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Build it again! 2012

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An overview of the impact Streetcars had in building Portland, Maine and a series of proposals for how to bring them back!

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Build it again! 2012

  1. 1. Bringing the streetcar back to portland! How they built it before and how they can build it again! Presented by carfree maineSaturday, September 15, 12
  2. 2. Part 1. They Built It Before The Streetcar Network of Portland Maine Slides 1-12 1890s-1940s Part 2. They can build it again! Proposal A- “Heritage” Trolley Along Commercial St. Slides 13-22 Proposal B- Modern Streetcar along Congress St. Slides 23-28 Proposal C- Modern Streetcar Circulator and “Park Once” Strategy. Slides 29-32Saturday, September 15, 12
  3. 3. Augusta They Built it before... Lewiston Until the 1940s there were few places in Maine which could not be reached by streetcar. Powered by electricity generated in Brunswick-Bath local hydrodams, a comprehensive network of streetcars and “Interurbans”connected everything from regional commercial centers to the smallest farming communities. PortlandSaturday, September 15, 12
  4. 4. The growth of cities like Westbrook, Gorham and the outer districts in Portland followed the trolley lines as they reached as far as Lewiston, Biddeford and BrunswickSaturday, September 15, 12
  5. 5. A Wikipedia contributor created this modern map of how the trolley network would look today.Saturday, September 15, 12
  6. 6. Development concentrated along major streetcar junction hubs shaped Portland’s landscape up to the present Woodfords day. Corner Monument Square Wash./ Union Cumberland Station Bramhall Square Knightville SquareSaturday, September 15, 12
  7. 7. Cars Meeting on Spring St. At Bramhall SquareA Westbrook Bound Car Turning down Preble Turning Down Temple Street from Mounument Square Saturday, September 15, 12
  8. 8. Congress St. Activity in the 1920s http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-omYAwAWPIQE/TyLETxRWKBI/AAAAAAAAAM8/S5PhIgzQsQc/s640/CongressSt1918.jpgSaturday, September 15, 12
  9. 9. Saturday, September 15, 12
  10. 10. Trolley Tracks at Monument SquareSaturday, September 15, 12
  11. 11. By the 1940s the trolleys were replaced by busses.Planning has prioritized auto traffic ever since. Former Trolley Shed on St. John St. Currently the site of the Portland METRO Bus Garage 1972 Portland Master PlanSaturday, September 15, 12
  12. 12. Knightville Village in South Portland Knightville VillageToday Growth has been stagnant since the time of the trolleysSaturday, September 15, 12
  13. 13. They can build it again!Saturday, September 15, 12
  14. 14. Proposal A- Commercial Street Heritage Line 3.44 Miles 2.59 MilesSaturday, September 15, 12
  15. 15. Commercial St. Heritage Trolley Based on NelsonNygaard’s assessment of Commercial Street operations, the following elements describe how streetcar service could be installed. • By taking advantage of the wide Commercial Street right-of-way, a streetcar could be operated in the curb lane against the water-side sidewalk. •On-street parking would be converted to a parallel configuration with loading zones, and the center loading lane (former railroad tracks) would be eliminated. •With placement along the water’s edge, traffic conflicts would be eliminated and the streetcar alignment would be well-defined and easily accessible for riders. •The streetcar could operated from the terminal, connect with the diesel light rail, and eventually provide service to and beyond the Casco Bay Bridge. Excerpted From Portland Peninsula Transit Plan Nelson Nygaard Consulting Associates Inc-.Saturday, September 15, 12
  16. 16. Portland peninsula transit plan Streetcar service along the Commercial Street waterfront corridor would be visible for most Portland residents and visitors, though utilization would likely be limited to recreational and tourist uses.In the long-term, streetcar service could provide needed transit connections between future waterfront developments, existing transit services, the Casco Bay Lines terminal andpossibly as far as the Portland Transportation Center. However, in the near future, Commercial Street service would mostly serve only tourist traffic, as most of today’s primary trip patterns are oriented to andfrom the waterfront not along it. Therefore, a historic vehicle resurrecting Portland’s past system would be appropriate. Nonetheless, Red Zones showing two major the waterfront is becoming an increasingly developments, the Eastern Waterfront important destination for cross-peninsula Development and Thompson’s Point. movements, and a high level of activity is Both sites already contain present, especially north of Temple Street.- transportation terminals already. Nelson/Nygard Engineering Kenosha Wisconsin Population 99,000haSaturday, September 15, 12
  17. 17. Rendering of a Heritage Streetcar at Ocean Gateway *Original Ocean Gateway Photo Credit- Cory TempletonSaturday, September 15, 12
  18. 18. Case Studies A two-mile streetcar line recently opened in Kenosha, Wisconsin. K PARKING STREETCAR ROUTE The total cost was just $4 million, STREETCAR STOP A County Administration Building B Kenosha County Courthouse IJ H or $2 million per mile, including C Kenosha Area Convention & Visitors Bureau D Dinosaur Discovery Museum E Civic Center Park G five restored PCC streetcars. F U.S. Post Office G Kenosha Public Museum H Civil War Museum (Opens 2008) I Kenosha Municipal Building C Thats nearly half of the average B A cost of a new parking garage! J Veteranís Memorial Park K Kenosha History Center E F DSaturday, September 15, 12
