Fandom and YA literature YA lit symposium 2012

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Fandom and YA Literature presentation from YALSA's 2012 YA Literature Symposium. Presented by Robin Brenner, Liz Burns, Leslee Friedman, and Aja Romano.

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Fandom and YA literature YA lit symposium 2012

  1. 1. YA Literature and Fandompresented by Robin Brenner, Liz Burns, Leslee Friedman, and Aja Romano
  2. 2. “Fan fiction is what literature might look like if itwere reinvented from scratch after a nuclearapocalypse by a band of brilliant pop-culture junkiestrapped in a sealed bunker. They don’t do it formoney. That’s not what it’s about. The writers writeit and put it up online just for the satisfaction.They’re fans, but they’re not silent,couchbound consumers of media. Theculture talks to them, and they talkback to the culture in its ownlanguage.” The Boy Who Lived Forever -Lev Grossman, Time Magazine
  3. 3. What is fandom?• The idea of fandom developed in the 19th century, originally in reference to sports fans. In the ’20s, the sci-fi community adopted the term, and it’s been around ever since.• What can be a fandom? Anything! One might be a fan of cats, for example, and make fanvids, stories, art, and cute gifs about them. Basically, the Internet is the cat fandom.• OK, seriously, what’s with all the interest in making straight men gay? Fandom is subversive. If a canonical worldview is entirely straight-white-male, then fans will actively resist it. Freeing homoerotic subtexts from restrictive source canons is a rebellion against heteronormative constraints.
  4. 4. Speaking like a fan • Canon• Fanfiction • Pairing • Fanon• Cosplay • OTP (one true pairing) • AU (alternate universe)• Fanvids • Ship (short for relationship) • PWP (plot what plot?)• Filk (fan music) • Gen (no romance) • Crossovers• Crafts • Het/Slash/Femslash (m/f, m/m, f/f romance) • RPF (real people fiction)
  5. 5. The legal thing• Fanfiction has been around since Virgil read The Iliad and said to himself, “But what about Aeneas? I want to know more about him!” ...These are impulses that have existed for centuries and have nothing to do with the creativity or morality of the writer—only the love they have for the source material.• The debate over the legality of fanfiction centers around whether you believe fanfiction is derivative or transformative. "Derivative work" implies that the secondary work adds nothing to the original source in value. "Transformative work" implies that the fic is building on to what the canon started.• Fanfiction’s free status generally keeps it safe from lawsuits, although not from cease-and-desist letters. However, if a case can be made for the fanwork as transformative, the U.S. copyright “fair use” clause is fully protective of the work, whether it is done for free or for profit.• Legally, courts are undecided about whether fanwork is derivative or transformative. The Wind Done Gone (published fanfiction of Gone With the Wind) was ruled transformative, but then a sequel to Catcher in the Rye failed the transformative work test just three years ago.
  6. 6. Pride The King Little andOdyssey Lear Women Prejudice The Pride The Mrs. Sherlock Illiad Dalloway Holmes Wizard and of OZ PrejudiceRobinson Sherlock Jane Crusoe Beowulf Holmes Eyre
  7. 7. Pride The King Little andOdyssey Lear Women Prejudice The Pride The Mrs. Sherlock Illiad Dalloway Holmes Wizard and of OZ PrejudiceRobinson Sherlock Jane Crusoe Beowulf Holmes Eyre
  8. 8. Much Ado Sherlock Charles Jane HamletAbout Holmes Dickens EyreNothing Persuasion The Strange Case of Pride Jane Twelfth Dr. JekylMacbeth and Eyre Night and Prejudice Mr. Hyde Edgar The Turn Romeo Don Frankenstein OthelloAllen Poe Hamlet of the and Juliet Quixote ScrewSherlock
  9. 9. Much Ado Sherlock Charles Jane HamletAbout Holmes Dickens EyreNothing Persuasion The Strange Case of Pride Jane Twelfth Dr. JekylMacbeth and Eyre Night and Prejudice Mr. Hyde Edgar The Turn Romeo Don Frankenstein OthelloAllen Poe Hamlet of the and Juliet Quixote ScrewSherlock
  10. 10. Curseworkers fan art by D. Rodil
  11. 11. Fandom is...• Fun! Escapism is a bit part of the appeal• Creative. Remixing and reinvention is the norm.• Quality. It may take some digging, but high quality work is what makes fans stick around.• Inclusive. Participants find representation in fan works that they are missing in traditional works.
  12. 12. Fandom is...• Speculative. Fans love filling in gaps, asking what if, and expanding favorite universes.• Focused on relationships. Shipping is key to many fans, and they are finding their romance fix online rather than in print.• All about characters. More than worlds, fan works allow fans to spend time with, critique and reimagine their favorites.
  13. 13. 100Number of Respondents 80 60 40 20 0 1 5 10 13 16 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Age of Respondents 50 Number of Respondents 40 30 20 10 0 1 5 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Age Discovered Fandom
  14. 14. How do your describe your gender? MaleOther 5% 3% Female 93%
  15. 15. Questioning Asexual Gay/Lesbian 2% 3% 4% Mostly Gay/LesbianHow do 5% yourdescribe Straight 40% Bisexual 24% Mostly Straight 22%
