Gods and Everyday Life • To the Aztecs, religion was an extremely important part of their culture. • The gods played an integral part in everyday life from household tasks to farming. • They controlled all of the elements and preserved the balance of the natural world. • Because of this order they valued the most precious thing, life.
Worship • The Aztecs, like many other cultures, celebrate their gods through feasts, ceremonies, and tradiDonal worship at a temple. • They gave away what was most precious, their life. • Though they mostly sacriﬁced prisoners of war and children, they believed that the gods grew stronger of the blood and hearts of those sacriﬁced. • Because of their religion, the Aztec priests were skilled astronomers and mathemaDcians
The Gods • In Aztec Mythology, there are over 99 deiDes and many with more than one name. • The Aztecs believed that all of the gods should be respected for fear of their wrath or other problems that could ensue. • While some were benevolent, others had ability to cause grave misfortune. • Numerous amounts of temples and places of worship were raised in order to please all of these gods
QUETZALCOATL • Known as the Feather Serpent, Quetzalcoatl was the god of civilizaDon and learning. • One of the oldest gods, known even to the Mayan, he brought science, agriculture, and all that is good in civilizaDon. • He is said to have created man by dripping blood on bones, and therefore we are are seen as his children.
Huitzlopochtli • The most important Aztec God • He was the sun god and the deiﬁed ancestral warrior-‐ hero. • He was also seen as the par for excellence in Aztec Society. • His is considered the reincarnaDon of the sun and night and therefore has the constant struggle of keeping the night at bay and keeping human civilizaDon alive • He must have blood sacriﬁce in order to maintain his daily baSle of keeping humans alive.
Other Gods • There are gods for virtually every facet of life and culture of the Aztecs • Each god has a speciﬁc duty either as acDng as an object ( Metztli – the moon good) or a certain overseeing certain acDons (Chalchiuhtlicue -‐ The goddess of running water) • Religion played a key part in the culture of the Aztecs as well as their everyday duDes