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Job Tax Credit in Tier III & IV South Carolina Counties

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Presented by Nexsen Pruet's Tushar Chikhliker (tushar@nexsenpruet.com) and Burnie Maybank (bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com)

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Job Tax Credit in Tier III & IV South Carolina Counties

  1. 1. JOB TAX CREDIT IN TIER III & IV COUNTIES SEPTEMBER 15, 2019 Burnett R. Maybank, III, Esq. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com Tushar V. Chikhliker, Esq. tushar@nexsenpruet.com
  2. 2. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com STATE TAX INCENTIVES South Carolina has a host of state tax incentives. This Powerpoint focuses on a primary income tax incentive - the Job Tax Credit.
  3. 3. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com STATE TAX INCENTIVES State incentives come in two forms: (1) discretionary and, and (2) non-discretionary. Discretionary incentives include: (1) Grants (typically capped at $10,000 per job, and are highly competitive typically requiring large Cap X and many new jobs); (2) Job Development Credits; withholding tax credit, typically requiring 30 new employees who are paid at or above the average county wage; and (3) Port Cargo Credit for those who increase import/export shipments through a South Carolina Port
  4. 4. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com STATE TAX INCENTIVES Non-discretionary income tax incentives include Job Tax Credit, Abandoned Building Tax Credit, Textile Revitalization Tax Credit, Infrastructure Credit, Capital Investment (ITC credit), Family Independence Payment Credits, R&D Credit, Brownsfield Cleanup Credit, Certified Historic Structure Credit, Apprenticeship Credit, and Fire Sprinkler System Credit This Powerpoint will cover the Job Tax Credit.
  5. 5. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com JOB TAX CREDIT South Carolina law contains three job tax credit provisions, the “traditional” annual job tax credit, the “annual” small business job tax credit, and the “accelerated” small business job tax credit. So there are 3 kinds of Job Tax Credits!
  6. 6. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com GENERAL PROVISIONS South Carolina Code law provides a tax credit against South Carolina income tax, bank tax, or insurance premium tax for a qualifying business creating new jobs in this state. Corporations, sole proprietorships, partnerships, S corporations, and limited liability companies are eligible for the credit. To qualify for the job tax credit, a business must: (1) be a certain type of business, and (2) create and maintain a required minimum number of “new, full time jobs” at the time a new facility or expansion is initially staffed. The “basic” credit amount for each new job is from $1,500 (Tier I) to $25,000 (Tier IV) per year depending, in part, on where a taxpayer’s facility is located. A taxpayer can receive an “additional” $1,000 credit per year for each new qualifying job if the taxpayer’s qualifying facility is located in a multi-county industrial part.
  7. 7. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com GENERAL PROVISIONS The credit is adjusted for job increases or decreases each year. During the 5-year credit period, a credit is also allowed for additional new, full time jobs created. Any unused credit may be carried forward for 15 years.
  8. 8. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com QUALIFICATIONS To qualify for the Job Tax Credit, the taxpayer must (1) be a qualifying business; and (2) hire the requisite number of employees.
  9. 9. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com QUALIFYING BUSINESSES A business must be engaged in manufacturing, processing, tourism, warehousing, banking, distribution, research and development, agribusiness operations, agricultural packaging, general contractor, qualifying service-related facility, a corporate office facility, a professional sports team, or a technology intensive facility to qualify for the job tax credit.
  10. 10. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com PROCESSING FACILITY “Processing facility” means: an establishment that prepares, treats, or converts tangible personal property into finished goods or another form of tangible personal property. The term includes a business engaged in processing agricultural, aquacultural, or maricultural products and specifically includes meat, poultry, and any other variety of food processing operations. It does not include an establishment in which retail sales of tangible personal property are made to retail customers.
  11. 11. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com DISTRIBUTION FACILITY “Distribution facility” means: an establishment where shipments of tangible personal property are processed for delivery to customers. The term does not include an establishment where retail sales of tangible personal property are made to retail customers on more than twelve days a year except for a facility which processes customer sales orders by mail, telephone, or electronic means, if the facility also processes shipments of tangible personal property to customers and if at least seventy-five percent of the dollar amount of goods sold through the facility are sold to customers outside of South Carolina. Retail sales made inside the facility to employees working at the facility are not considered for purposes of the twelve-day and seventy-five percent limitation.
