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Food Innovation Clustering
 in the South- East Europe area




Nikos Giannoulidis
Innovation
                                     Management Services

Established in 1990 in Thessaloniki, Greece
Developed into one of the largest specialized
consultancy groups in South East Europe
Working with RTD entities, industry and policy
makers
Portfolio of innovation management services

   Technology Transfer & Innovation support
   Technology Incubation, i4G.gr
   Investment in innovative companies
   Innovation and technology development projects
Contents
   Introduction- Geographical scope
   Characteristics of food industry, RTD and
    policy environment in SEE
   Projects: RAF Regions & Inno- Food SEE
   Activities & Results
   Challenges
   Way forward
SEE regions- General
Characteristics
    Older EU member states/ New Member States
     (accession 2004- 2007)/ Associated Countries
    Similarities and disparities in the structure of
     the economy and the efficiency of RTD and
     business policy
    GDP per capita ranges from 1,500€ in Moldova to
     17,900€ in C. Macedonia- Greece (EU27 average
     23,500 €)
    Unemployment ranges from 5.4% (Bucharest- Ilfov)
     up to 20% in C. Macedonia-Greece and Vojvodina-
     Serbia
Agricultural and food industry
   statistics
        Primary sector GDP share                                      Share of employment of
                                                                       the food and beverages
   Region of Bucharest – Ilfov,
                                                                     industry in manufacturing
            Romania                                                             total
              East Netehrlands
                                                                         30%
           Republic of Slovenia
                                                                         25%
   Region of Central Hungary,
            Hungary                                                      20%

         Region of Apulia, Italy
                                                                         15%

District of Pazardzhik, Bulgaria
                                                                         10%
Region of Central Macedonia,
           Greece                                                        5%

    Oblast of Odessa, Ukraine                                            0%

          Republic of Moldova

   Region of Vojvodina, Serbia

  South-East Region, Romania

                                   0%   5%   10%   15%   20%   25%
Agricultural and food industry
   Share of agriculture in total
    employment ranges from 1%
    (Bucharest- Ilfov) to 28% (Moldova)
   Limited exports despite the significant
    share in national GDP
   Specialisation in food products: fruits,
    wine, industrial crops, cereals, dairy, meat
    and animal products
Research statistics
                     GERD %                                          Biotechnology patent
                                                                    applications to the EPO
                                                                   (Per million labour force)
South-East Region, Romania
                                                            3,50
  Yuzhen tsentralen region,
          Bulgaria                                          3,00
       Republic of Moldova                                  2,50
        Region of Central
                                                            2,00
        Macedonia, Greece
                                                            1,50
Region of Vojvodina, Serbia
                                                            1,00
     Region of Apulia, Italy
                                                            0,50
 Oblast of Odessa, Ukraine
                                                            0,00
Region of Bucharest – Ilfov,
         Romania
Region of Central Hungary,
         Hungary

              EU27 average

       Republic of Slovenia

                           0,00%0,50%1,00%1,50%2,00%2,50%
Regional Innovation
Performance, (RIS 2009)
  Medium- High Innovators

  • Slovenia


  Average Innovators

  • Central Hungary


  Medium- Low Innovators

  •   Central Macedonia
  •   Puglia
  •   Bucharest – Ilfov
  •   Serbia (Innovation Union Scoreboard)


  Low Innovators

  •   Pazardzhik
  •   South- East Region, Romania
  •   Ukraine (based on other comparative studies)
  •   Modova (based on other comparative studies)
RAF Regions & Inno- Food SEE


 3 regions, 12         9 regions, 12
  partners               partners
                        Enhanced scope,
 FP7- Regions of
                         more focused
  Knowledge project      activities
  (2008-2010)           SEE Territorial
 www.raf-regions.eu     cooperation project
                         (2011-2013)
                        www.innofoodsee.eu
Key Activities I
Key Activities II
Key Activities III
Autonomy of Regional RTD policy
   Puglia- IT: some autonomy in development of
    regional RTD policy and implementation of
    measures
    ◦ ARTI (research agency) & DARe (food cluster)
   C. Macedonia- GR: transition phase to a more
    independent decision and implementation system
   Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Hungary: mostly
    centralised system
   Serbia, Moldova & Ukraine: centralised system
Types of RTD policy measures
                                         Tax and       SME                                   Develop-
                          Grants for                                            Develop-
                                         financial support for                                ment of
                            RTD                                  Training of     ment of
                                        incentives the recruit-                               business
                          coopera-                              researchers    Innovation
                                       for innova-   ment of                                 parks and
                            tion                                                Clusters
                                            tion   researchers                              incubators
Region of Central
                              √            √            √                          √
Macedonia, Greece