  19. 19. Lowell Mass. is currently undergoing a study to expand an existing heritage streetcar line to better serve downtown regions. The streetcar system is planned in partnership with the SEASHORE TROLLEY MUSEUM OF KENNEBUNK-BIDDEFORD MAINESaturday, September 15, 12
  20. 20. The Seashore Trolley Museum was founded in 1939 with one open trolley car, No. 31 fromthe Biddeford & Saco Railroad Company. Over the years thousands of members havefollowed the founding fathers by helping the Museum grow to be the premier electricrailway museum in the world.Today, our collection contains over 250 transit vehicles, most of them trolleys, from all overthe United States, Canada, and many other countries. We are the oldest, and largestelectric railway museum in the world.The APTA Streetcar and Heritage Trolley Subcommittee (of the APTA Rail Committee) wasformed to promote the development of vintage/heritage trolley lines and modern streetcarlines in urban centers, to foster information exchange among those planning or operatingsuch lines, and to encourage reasonable technical and safety standards.As a member subcommittee, the Seashore Trolley Museum has helped a number ofheritage trolley operations by providing parts, historical reference, technical consulting,and safety/operational training. It is currently working very closely with the City of Lowell,Lowell National Historic Park, and Lowell Regional Transit Authority to plan a majorextension of the heritage trolley system.Saturday, September 15, 12
  21. 21. Other Heritage Lines and cost per mile Little Rock, Arkansas, a 2.1 mile line built for $7.1 million per mile, including three streetcars.9 LA Waterfront $4 million per mile San Pedro, California, a 1.5 mile line that recreates the old Pacific Electric “Red Cars” for $4 million per mile, including three streetcars, one Vintage and two Heritage. Tampa $13.7 million per mile Tampa, Florida, a 2.3 mile line built for $13.7 million per mile including eight Heritage streetcars. The cars themselves, replicas of 1920’s Birney streetcars, cost $600,000 each (compared to up to $3 million for a modern Light Rail Vehicle).Saturday, September 15, 12
  22. 22. City Urbanized Area Mode Cost per Passenger-Mile Population Memphis 972,100 Streetcar $2.26 Tampa 2,062,300 Streetcar $2.19 Seattle 2.712,200 Streetcar $3.47 Detroit 3,903,400 Rail AGT $6.75 Miami 4,919,000 AGT $3.02 Seattle 2.712,200 Monorail $1.1 Jacksonville 882,300 Monorail AGT $17.85Saturday, September 15, 12
  23. 23. Proposal B. Modern Streetcar Congress St. Extension 2.59 Miles+ 3.44 Miles= 6.03 MilesSaturday, September 15, 12
  24. 24. PORTLAND STREETCAR RESULTS • $3.5 billion in private investment. • 12,000 riders per day. • 10,000 new housing units. • This housing in high density reduces by 70 million the annual vehicle miles traveled in the region. • Density of DevelopmentSaturday, September 15, 12
  25. 25. Bicycle/Pedestrian Friendly DesignBicycle Lane with Streetcar Stop- Portland Ore. Streetcar Stop in Pedestrian Plaza- Portland Ore. Run-Through Trackage in Pedestrian Plaza- Portland Ore. Streetcar alignment through Pedestrian Plaza- Portland Ore.Saturday, September 15, 12
  26. 26. Original Track Alignment in Monument Square http://portlandmainehistory.blogspot.com/2012_01_01_archive.htmlSaturday, September 15, 12
  27. 27. Current alignment Possible alignment in in PSU Urban Monument Square CenterSaturday, September 15, 12
  28. 28. Rendering of Modern Streetcar on Monument SquareSaturday, September 15, 12
  29. 29. Circulator with multimodal gateways Bayside Gateway Thompson’s Commuter/University Point Bus Connections Gateway Park Once Facilities Intercity Bus/Rail to Boston, Brunswick, Bangor Ocean Park Once Facilities Gateway Ferries-Casco Bay Lines, Nova Scotia Cruise Liners Intercity Rail Portland North to Auburn- MontrealSaturday, September 15, 12
  30. 30. Downtown Real Estate Dedicated to The Cost of Parking Parking Downtown Portland has 15 Parking Garages and almost twice as many surface lots. The cost of building a parking garage is estimated to be roughly $7,000,000 each. Surface parking costs even more in the long run as it deprives the city of needed revenue. http://www.reedconstructiondata.com/rsmeans/models/garage/maine/portland/Saturday, September 15, 12
  31. 31. “Park Once”Parking Garages and Urban A “Park Once” strategy would concentrate construction of new parking Circulator facilities around dedicated multimodal gateways at critical points around the urban perimeter. This would maximize urban density within the peninsula and save on garage construction costs. Revenue generated from construction on lots formerly used for parking could be used to fund operations.Saturday, September 15, 12
  32. 32. Rendering of Modern Streetcar on Commercial St.Saturday, September 15, 12
  33. 33. Presented by carfree maine www.carfreemaine.org www.humblehackers.wikispaces.com facebook.com/carfreemaine flickr.com/user/carfreemaine youtube.com/user/carfreemaine @carfreemaine CarFree MaineSaturday, September 15, 12

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