  12. 12. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TOURISM FACILITY “Tourism facility” means: an establishment used for a theme park; amusement park; historical, educational, or trade museum; botanical garden; cultural center; theater; motion picture production studio; convention center; arena; auditorium; or a spectator or participatory sports facility; and similar establishments where entertainment, education, or recreation is provided to the general public. Tourism facility also includes new hotel and motel construction, except that to qualify for the credits allowed by this section and regardless of the county in which the facility is located, the number of new jobs that must be created by the new hotel or motel is twenty or more. It does not include that portion of an establishment where retail merchandise or retail services are sold directly to retail customers.
  13. 13. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TECHNOLOGY INTENSIVE FACILITY “Technology intensive facility” means: A facility at which a firm engages in the design, development, and introduction of new products or innovative manufacturing processes, or both, through the systematic application of scientific and technical knowledge. Included in this definition are the following NAICS: ‣ 5114 database and directory publishers; ‣ 5112 software publishers; ‣ 54151 computer systems design and related services; ‣ 541511 custom computer programming services; ‣ 541512 computer systems design services; ‣ 541711 research and development in biotechnology; 2007 NAICS; ‣ 541712 research and development in physical, engineering, and life sciences; 2007 NAICS; ‣ 58210 data processing, hosting, and related services; ‣ 9271 space research and technology; or ‣ A facility primarily used for one or more activities listed under the 2002 version of the NAICS Codes 51811 (Internet Service Providers and Web Search Portals).
  14. 14. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com AGRICULTURAL PACKAGING FACILITY “Agricultural packaging” means: the technology of enclosing or protecting or preserving agricultural products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages used for agricultural products. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing agricultural goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use.
  15. 15. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com QUALIFYING BUSINESSES A retail facility or service-related industry located in a Tier IV county may also qualify for the credit.
  16. 16. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com MINIMUM NUMBER OF NEW JOBS – TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT In general, a taxpayer must increase employment by a monthly average of 10 new, full time jobs to qualify for the credit, regardless of the county in which the employer is located. Exceptions include Tourism facilities that consist of new hotels and motels must create 20 new, full time jobs
  17. 17. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com MINIMUM NUMBER OF NEW JOBS – TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT QUALIFYING SERVICE RELATED FACILITY The definition of qualifying businesses in the original JTC Act was limited to manufacturers/warehouse/distribution. The General Assembly adopted qualifying service related facility to qualify many white collar jobs. Note: If you qualify as a Technology Intensive Facility you do not have to meet the requirements of a Qualifying Service Related Facility!
  18. 18. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com MINIMUM NUMBER OF NEW JOBS – TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT QUALIFYING SERVICE RELATED FACILITY A qualifying service-related facility must either: (a) create 25 to 175 new, full time jobs at a single location based upon average cash compensation listed in the next slide, or (b) be a facility classified under North American Industry Classification System Manual (“NAICS”) Section 6, subsectors 621 (ambulatory health care services), 622 (hospitals), 623 (residential care facilities) or (c) be an establishment engaged in activities in support of air transportation.
  19. 19. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com MINIMUM NUMBER OF NEW JOBS – TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT QUALIFYING SERVICE RELATED FACILITY A taxpayer who is not qualifying under the NAICS codes above must create: • 175 jobs at a single location; or • 100 jobs at a single location where the average cash compensation for those jobs is 1.5 times the county or states average (whichever is lower); or • 50 jobs at a single location where the average cash compensation for those jobs is 2 times the county or state average (whichever is lower); or • 25 jobs at a single location where the average cash compensation for those jobs is 2.5 times the county or state average (whichever is lower); or • 150 jobs at a single location comprised of a building or portion of a building that has been vacant for at least 12 consecutive months prior to the taxpayer’s investment in the facility.
  20. 20. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com MINIMUM NUMBER OF NEW JOBS – TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT QUALIFYING SERVICE RELATED FACILITY Businesses engaged in legal, accounting, banking or investment services (including a business identified under NAICS Section 55) or retail sales do not qualify as a Qualifying Service Related Facility
  21. 21. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com DEFINITION OF “FULL TIME” AND “NEW JOB” A “full time” job is one requiring a minimum of 35 hours of an employee’s time each week for the entire normal year of company operations. Two half time jobs requiring a minimum of 20 hours of each employee’s time a week qualify as one “full time” job. Additionally, seasonal workers in agricultural packaging and agribusiness operations may be considered full-time. However, a seasonal employee only counts as a fraction of a full-time worker, with the numerator being the number of hours worked a week multiplied by the number of weeks worked and the denominator being 1,820.
