Audience analysis:A process to identify the characteristicsDemographics, skill level, behaviors, and.knowledgeThe analysis allows the instructor to design anddetermine content to meet the learning goals .of the training
?What is in an audience analysisDemographics.…,: age, gender, education levelDemographicsLearning styles: to meeting audience needs toincrease learning, visual, verbal, active, reflective,..……,sequential, global
Memory levels10% what is read20% what is heard30% what is seen50% what is heard and seen70% what is said and written90% what is said as it is done
Training standardsTraining standards measures collective or individualperformance based on task accomplishment, and alsodefines the level of proficiency required to satisfy the.taskA training standard consists of three component: thetask to be accomplished, the condition underwhich the task is performed , and the evaluationcriteria used to determine if the task was performed.at a satisfactory level
Basic conceptsThe taskA unit of work usually performed over a short period of time, it has.a specific beginning and ending, can be measuredConditions.Equipment, environmental conditionsStandards.…,Accuracy, time limits, sequencing, quality, product, processPerformance steps.To a accomplish the training objective
EvaluationAfter training is completed ,the training standards areagain used to ensure thatindividuals and teams cansuccessfully perform all the.required tasks
Agenda1. Aims and objectives of the training?2. Who is to be trained?3. When will the training take place?4. Where will the training take place?5. How is the training to be provided?
1. Aims and Objectives of the training • The aims provide an overview of what is hoped will happen. They provide a direction but it is not easy to know when an aim has been achieved.At the end of the training, an evaluation is needed to checkthat participants are satisfied with the programme and havelearnt what was planned. On occasions it is of value toinvolve people from outside to provide an unbiasedassessment.
1. Who is to be trained?• It is important to know how people have been selected for training. If everyone came from a similar school, similar subjects and similar levels of expertise it would make the training easier. In reality people come from a wide range of experiences which means more work for the Trainers.• Consideration needs to be given to how many people will be trained at one time. This will depend on a number of factors including the number of computers available but there is a limit to the number of people that Trainers can interact with at one time. From experience, 30 people are the maximum number that can be managed effectively
• When will it take place?• Some participants will demand longer hours than this, but this is impractical since the training is intense and both Trainers and trainees need to rest. Trainers also need working time at either ends of the day. In the morning, time is needed to make sure that everything is available and working, at the end of the day time is needed to assess progress and where necessary amend the programme for subsequent days. This can easily add an extra two hours per day to the Trainer’s workload. Be ready to say NO!
• Where will training take place?• For their own convenience, Trainers need to be aware of where it will take place and how they will get there. It has been found essential to arrive at the training centre at least a day ahead of the start of training. Days before travelling to a centre, Trainers must receive reassurance that everything is working and when they get there, check again for themselves. By arriving early it may be possible to move the furniture around so that it best matches the Trainers’ style of delivery.• The best format is to have a separate area for discussion and group work. This means that it is possible to get participants away from the computers. This arrangement ensures that trainees give their full attention and do not continue to work on the computers. It is a disadvantage having people sitting at their computers throughout the training, even when the computer facilities are excellent.
1. How is the training to be delivered?• Along with the training there will be a need for administrative support and technical support. it is also important to ensure that there is good technical support particularly for Trainers working for the first time.• It is also necessary to decide on how important it is for participants to be able to speak, read and write in English as well as Arabic.• At present most of the Internet and software for Science relies heavily on a good knowledge of English. Organisers and Trainers must decide and agree on the importance attached to this and to what extent it affects the training programme.
Planning the Programme for One Day• Trainers must plan in detail what they will do each day• The outline programme includes details for all that will be covered each day. It will enable Trainers to see how they will be able to fit in all the activities proposed. For each day it is important to address the following areas;3. Time available4. Meeting objectives5. The day before and the day after6. Access to the Internet7. Maintaining a balance of activities8. Planning for the unexpected
Time available• This means how much time will be available in the training area and on the computers. In some places it is possible to use the training facilities beyond the times of the official programme. Inevitably this will affect everything that is done. It is important to find out how much time is available for each day as soon as possible. Some trainees will want to work on beyond the planned end of day• Time will have to be allowed for rest breaks each day and for lunch. Getting people out and back in again can often cut into this time. If people have to travel on a bus to lunch then a little more time might have to be allowed for. Adding on time at the end of the day can make this up.
