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History of India


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Professor Akira Shimada,
Department of History and Asian Studies
Scholar Escort, Fulbright-Hays Group Projects Abroad

(Lecture notes available in downloaded PowerPoint presentation.)

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History of India

  1. 1. A Brief History of India Professor Akira Shimada New Paltz Department of History and Asian Studies Scholar Escort, Fulbright-Hays Group Projects Abroad
  2. 2. Indus Valley Civilization or Harappa Culture <ul><li>Harappan (7000-3500 BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Early Harappan (3500-2600 BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Mature Harappan (2600-1900 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohenjodaro and Harappa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Late Harappan (1900-1700 BCE) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mohenjo-daro
  4. 4. Sarnath (first sermon and monastary)
  5. 6. Ashokan Pillar Capital Sarnath
  6. 7. The Kushana-Satavahanas (1st AD-3rd CE)
  7. 8. The Gupta Dynasty (310-550 CE)
  8. 9. Ajanta Caves 1 st century BCE and 5 th century CE
  9. 10. Ajanta Cave II (Queen’s Cave)
  10. 11. Ceiling Painting
  11. 12. Ellora 16 (Kailasanatha Temple) Rāshrakuta Period (8-9 th century)
  12. 13. Slave Dynasty (1206-1290)
  13. 14. Alai Darwaza and Qutb Minar Delhi, ca. 1200
  14. 16. Mughal Empire (1526-1857)
  15. 17. Taj Mahal, c. 1630
  16. 18. British Expansion into India <ul><li>1611: First English trading station (factory) was set up at Masulipatan, S. E. India </li></ul><ul><li>1613: Set up factory at Surat (Mughal port) </li></ul><ul><li>1615: Ambassador Thomas Roe visited Mughal court and got permission to set factories inland (e.g. Agra) </li></ul><ul><li>1623: Amboina Massacre </li></ul>
  17. 19. EIC Expansion <ul><li>1611: First English trading station (factory) at Masulipatan (S. E. India) </li></ul><ul><li>1613: Factory at Surat (W. India </li></ul><ul><li>1615: Ambassador Thomas Roe visited Mughal court </li></ul><ul><li>1661: British acquisition of Bombay </li></ul><ul><li>1640: Set St. George Fort at Madras </li></ul><ul><li>1702: Built St. Williams Fort at Calcutta </li></ul>
  18. 20. British India (mid 19 th century) <ul><li>EIC territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bengal Presidency (North and Central India) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombay Presidency (Konkan, West Deccan and Sind) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madras (Carnatic and Malabar) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. 1857 Revolt <ul><li>Sepoy Mutiny or first war of Independence occurred at N. India </li></ul><ul><li>Started May 10 1857 and continued until September (even after outside Delhi) </li></ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mughal-s officially ended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India became the official territory of the British empire </li></ul></ul>