  22. 22. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com COUNTY RANKINGS The amount of credit that a business may receive for each job created is determined by the county where the business’s facility is located. There are 4 categories of counties: Tier I, Tier II, Tier III and Tier IV.
  23. 23. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com COUNTY RANKINGS TIER III AND IV The county rankings are updated once a year, usually in December and are effective as of January 1st of the following year. For 2019, the county rankings are as follows: TIER IV TIER III Allendale Abbeville Bamberg Calhoun Barnwell Cherokee Chester Chesterfield Clarendon Colleton Dillon Darlington Lee Edgefield Marion Fairfield Marlboro Hampton Orangeburg Horry Union Jasper Williamsburg McCormick
  24. 24. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com COUNTY RANKINGS TIER I AND II TIER II TIER I Aiken Anderson Florence Beaufort Georgetown Berkeley Greenwood Charleston Kershaw Dorchester Lancaster Greenville Laurens Lexington Newberry Richland Oconee Spartanburg Pickens York Saluda Sumter
  25. 25. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com COUNTY RANKINGS Companies planning significant expansions may lock-in the current county designation without regard to whether the ranking of the particular county changes by filing a Form SC616. Entities locating in Tier III and IV counties need to file it!!!
  26. 26. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com CREDIT AMOUNT TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT The “basic” job tax credit amounts under the traditional annual job tax credit are listed below: • $25,000 per year for each new, full time job created in a Tier IV county • $20,250 per year for each new, full time job created in a Tier III county • $2,750 per year for each new, full time job created in a Tier II county • $1,500 per year for each new, full time job created in a Tier I county The credit amount in Tier III and Tier IV counties was significantly increased by the General Assembly in 2019.
  27. 27. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com CREDIT AMOUNT The job tax credit taken in one tax year may not exceed 50% of the taxpayer’s income tax, bank tax, or insurance premium tax liability. If the credit is passed through, the 50% limitation is determined at the shareholder, partner, or member level. Any unused credit may be carried forward for 15 years.
  28. 28. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com CALCULATING THE CREDIT TRADITIONAL JOB TAX CREDIT The job tax credit is claimed on the taxpayer’s tax return for 5 years provided those jobs are maintained in the year in which the credit is claimed. The credit is not claimed in the year the new jobs are created. The number of new and additional new full time jobs is determined by comparing the monthly average number of full time employees subject to South Carolina income tax withholding in the applicable county for the taxable year with the monthly average for the prior taxable year. For purposes of calculating the monthly average number of full-time employees in the first year of operation in this State, a taxpayer may use the actual months in operation or a full twelve- month period. If a taxpayer’s business is in operation for less than twelve months a year, the number of new and additional new full-time jobs is determined using the monthly average for the months the business is in operation.
  29. 29. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT GENERAL South Carolina provides a job tax credit against South Carolina income tax, bank tax, or insurance premium tax for small businesses (i.e., a business with 99 or fewer employees worldwide). The qualifying small business must generally create and maintain a monthly average increase of 2 new, full time jobs. The credit amount is determined by the South Carolina county where the taxpayer’s facility is located and the amount of gross wages paid to each employee. The “basic” credit amount for each new job for the small business job tax credit ranges from $750 to $25,000 per year.
  30. 30. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT There are two types of small business Tax Credits – (1) Annual; and (2) Monthly
  31. 31. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT “ANNUAL” SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT The credit is first claimed on the taxpayer’s tax return for the year following the creation of the new jobs (For example, jobs created in Year 1 are claimed in Year 2), provided the jobs are maintained. The credit is adjusted for job increases or decreases. No credit is allowed for the year or any subsequent year in which the net increase in employment falls below the minimum level.
  32. 32. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT MONTHLY SMALL BUSINESS TAX CREDIT “Monthly” small business job tax credit (Alternative Method). South Carolina allows a small business qualifying for the “annual” small business job tax credit an “election” to accelerate the use of the credit by computing it on a “monthly” basis and claiming the credit in the year the jobs are created. The credit amount depends, in part, on the county in which the taxpayer is located and the amount of gross wages paid for a full month to each employee. The credit is allowed for the monthly average of new, full time jobs for which wages are paid for the full month. The credit is claimed on the taxpayer’s tax return for not more than 60 consecutive months and is claimed beginning with the first full month wages are paid for the new, full time jobs created.