Meeting ObjectivesWhat is planned for each day will be affected by the overall objectives so for one day the intention could be to introduce spreadsheets, show how they can be used for calculating, modelling and creating graphs. These are clear-cut and easy to know whether or not you have achieved them.Sometimes there will be temptations to do things not planned for, but which have interested participants. Now while there is always some flexibility in any programme it is important that Trainers do not stray to far from what was originally agreed. Neither organisers nor participants will be pleased if you do not deliver what was expected.
The day before and the day after• Even planning for the first day can be affected by unforeseen events so there has to be an ongoing evaluation of what can and cannot be done each day. The plan for successive days will depend on each other and in discussion with organisers, priorities will have to be decided. Initial planning provides a guideline for what is to be done, but this can be adapted throughout the week.
WHEN ACTIVITYWellbefore the •Arrive early as possible to make sure you can getstarting in and that everything is working properly;time. •First of all check resources including computers(One hour and software that will be used first by trainer andif then for participants;possible) •Check Internet access if that is to be used today; •Check printers each day; •Arrange chairs and tables for the first session; •Check with the technical support; •Make sure that the photocopying needed for today is availableStart of day
During sessions •Check that you have participants full attention; •Check that participants understand; •When participants have gone into groups for discussions check that they understand what they have to do and that everyone has a chance to take part; it is sometimes advisable to make a working sheet •Watch how participants use the computers and make sure that anyone who needs extra help is able to work with others who are more competent;Break times Getting people out for tea break and lunch breaks can be very difficult, as often they want to finish the work that they are doing. It is not always essential that everyone goes out at the same time, but that they all have time to get a drink and do anything else they need to do. On the other hand, we have not found it difficult in getting people back in on time. If people have to travel together by bus to the dining hall for example, then everyone does have to leave and return at the same time. If you can, sit with different groups of people at break times and at lunch times. You can then get some feedback on how things are going and whether or not there are any problems such as with the accommodation.End of day The days work is very intensive and trainers should think carefully before committing themselves to staying after the finishing time. The priorities for trainers are to rest, to evaluate what has been done that day and prepare for the next day. In some places the management will allow participants to remain in the training rooms for an hour or so after the end of the training. This is a good thing, and often appreciated by the trainees, but the trainers should not need to be involved. Modify the next days programme according to comments arising from the days work
Sessn Activity Duration (mins) 1 Welcome 2 Forming Groups 3 Teachers and Students Making Presentations 4 Spreadsheets 5 Evaluating software 6 Internet Resources for Science revision time at start of days 2 -4 Summary and clarifications at end of sessions each day Evaluation sheet at end Presentation of certificates at end TOTAL TIME TIME AVAILABLE
Welcome and IntroductionAt the end of this introduction participants will be able to:• explain why they are being trained;• identify the trainers for their group;• describe how the teachers will be trained;
No. Name Position School Address Location Telephone E-Mail
Activity When Who WhyIdentify need for training and To get started who the trainers will beAgree aims and objectives Needed for planningTrainers receive contracts Ratifies commitments and sets in motion financesProvide course outline, rationale Releases finance that will pay for travel and plans for training-Specific software obtained -Software needed including MS Office-Specific hardware or software - In time for agency to meet those needs needed made clearTrainees identified and informed Provides essential information for teachers and their schoolsConfirm location and facilities Ensure facilities are still availableComputer facilities and technical Computer setups, availability of projectors, internet support checked out access, available software and access for printing. Who will support trainers?Materials sent for photocopying Sent by email and processed at employers office
Activity When How long to do WhyTrainers analyse Immediately after Depending on the Provides information on what went well evaluation forms. training has number of and what needs to be improved. been completed. participants, This will help planning for future training sessions.Trainers analyse Immediately after This will take up to Provides information on what went well recommendations of training has one hour. and what needs to be improved. participants. been completed. This will help planning for future training sessions.Trainers produce a Within 4 weeks from This will take at As an Employing agency requirement report according to the end of the least 2 days and to provide a record of the guidelines provided training training. Final payment to trainers by Employing will not occur until this is agency. completed.Decide on which digital When report is At least 3 hours Provides visual images of activities in photographs4 and almost with report and ensures a professional graphics will be used completed consultations product and insert in best place in reportFinal editing and Within 3 months of This will take As an Employing agency requirement professional printing end of training several weeks and to provide a record of the of report managed training by Employing agencyDissemination of report Within a month after Two weeks So that the participants have a reference by employing agency printing the document to review and apply what to all participants report they have learnt.