Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle 2


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A Bible Study series by Br. Viji Roberts of New Life Bible Chapel, looking at the characteristics of the Tabernacle and its portrayal of Jesus Christ

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  • God is progressive in revelation of His truth. He always moves from the lower to the higher level. Moves from the ritual to the reality. Materials are given to us in two places. Ex 25:1-7 and Ex 35:4-9
  • The tabernacle proper was made of 48 acacia wood frames, which were traditionally referred to as boards or planks, these frames were ten cubits (15ft.) long and one and a half cubits (27") wide and one cubit (18") thick. For a long time the frames were thought of as being solid boards. The idea of solid boards is " exegetically and intrinsically inadmissible" according to the Dictionary of the Bible by Grant & Rowley. They explain that Exodus 26:15-17 contains several obscure technical terms but that a better translation of verse 15 would be " and thou shalt make the frames for the dwelling of acacia wood, two uprights (ev tenons) for each frame joined together by crossrails". This view was put forward by A.R.S. Kennedy as is seen in the Hastings Dictionary of the Bible in 1902 and is now generally accepted. However, there is a continuing open discussion as to whether they were solid boards or panels or a wooden framework consisting of skeleton panels or open frames and were plated with sheets of gold (Ex.26:16). Since acacia trees used for the wood do not grow any great size in the Sinai peninsula, no boards 27" wide would have been obtainable. The view that each side wall consisted of 20 panels or frames 15' x 27" x 9", is preferred. Each frame had two tenons (extensions beyond the bottom crossrail) at its foot to enter sockets made of silver. The acacia wood frame covered with Gold and the silver socket as described by A.R.S. Kennedy The interpretation of Exodus 26:22-25 has been and remains a problem, but the suggestion of a pair of frames fastened together at each corner of the west side or rear of the frame work. The thought is that they were sloping upward and inward from their own bases to just under the top crossrail. These frames would then form a projecting buttress to strengthen the corners and to take the folds in the curtains. However this is only possible on the assumption that the frames were a half cubit or nine inches in depth ( i.e. 6 x 1.5 = 9 cubits giving the six rear frames, plus 2 x .5 cubits depth of the sides making the 10 cubits in all ). But if the sides were a quarter of a cubit in depth (4.5"), then the eight frames that formed the rear would be like this, six frames identical in size to those on the side, being two and a half cubits wide. This leaves a 4.5" gap at each end at the rear of the tabernacle which would have been fill by a frame end on, therefore forming the buttress, sloping upward and inward as described above. Perhaps the outside sloping upright was double width there by tying off the corner.
  • Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle 2

    1. 1. That I may dwell among them… Ex 25:8 Part Two: Materials
    2. 2. Ex 25:9 &quot; Exactly as I show you concerning the pattern of the tabernacle, and of all its furniture, so you shall make it. <ul><li>Seven times the word pattern is used in referring to what is in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing left to the imagination of men </li></ul><ul><li>Make it a quest to learn what God has revealed </li></ul>
    3. 3. Materials Used: from three categories <ul><li>1. Mineral </li></ul><ul><li>Gold : Deity, divine, Kingly. Job 23:10; 1 Pet 1:7; 2 Peter 1:4; Rev 21:21-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Silver: Redemption, atonement, ransom. Ex 30:11-16; Zech 11:12-13; 1 Peter 1:18-20 </li></ul><ul><li>Brass: Strength, Judgment, God the Holy Spirit. Deut 28:13-23; Num 21:5-9; job 40:18; Is4:4; Rev 1:12-15 </li></ul><ul><li>Precious Stones: used on the priestly garments. Gifts of the Holy Spirit, glories of the saints, preciousness of God’s people. 1 Jn 5:6-11, Prov 17:8, 1 Cor 3:9-17, Rev 21: 18-20 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Materials Used: from three categories 2. Plant Fine Linen : Purity of Christ. Righteousness of saints. Rev 15:5-6 Shittim Wood: durable, incorruptible or non-decaying wood. Human nature of Christ, sinless humanity. Is 11:1-3, Jer 25: 5-6) Oil: Symbolic of the Holy Spirit. Light is the ministry of the illumination. 1 Jn 2:20, 27; Jn 1:41 Spices for Anointing oil: Ministry of the Holy Spirit. Spices are the graces, character, fruit and operations of the Spirit. Gal 5:22-23; SoS 4:16 Spices for Sweet Incense: Prayer that ascends up to the Lord. Ps 141:2; Lk 1:10; Rom 8:26-27; Rev 5:8
    5. 5. Materials Used: from three categories 3 Animal Blue ( shellfish ) : Heaven. Gospel of John: Lord from Heaven. Ex 24:10; Ezl 1:26; 1 Cor 15:47-49 Purple (shellfish) : Royalty and Kingship. Gospel of Mathew: King and the Kingdom. Jud 8:26; Lk 16:19; Jn 19:1-3 Scarlet (Worm or insect) : Color of Blood. Sacrifice. Redemptive work of Christ. Gospel of Mark: Servanthood. Lev 17:11, Is 1:18. Goat’s Hair: Used in Sin offering. Sin. Lev 4:22-29; Lev 16:15-16 Rams’ Skin dyed red: Consecration, dedication, substitution. Gen 22:13-14; Ex 29 Badger’s Skin : Not attractive or comeliness . Humanity of Christ. Is 52:14; 53: 1-3
    6. 6. Dimensions of the Tabernacle <ul><li>The Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>150 feet by 75 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Ex 27:18  The length of the </li></ul><ul><li>court [shall be] an hundred </li></ul><ul><li>cubits, and the breadth fifty </li></ul><ul><li>every where, </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Place </li></ul><ul><li>90 feet x 15 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Exodus 26:15-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Holy of Holies </li></ul><ul><li>15 x 15 x 15 feet </li></ul><ul><li>(10x10x10 cubits) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Holy of Holies and its increasing dimensions <ul><li>In the Tabernacle </li></ul><ul><li>10 x 10 x 10 Cubits </li></ul><ul><li>In the Temple ( 1 kings 6:20) </li></ul><ul><li>20 x 20 x 20 cubits </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:6) </li></ul><ul><li>1200 stadia x 1200 stadia x 1200 stadia </li></ul><ul><li>God constantly enlarges the place near Him, to accommodate His people, His redeemed ones. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a place of comfort sweet, Near to the heart of God. A place where we our Savior meet, Near to the heart of God . </li></ul>
    8. 8. Holy of Holies: The place of Worship <ul><li>Hebrews 10:19-20 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Therefore , brethren, since we have full freedom and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>to enter into the Holy of Holies </li></ul><ul><li>by the power and virtue in the blood of Jesus, </li></ul><ul><li>by this fresh and living way </li></ul><ul><li>which He initiated and dedicated and opened for us </li></ul><ul><li>through the separating curtain (veil of the Holy of Holies), that is, through His flesh, </li></ul><ul><li>and since we have such a great and wonderful and noble Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Who rules over the house of God, (a priest who rules) </li></ul><ul><li>Let us all come forward and draw near </li></ul><ul><li>with true ( honest and sincere ) hearts </li></ul><ul><li>in unqualified assurance and absolute conviction engendered by faith , </li></ul><ul><li>having our hearts sprinkled and purified from a guilty conscience </li></ul><ul><li>and our bodies cleansed with pure water .&quot; </li></ul>
    9. 9. End of Part Two <ul><li>Homework : </li></ul><ul><li>Ex 25 - 40 </li></ul>