
  4. 4.  It identifies multiple nerve infarcts due to a systemic vasculitic process that affects the vasa nervorum.  Diseases of the central nervous system such as a brain tumor, stroke, or spinal cord lesion occasionally present with symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from polyneuropathy.  Loss of the protective sensation-the reduced ability to feel pain-in the feet may lead to the formation of calluses and blisters, bone and joint problems, infection, and foot ulcers  Reduced feeling in the feet can also alter a person's step, leading to bone or joint problems
  5. 5.  If untreated, foot problems can become so severe that the foot or lower leg may have to be amputated  Kidney problems. These can lead to toxic substances in the blood that damage nerves.  Vitamin deficiencies and alcoholism. Not getting enough nutrients, such as vitamin B12, can damage nerves. Overuse of alcohol and not eating a healthy diet can lead to these vitamin deficiencies.  Infectious or inflammatory diseases, such as HIV or Guillain-Barr syndrome. These diseases can damage the central and peripheral nerves.  Exposure to toxic substances, such as arsenic, or by certain medicines such as those used for chemotherapy.

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