  16. 16. Where do fans participate? Teens Adults • fanfiction.net • Livejournal • tumblr • Archive of • deviantArt Our Own • YouTube • tumblr • Livejournal • Archive of Our • Fanfiction.net Own • Fandom archives • Dreamwidth
  17. 17. How do teens participate? • 97% read fanfiction, looked at fanart, or watched fanvids • 85% written fanfiction • 79% participated actively in fandom communities • 55% created fan art
  18. 18. Why fandom?“I like the endless remixing. I like the incredible talentand creativity people show. I like how the familiar (characters Iknow, at least from other sources) remain familiar and yetchange. I like the interconnectedness of it, howfanwork is in a conversation with other fanworks and with thefannish community. I like that my standards andinterests are the norm in my part of fandom,not the exception. I like that there are warnings, that Ican find what interests me by tag, and that I can read exactlywhat Im looking for. I like that its free, created in a giftculture, something that is made for love and shared out oflove. I like that I never run out of things to read.”
  19. 19. Fandom criticizes“Fanworks are the branding that help me toappreciate a franchise better. When someone triesto sell me on a show/book/movie, they usually try acertain premise or emotion that will appeal to me.Fanworks are the other end - theres nothingleft to spoil, we know how everythingturns out, and now we can get down tothe analysis, commentary, remixing, andlaughs.”
  20. 20. Superheroines in sweaters by Hanie Mohd haniemohd.tumblr.com
  21. 21. Fandom is community“Ive made several friends who are just as nerdy as Iam, even if they dont go to my school or live in thesame city. Its reassuring as a teenager,when the social pressures of high schoolare very real and very present, to knowthat its ok to love something enough tointeract with it the way you do with afandom.”
  22. 22. Fandom dislikes“Bad spelling or grammar, weird narrativeconventions, kinks that squick me, animal harm anddeath, child harm and death, torture porn, sloppystorytelling, characters who cry constantly when inreality you could destroy their world in front ofthem and they would barely flinch, everything.Every flaw that you can find inpublished work is in fan fiction, too. Butin fan fiction, I can hit the back buttonand easily find something better.”
  23. 23. Fandom teaches“Im writing more and better, and I have amuch clearer perception of how important it is tohave depth and subtext - reading the volumeof fic I have has made me a morecritical reader in a way that public-schoolEnglish classes couldnt (robotically finding andinterpreting literary elements is dull work that doesnot necessarily encourage complex thought).”
  24. 24. Fandom fills gaps“Its given me endless amounts of joy, introducedme to the entire concept of gay...as a completelynon-controversial thing thus probably shapingmy entire life past 7th grade:I have no idea how me figuring out Iliked girls would have happenedwithout fandom, but as was, it wasliterally a completely nondramaticaffair.”
  25. 25. Authorship“Its certainly made me appreciate more just how difficultcreative work can be. Mostly, though, its made me feel thatonce you have created an original work andlet it out into the world, those charactersyouve created are no longer entirely yours.Every person who reads about them or sees them will takethose characters into themselves and read somethingdifferent into them, and all of those readings areequally valid and equally fascinating.”
  26. 26. When is it ok to makemoney off of fan works?• 87% writing about fan culture• 81% creating and attending conferences• 73% from crafts and costumes• 52% selling fanwork once copyright has expired• 46% rewriting an AU fic and publishing it• 10% publishing fanfic without alteration
  27. 27. Fandom inspires“When the spirit moves you, you create, even ifits a 500 word drabble about werewolves in space.”“I began writing fanfiction 3.5 yrs ago and after Ideveloped a substantial following, I eventuallystarted writing original fiction. Ive nowbeen published, something I wouldnthave imagined before I became heavilyinvolved in fandom.”
  28. 28. Fandom encourages“Before fandoms, I thought you needed afancy degree or a medal from the queento write ACTUAL stories. But when I figuredout that there is more to life then internet explorer andneopets, I realized that kids were writing.Everyone was writing. And everyone coulddo it. Then I started to do it. AND LIKEWOAH. I honestly think I started writing storiesbecause I started out writing fanfiction. And now Iwant to minor in creative writing. ”
  29. 29. The Malfoy family in the style of Earl Oliver Hurst by Makani (website | deviantArt | Art Challenge)
  30. 30. Calvin and Hobbes fanart by kizer180 | deviantArtCalvin and Hobbes by ontheshoresofthebroken
  31. 31. The Hunger Games by Faith Erin Hicks | deviantArt
  32. 32. William Riker by John AllisonCreator of Scary Go Round
  33. 33. Kate Beaton Hark a Vagrant! #213 Science Bros parody of Kate Beaton by nikitomuchachos
  34. 34. The various Sherlocks by lowlighter, lowlighter.tumblr.comSherlock fanart by sdkay
  35. 35. Soldier by J.C. Leyendecker Captain America aka Steve Rogers, by 菊叔
  36. 36. Teen interviews
  37. 37. Avengers fanart by Noelle Stevenson | gingerhaze.tumblr.com

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