Topic 21 diet diversity stata

2,012 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,012
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
22
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Topic 21 diet diversity stata

  1. 1. Srinivasulu Rajendran Centre for the Study of Regional Development (CSRD)Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) New Delhi India r.srinivasulu@gmail.com
  2. 2. Objective of the session1. To measure dietary diversity scores that a household has consumed over the preceding 3 days or 24 hrs
  3. 3. 1. How to calculate Dietary diversity scores and2.How to create other indicators of interest from dietary diversity data
  4. 4. The Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) It is a simple COUNT OF FOOD GROUPS that a household or an individual has consumed over the preceding 24 hours (FAO Guidelines)
  5. 5. Food Groups?
  6. 6. Group No Food Groups Yes = 1 No=01 CEREALS2 WHITE ROOTS & TUBERS3 VITAMIN A RICH VEG. & TUBERS4 DARK GREEN LEAFY VEG5 OTHER VEGETABLES6 VITAMIN A RICH FRUITS7 OTHER FRUITS8 ORGAN MEAT9 FLESH MEATS10 EGGS11 FISH AND SEAFOOD12 LEGUMES, NUTS AND SEEDS13 MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS14 OILS AND FATS15 SWEETS16 SPICES, CONDIMENTS, BEVERAGES Source: FAO
  7. 7. Detailed commodity groups available in“Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity” FAO
  8. 8. IT IS VERY IMPORTANTTO UNDERSTAND THETYPE OF COMMODITY INCULDES WHEN IT COOKED
  9. 9. How HDDS reflect to FoodSecurity? HDDS is meant to reflect, in a snapshot form, the economic ability of a household to access a variety of foods . Source: FAO
  10. 10. Whereas, Individual Dietary Diversity Scores aim to reflect nutrient adequacy, BUT theresome evidences Women Dietary Diversity Score (WDDS) also reflects Household Economic Access to Food Source: FAO
  11. 11. Difference betweenHousehold and Individual Levels
  12. 12. Action Household Level Questionnaire Individual level QuestionnaireWhat the Household economic access to food Quality of the individualtool (dietary energy) diet; for womenmeasures probability of micronutrient adequacy of the dietRespondent Person responsible for food preparation Women aged 15-49 years for the household on the previous day or individuals in other or last 3 days age/sex groupsTarget of The household (All persons living The respondentinterest under the same roof who share meals)Included Includes food: prepared in the home All foods eaten by theand and consumed in the home or outside individual of interest,excluded the home; or purchased or gathered consumed inside orfoods outside and consumed in the home outside the home, irrespective of where they were preparedNumber of 12 groups included in the HDDS 9 groups included in thefood group WDDSincluded in Source: FAOthe score
  13. 13. BUTToday we arefocusing on
  14. 14. “The Household DietaryDiversity Score (HDDS)”
  15. 15. Data Sources The Household Dietary AnthropometricDiversity Score indictors (HDDS) Bangladesh DemographicChronic Poverty Study - and Health Survey (BDHS) - IFPRI 2007
  16. 16. Reference Period FAO uses a reference period of the previous 24 hrs, whereas IFPRI uses 3 days recall period. The recall period of 24 hrs was chosen by FAO as it is less subject to recall error, less cumbersome for the respondent and also conforms to the recall time period
  17. 17. When to measure dietary diversity? The optimal time of year to measure dietary diversity of households or individuals depends on the objective of the survey or monitoring activity. There are several scenarios to assist potential users in planning surveys. More details please refer:“Guidelines for Measuring Households and Individual Dietary Diversity”Source: FAO
  18. 18. Activities to undertake before beginning data collection Translation and adaption steps(i) Basic translation(ii) First Review(iii) Key informant and community meeting to refine the food lists and translations Technical issues to discuss prior to beginning data collection (i) Minimum quantities (ii) Individual food items that could be classified into more than one food group (decide appropriate food group) (iii) mixed dishes: team will need to agree on a way to disaggregate mixed dishes in order to record all of the individual components in their respective food groups. Training Survey interviewers Source: FAO
  19. 19. How to Create Dietary Diversity Scores As per FAO, Dietary Diversity Scores are calculated by summing the number of food groups consumed in the household or by the individual respondent over the 24 hrs recall period. Whereas, we are measuring on the basis of 3 days recall period due to non-availability of data on 24 hrs recall period.Source: FAO
  20. 20. Step 1
  21. 21.  Create new food group variables for those food groups that need to be aggregated. For example: HDDS the food group “Starchy staples” is a combination of “Cereals” and “White roots and tubers”. A new variable termed “Starchy staples” should be created by combining the answers to “Cereals” and White roots and tubers”. STATA Command: gen star_staple = 0 replace star_staple = 1 if cereal ==1 | white_root == 1 As a check, run a “Frequencies” test on all newly created variables and make sure that all value are either 0 or 1. There should be no values > 1 for the newly created variable
  22. 22. Step 2
  23. 23. USING AND INTERPRETING RESULTS There are no established cut-off points in terms of number of food groups to indicate adequate or inadequate dietary diversity for the HDDS. Because of this, it is recommended to use the mean score or distribution of scores for analytical purpose and to set the programme targets.
  24. 24. When interpreting the dietarydiversity score, it isimportant to keep in mind that
  25. 25. 1. The dietary diversity score does not indicate the quantity of food consumed2.Diet varies across seasons and some foods can be available in large quantities and at low cost for short periods3.There may be urban/rural differentials in dietary diversity. Variety is often much greater in urban and peri-urban centres where food markets are adequately supplied and easily accessible

×