Region of Apulia, Italy       √            √            √            √             √

District of Pazardzhik,
                              √            √            √            √                          √
Bulgaria
Region of Bucharest –
Ilfov and South-East          √            √            √            √                          √
Region, Romania

Republic of Slovenia          √            √                         √                          √

Region of Central
                              √            √            √            √                          √
Hungary, Hungary
Region of Vojvodina,
                              √                         √            √                          √
Serbia
Oblast of Odessa,
                              √                                                                 √
Ukraine

Republic of Moldova           √                                      √                          √
Assessment of innovation
framework conditions I
   Public investment in knowledge in the regions is
    below EU average (with the exception of Slovenia); the
    relevant financing mechanisms are irregular and
    problematic;

   The quality of research is of international standards
    in some regions (Central Macedonia, Puglia, Slovenia);
    however food related research is not as much
    developed and it is more inclined to basic than applied
    research;
Assessment of innovation
framework conditions II
   Private RTD investments are low; the interaction
    between knowledge entities and the industry needs to
    be enhanced;

   Commercialization of research results as evident
    from IPR indicators and number of EPO patents is
    coming short of international standards;
Assessment of innovation
framework conditions III
   Highly skilled personnel in industry is not sufficient and
    lifelong learning indicators are falling back;

   Significant drawbacks are evident in Innovation Finance
    and Market Conditions (subsidies and tax incentives for
    R&D, pre-commercial procurement procedures, competition
    barriers).

      …develop an Action Plan to target the
     challenges posed by the limitations of the
             framework conditions…
Way forward- Critical success
 factors for the clusters I


A clear vision and                          Different levels of
                     All involved parties
    benefit for                                 autonomy in
                      committed and
 everyone involved                            decision making
                       willing to invest
communicated from                            require different
                     time and resources
     the start                                   approach
Way forward- Critical success
factors for the clusters II


                      Pilot actions with        A dedicated
Great benefit from
                      tangible and early      management
 association with
                     results give impetus       body should
     mature
                          and provide          coordinate the
  international
                         incentive for      activities in the long
     clusters
                          stakeholders               term
Thank you




Nikos GIANNOULIDIS
+30 2310 804108
N.Giannoulidis@euroconsultants.com.gr
www.euroconsultants.gr

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Food innovation clustering in South- East Europe