  33. 33. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT TYPES OF QUALIFYING BUSINESSES Qualifying small businesses are the same as for the traditional JTC See slides above for qualifying businesses for Traditional JTC
  34. 34. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS Basic Credit Amounts: In general, the “basic” job tax credit amount for each new, full time job created under the small business job tax credit and maintained by a small business is substantial and can be either the “100% credit amount” or the “50% credit amount.”
  35. 35. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS The “basic” job tax credit amounts available to a small business creating a monthly average of 2 or more new, full time jobs are the: • “50% credit amount” – This amount ranges from $750 to $12,500 per year per job for a taxpayer who pays gross wages per job below 120% of the county or state average per capita income (whichever is less). The amount depends upon the location of the business. 50% credit amount in Tier IV is $12,500 and in Tier III counties it is $10,125!!! • “100% credit amount” – This amount ranges from $1,500 to $25,000 per year per job for a taxpayer who pays gross wages per job at or above 120% of the county or state average per capita income (whichever is less). The amount depends upon the location of the business. In Tier IV counties it is $25,000 and in Tier III it is $20,250!
  36. 36. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS The 100% credit amount is wages per job of 120% or more of the county or state average – whichever is less. In 2019, the State per Capita was $41,633 120% of this amount is $49,960 The County average in four of the Tier I counties was below the state per capita, so you would use the county per capita. The other six counties were above it so they would use the state per capita. Three Tier II counties were above the state per capita so they would also use state per capita. The remaining counties would use the county per capita.
  37. 37. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT AMOUNT TIER I 37 TIER I Per Capita Income 120% Anderson $38,271 45,925 Beaufort $52,763 63,316 Berkeley $37,483 44,980 Charleston $57,281 68,737 Dorchester $37,847 45,416 Greenville $46,066 55,279 Lexington $44,497 53,396 Richland $43,863 52,635 Spartanburg $41,709 50,051 York $44,343 53,212
  38. 38. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT AMOUNT TIER II 38 TIER II Per Capita Income 120% Aiken $40,656 48,787 Florence $40,411 48,493 Georgetown $44,782 53,738 Greenwood $35,829 42,995 Kershaw $39,842 47,810 Lancaster $47,505 57,006 Laurens $33,390 40,068 Newberry $36,846 44,215 Oconee $41,424 49,709 Pickens $36,936 44,323 Saluda $33,164 39,796 Sumter $36,887 44,264
  39. 39. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT AMOUNT TIER III 39 TIER III Per Capita Income 120% Abbeville $33,044 39,653 Calhoun $36,787 44,144 Cherokee $31,313 37,576 Chesterfield $29,559 35,471 Colleton $34,345 41,214 Darlington $35,764 42,917 Edgefield $34,913 41,896 Fairfield $36,198 43,438 Hampton $30,861 37,033 Horry $35,520 42,624 Jasper $27,762 33,314 McCormick $35,465 42,558
  40. 40. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT AMOUNT TIER IV 40 TIER IV Per Capita Income 120% Allendale $30,946 37,135 Bamberg $31,881 38,257 Barnwell $32,428 38,913 Chester $32,667 39,200 Clarendon $32,037 38,444 Dillon $27,111 32,533 Lee $31,616 37,939 Marion $30,157 36,188 Marlboro $29,861 35,833 Orangeburg $32,668 39,202 Union $31,858 38,230 Williamsburg $31,735 38,082
  41. 41. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS Basic Credit Amounts: The “100% credit amount” and the “50% credit amount” are dependent, in part, on the “wage category” of the minimum number of required jobs and the “wage category” of each additional job.
  42. 42. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS The following rules apply in determining the credit amount. For a small business taxpayer to qualify for the “100% credit amount,” the minimum 2 new, full time jobs must be created paying gross wages at or above the 120% wage threshold “wage category.” The credit amount for each additional job created over minimum during the original credit period is determined separately based upon the wage category of each additional job (i.e., some additional jobs may qualify for the “50% credit amount” and other additional jobs may qualify for the “100% credit amount”).
  43. 43. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS If a small business taxpayer creates the minimum 2 new, full time jobs with one job paying at or above the 120% wage threshold and the other job paying below the 120% wage threshold, then the taxpayer would be eligible only for the “50% credit amount” for these 2 jobs. The credit amount for any additional jobs created over the minimum is determined separately and will be eligible for either the “50% credit amount” or the “100% credit amount,” depending on the wage category of each additional new job.
