Hair Makeup And Wardrobe

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This presentation was designed for a high school film production class - it provides a visual accompaniment to a lecture presentation on hair, makeup and wardrobe

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Hair Makeup And Wardrobe

  1. 1. Hair, Makeup, and Wardrobe Lecture prepared 11/28/08 by John M. Grace I.A.T.S.E. member and film instructor D.A.T.A. Charter High School Albuquerque, New Mexico
  2. 2. Hair, Makeup, and Wardrobe
  3. 3. Hair Stylist
  4. 4. Hair Stylist <ul><li>The set hair stylist dresses the actors’ hair according to a specific style, period, or character portrayal as requested by the director or key makeup artist. He/she questions patron or reads the script to determine hairdressing requirements. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hair Stylist <ul><li>The stylist studies facial features of the performing artist and arranges, shapes, and trims their hair to achieve the desired effect, using fingers, combs, blow dryers, barber scissors, hairpins, hair solutions, and other tools of the trade. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hair Stylist <ul><li>Further, the stylist dyes, tints, bleaches, curls and/or waves hair as required. He/she may also create a new style especially for the talent. They may also clean and style wigs or hairpieces and create and apply special adornments. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Set Make-up Technician
  8. 8. Set Make-up Technician
  9. 9. Set Make-up Technician <ul><li>A make-up artist creates makeup and prosthetics for theatrical, television, film, fashion, magazines and similar productions. In some cases, the title of Make-up Artist includes responsibilities of hair. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Set Make-up Technician <ul><li>Make-up artistry in general is not that well-paid, but a MUA can secure a high-paid position in the film industry when they have gathered an adequate resume. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Set Make-up Technician <ul><li>Make-up artists receive their training in several different ways; they can intern at a theater, they can assist a working make-up artist, or they can attend a school dedicated to teaching make-up artistry. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Set Make-up Technician <ul><li>Make-up artists are primarily self-employed (freelancers), but they may also be represented by an agency or employed by a production company. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fashion Make-up <ul><li>Fashion make-up is used in magazine photography as well as on the fashion runway. This branch of make-up design is often highly stylized and is usually focused on making the model or actor look as attractive as possible. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Theatrical Make-up <ul><li>Stage make-up is used in conjunction with stage lighting to highlight the actors' faces to make expressions visible to the audience from distances. This includes defining the eyes, lips, and highlighting the facial bones. </li></ul>
  15. 15. High Definition Make-up <ul><li>This strategy for filming offers a new challenge to make-up artists; the extremely sharp resolution of the filming technique requires a new level of coverage needed on a person's face in order to minimize flaws. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Airbrushing Make-up <ul><li>An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media including paint and silicone based makeup by a process of nebulization. The earliest record of airbrushed makeup dates back to the 1925 film Ben-Hur. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Airbrushing Make-up <ul><li>Airbrush has recently been re-popularized by the advent of Hi-Definition. Liquid Foundations are high in coverage but thin in texture and are applied with the airbrush for full coverage without a heavy build-up of product. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Special Effects Makeup <ul><li>The use of special effects make-up can be found in all possible areas of make-up and includes all blood and gore make-up techniques as well as fantasy make-up and the use of prosthetics. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Special Effects Makeup <ul><li>This area often becomes a much more complicated process as plaster casting and other crafts are needed to complete the make-up. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Special Effects Makeup Lars Carlsson
  21. 21. Special Effects Makeup Rick Baker
  22. 22. Special Effects Makeup Planet of the Apes
  23. 23. Special Effects Makeup Cat in the Hat
  24. 24. Special Effects Makeup
  25. 25. Special Effects Makeup Dawn of the Dead
  26. 26. Special Effects Makeup
  27. 27. Wardrobe - Costume Designer <ul><li>The Costume Designer is responsible for designing, planning, organizing, and creating all the clothing and costumes worn by the actors that appear on screen including the fabric, colors, and sizes. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Wardrobe - Costume Designer <ul><li>The Costume Designer works closely with the director to understand and interpret &quot;character&quot;, and counsels with the production designer to achieve an overall tone of the film. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Wardrobe - Costume Supervisor <ul><li>The Costume Supervisor works closely with the Costume Designer. In addition to helping with costume design, he/she manages the wardrobe workspace. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Wardrobe - Costume Supervisor <ul><li>Further, the Costume Supervisor is responsible for supervising the construction or sourcing of garments, the hiring and firing of support staff, the budget, paperwork, and department logistics. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Wardrobe - Key Costumer <ul><li>The Key Costumer is employed on larger productions to manage the set costumers, and to handle the Star or Star's wardrobe needs. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Wardrobe - Costume Standby <ul><li>The Costume Standby (also known as the set costumer) is on the set at all times to monitor the quality and continuity of the costumes before and during takes. (S)he also assists the actors and actresses with dressing. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Wardrobe - Art Finisher <ul><li>During the pre-production stage, the Art Finisher is employed to &quot;break down&quot; garments. This includes making new clothing appear dirty, faded and worn. They are also known as ‘breakdown artists’. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Wardrobe - Costume Buyer <ul><li>On large productions, a Buyer may be employed to locate and purchase fabrics and garments. When the lead actor has control over their wardrobe, they may request and sometimes personally hire this person. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Wardrobe - Cutter/Fitter <ul><li>The cutter/fitter, often called seamstresses or tailors, fit and custom- tailor costumes on-set. Larger productions and period films often have several on set to make spot alterations to complicated wardrobes. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Maximus Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>Costume designer Janty Yates and her team created more than 10,000 individual costumes, including 12 versions of Russell Crowe's armor (to account for various stages of wear, and for use by stunt doubles). </li></ul>
  37. 38. Lucilla Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>Wardrobe supervisor Rosemary Burrows was responsible for setting up &quot;wardrobe villages&quot; - a space for 2,000 extras to dress and have their hair and makeup done daily. This included mud baths for soldiers, who needed a coat of battle grit. </li></ul>
  38. 39. Maximus Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>The battle between the Roman Legions and the Germanic army was staged in a forest near Farnham, England, which involved the shooting of 26,000 arrows. Armorer, Simon Atherton, and his team designed and built over 2,500 weapons. </li></ul>
  39. 40. Commodus Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>The film's more than 300 construction technicians re-created the Roman Colosseum by building the first tier (one-third of the circumference of the 2,000-year-old original by 52 feet high). Computer graphic imaging added the remaining tiers. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Maximus Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>The production had a budget of approximately $103 million, much of which was used for computer effects. </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 extras appear in the Colosseum scenes and another 33,000 were added via computer during postproduction. </li></ul>
  41. 42. Marcus Aurelius Wardrobe - Gladiator <ul><li>When co-star Oliver Reed died tragically of a heart attack late in shooting, more than $3 million was spent to digitally insert him into scenes by scanning a 3-D image of Reed into the computer, and digitally compositing his head onto a body double. </li></ul>

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