  • 1. Food Innovation Clustering in the South- East Europe area Nikos Giannoulidis
  • 2. Innovation Management Services Established in 1990 in Thessaloniki, Greece Developed into one of the largest specialized consultancy groups in South East Europe Working with RTD entities, industry and policy makers Portfolio of innovation management services  Technology Transfer & Innovation support  Technology Incubation, i4G.gr  Investment in innovative companies  Innovation and technology development projects
  • 3. Contents  Introduction- Geographical scope  Characteristics of food industry, RTD and policy environment in SEE  Projects: RAF Regions & Inno- Food SEE  Activities & Results  Challenges  Way forward
  • 4.
  • 5. SEE regions- General Characteristics  Older EU member states/ New Member States (accession 2004- 2007)/ Associated Countries  Similarities and disparities in the structure of the economy and the efficiency of RTD and business policy  GDP per capita ranges from 1,500€ in Moldova to 17,900€ in C. Macedonia- Greece (EU27 average 23,500 €)  Unemployment ranges from 5.4% (Bucharest- Ilfov) up to 20% in C. Macedonia-Greece and Vojvodina- Serbia
  • 6. Agricultural and food industry statistics Primary sector GDP share Share of employment of the food and beverages Region of Bucharest – Ilfov, industry in manufacturing Romania total East Netehrlands 30% Republic of Slovenia 25% Region of Central Hungary, Hungary 20% Region of Apulia, Italy 15% District of Pazardzhik, Bulgaria 10% Region of Central Macedonia, Greece 5% Oblast of Odessa, Ukraine 0% Republic of Moldova Region of Vojvodina, Serbia South-East Region, Romania 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25%
  • 7. Agricultural and food industry  Share of agriculture in total employment ranges from 1% (Bucharest- Ilfov) to 28% (Moldova)  Limited exports despite the significant share in national GDP  Specialisation in food products: fruits, wine, industrial crops, cereals, dairy, meat and animal products
  • 8. Research statistics GERD % Biotechnology patent applications to the EPO (Per million labour force) South-East Region, Romania 3,50 Yuzhen tsentralen region, Bulgaria 3,00 Republic of Moldova 2,50 Region of Central 2,00 Macedonia, Greece 1,50 Region of Vojvodina, Serbia 1,00 Region of Apulia, Italy 0,50 Oblast of Odessa, Ukraine 0,00 Region of Bucharest – Ilfov, Romania Region of Central Hungary, Hungary EU27 average Republic of Slovenia 0,00%0,50%1,00%1,50%2,00%2,50%
  • 9. Regional Innovation Performance, (RIS 2009) Medium- High Innovators • Slovenia Average Innovators • Central Hungary Medium- Low Innovators • Central Macedonia • Puglia • Bucharest – Ilfov • Serbia (Innovation Union Scoreboard) Low Innovators • Pazardzhik • South- East Region, Romania • Ukraine (based on other comparative studies) • Modova (based on other comparative studies)
  • 10. RAF Regions & Inno- Food SEE  3 regions, 12  9 regions, 12 partners partners  Enhanced scope,  FP7- Regions of more focused Knowledge project activities (2008-2010)  SEE Territorial  www.raf-regions.eu cooperation project (2011-2013)  www.innofoodsee.eu
  • 11.
  • 15. Autonomy of Regional RTD policy  Puglia- IT: some autonomy in development of regional RTD policy and implementation of measures ◦ ARTI (research agency) & DARe (food cluster)  C. Macedonia- GR: transition phase to a more independent decision and implementation system  Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Hungary: mostly centralised system  Serbia, Moldova & Ukraine: centralised system
  • 16. Types of RTD policy measures Tax and SME Develop- Grants for Develop- financial support for ment of RTD Training of ment of incentives the recruit- business coopera- researchers Innovation for innova- ment of parks and tion Clusters tion researchers incubators Region of Central √ √ √ √ Macedonia, Greece Region of Apulia, Italy √ √ √ √ √ District of Pazardzhik, √ √ √ √ √ Bulgaria Region of Bucharest – Ilfov and South-East √ √ √ √ √ Region, Romania Republic of Slovenia √ √ √ √ Region of Central √ √ √ √ √ Hungary, Hungary Region of Vojvodina, √ √ √ √ Serbia Oblast of Odessa, √ √ Ukraine Republic of Moldova √ √ √
  • 17. Assessment of innovation framework conditions I  Public investment in knowledge in the regions is below EU average (with the exception of Slovenia); the relevant financing mechanisms are irregular and problematic;  The quality of research is of international standards in some regions (Central Macedonia, Puglia, Slovenia); however food related research is not as much developed and it is more inclined to basic than applied research;
  • 18. Assessment of innovation framework conditions II  Private RTD investments are low; the interaction between knowledge entities and the industry needs to be enhanced;  Commercialization of research results as evident from IPR indicators and number of EPO patents is coming short of international standards;
  • 19. Assessment of innovation framework conditions III  Highly skilled personnel in industry is not sufficient and lifelong learning indicators are falling back;  Significant drawbacks are evident in Innovation Finance and Market Conditions (subsidies and tax incentives for R&D, pre-commercial procurement procedures, competition barriers). …develop an Action Plan to target the challenges posed by the limitations of the framework conditions…
  • 20. Way forward- Critical success factors for the clusters I A clear vision and Different levels of All involved parties benefit for autonomy in committed and everyone involved decision making willing to invest communicated from require different time and resources the start approach
  • 21. Way forward- Critical success factors for the clusters II Pilot actions with A dedicated Great benefit from tangible and early management association with results give impetus body should mature and provide coordinate the international incentive for activities in the long clusters stakeholders term
  • 22. Thank you Nikos GIANNOULIDIS +30 2310 804108 N.Giannoulidis@euroconsultants.com.gr www.euroconsultants.gr