  44. 44. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT CREDIT AMOUNTS (CON’T.) The credit amounts are as follows: A small business qualifying for the “basic” job tax credit may be entitled to “additional” $1,000 job tax credit for each new, full time job created and maintained, if the facility is located in a multicounty industrial park. County Designation (Location of Taxpayer) “100% Credit Amount” i.e., Gross Wages Per Job Greater Thank or Equal to 120% County or State Average Per Capita Income, Whichever is Less “50% Credit Amount” i.e., Gross Wages Per Job Less Thank 120% County or State Average Per Capita Income, Whichever is Less Tier IV $25,000 $12,500 Tier III $20,250 $10,125 Tier II $2750 $1375 Tier I $1500 $750
  45. 45. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com SMALL BUSINESS JOB TAX CREDIT GROSS WAGES As discussed above, the “basic” job tax credit amount for each new, full time job created and maintained by a small business depends, in part, on the amount of gross wages paid to each new, full time employee. The 120% wage threshold is determined for each job at the end of the taxpayer’s tax year in which the jobs are created. This computation can involve a series of steps depending on when the jobs are created, the amount of gross wages paid, and whether both part time and full time jobs are created.
  46. 46. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com CALCULATING JOBS The calculation of new jobs can be very complex given that few are hired on January 1st and employees come and go, often with gaps in between. Generally, for purposes of calculating the monthly average number of full-time employees in the first year of operation in this State, a taxpayer may use the actual months in operation or a full twelve-month period. If a taxpayer’s business is in operation for less than twelve months a year, the number of new and additional new full-time jobs is determined using the monthly average for the months the business is in operation.
  47. 47. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com CALCULATING JOBS The DOR has issued two lengthy Policy Docs on calculating jobs, SC DOR Rev. Rul. #07-2, Small Business Provisions (54 pages) and Rev. Rul. #99-5 (62 pages) (Traditional JTC); NOTE: the JTC statutes have changed since these docs were issued, (for example county classification rankings have changed).
  48. 48. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT The JTC is a credit – not a deduction – so it reduces dollar for dollar the taxes owed (up to the 50% limitation). It is not transferable/refundable/assignable. If you earned the credit in past years but didn’t claim it you can file amended returns during the 3-year statute of limitations. Note that refund claims in Tier III and IV counties would be the credit amounts under prior law ($8,000/$4,250), and not $25,000/$20,250, which took effect in 2019.
  49. 49. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT What Tax Liabilities is the Credit Applied Against? There are 3 Rules for applying the Credit: 1. C Corps 2. S Corps; and 3. Partnerships, including LLCs
  50. 50. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT The job tax credit taken in one tax year may not exceed 50% of the taxpayer’s income tax, bank tax, or insurance premium tax liability. If the credit is passed through, the 50% limitation is determined at the shareholder, partner, or member level. An S corporation must first use the credit against its own income tax liability, if any, before passing the credit through to its shareholders. The amount of credit allowed a shareholder, partner or member of a limited liability company is equal to the shareholder’s percentage of stock ownership, partner’s interest in the partnership, or member’s interest in the limited liability company for the taxable year multiplied by the amount of the credit the entity would have been entitled to if it was taxed as a corporation.
  51. 51. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT PARTNERSHIPS AND LLCs A member of an LLC has income (K-1) from several partnerships. Is the Credit applicable only to income from the LLC generating the JTC – or to all the Member’s state tax liability?
  52. 52. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT PARTNERSHIPS AND LLCs EXAMPLE A Heart surgeon in Columbia has substantial income from her medical practice. She is a member of an LLC which owns a C Store in a Tier IV County which has generated a substantial JTC but has much less income. Is the JTC applied just against the C Store income, or her total income (state tax liability)? Her total state tax liability – including her spouse’s if they file a joint tax return.
  53. 53. bmaybank@nexsenpruet.com tushar@nexsenpruet.com www.nexsenpruet.com TAKING THE CREDIT PARTNERSHIPS AND LLCs SC DOR Rev. Rul. #99-5 Question 34 - Use of Credit by Partner, Shareholder, or Member: Q. What income of the partner, shareholder or member does the credit offset? A. The credit may be used against all South Carolina income tax reported by the partner, shareholder, or member that is subject to tax imposed by Code §12-6-510. It is not limited to use only against the partnership, S-corporation, or limited liability company income that passed through the credit. Further, if the partner, shareholder, or member files a joint income tax return, the credit may be used to offset the income of both spouses, even if only one spouse is the partner, shareholder, or member. The credit is limited to 50% of the partner’s, shareholder’s, or member’s income tax liability or married couple’s income tax liability. Code §12-6-3360(K)(3).

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