2011 12-09 standardization standards and inovation

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Delivered to undergraduate engineering students at University of Manchester in December 2011

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2011 12-09 standardization standards and inovation

  1. 1. Standardization, Standards, InnovationNewell Hampson-Jones,Education Sector Representative, British Standards Institution7th December, 2011Produced in Collaboration with:Dr Robert HeinemannUniversity of Manchester
  2. 2. 2What are standards?
  3. 3. Before Standardization 3• c. 3000 BC – c. 1500 BC Indus Valley Civilization  First to develop uniform weights and measures• c. 80–70 BC – c. 15 BC Marcus Vitruvius Pollio  ‘The first engineer’• 1215 Magna Carta  Clause 35 established consistent measures
  4. 4. 4 The Birth of Standardization • Industrial Revolution • 1841 – Sir Joseph Whitworth • 1850 onwards – The birth of the railways • 1895 – Henry Skelton • 1901 – Sir John Wolfe-BarryImage: Tom Curtis / FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  5. 5. 5 History of BSI Renamed BSI 1931 Kitemark introduced First Standards BS 1 published First laboratories opened 1903 19591900 2010 1901 1946 Engineering Standards Founder member of ISO Committee founded in London 1964 1929 Founder Member of Granted Royal Charter CEN & CENELEC
  6. 6. 6 Types of Standard Int’l Standards (ISO) European Standards (EN) Co e Tim ntr British Standards (BS) ol Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) Private Standards Corporate Technical SpecificationsLow High
  7. 7. 7The Standardization Process• Proposal for new work• Project acceptance• Drafting• Public Comment• Approval• Publication• Review
  8. 8. European Committee forStandardization (CEN) • European standards body • Differences in process • Adoption by Weighted vote
  9. 9. International Organization forStandardization (ISO) • International (global) standards body • One member, one vote. • Final Draft International Standard
  10. 10. Standards andInnovation Picture source: http://www.chinaiceberg.com/about/attachment/berg0013
  11. 11. Standards and Innovative Research Standards in the research and innovation process, by Blind & Gauch Blind, K.., Gauch, S., (2007). “Standardization Benefits Researchers.” Wissenschaftsmanagement Special, 2007 (2), pp. 16-17
  12. 12. Using Standards to Design & Engineer InnovationBakal’s typical stages both software and hardware teams use for analysis, design, implementation, and testing. Bakal, M., (2011). Challenges and Opportunities For The Medical Device Industry: Meeting The New IEC 62304 Standard RTC, [online] Available at:<http://rtcmagazine.com/articles/view/102203>.
  13. 13. Using Standards to Design & Engineer Innovation
  14. 14. 14Testing and CertificationTesting Certification• Snapshot in time • More than just a test or quality control system• Susceptible to golden sampling • Many certification and testing bodies in the UK• “The sample submitted complied with the • UKAS ( requirements of EN United Kingdom Accreditation Se XXXX” )
  15. 15. Using Standards to Design & Engineer Innovation
  16. 16. CE and the Kitemark®CE Mark Kitemark is… • Owned exclusively by BSI• Conformity to New Approach • Issued under Licence Directives • 3rd party voluntary mark of quality and safety• Not a quality mark The Process• Mandatory in the EU • Pre-Audit visit• BSI cannot give authority to • Initial Assessment visit apply the CE marking • Type Testing of new product• It is illegal to use the CE • Initial assessment report marking on a product that is outside the scope of all the • Award of Kitemark New Approach directives. • Continuing assessment visits • Audit testing
  17. 17. Using Standards to Design & Engineer Innovation
  18. 18. …could Standards have saved the Titanic? Source:http://codyrapol.com/internet/images/it-wasnt-an-iceberg-that-sank-the-titanic/
  19. 19. Useful Standards to Follow
  20. 20. 20How Can You Get Involved?• Become a Committee member• Become a Consumer & Public Interest representative• Join BSI• Join the British Standards Society• Become a BSI author• Standards Development & Standards Proposal websites
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 25How Can You Get Involved?• Become a Committee member• Become a Consumer & Public Interest representative• Join BSI• Join the British Standards Society• Become a BSI author• Standards Development & Standards Proposal websites• Become a user of standards  Standards and publications  Self-assessment tools  British Standards Online (BSOL)
  23. 23. 26Contact Name: Newell Hampson-Jones Title: Education Sector Representative Address: BSI 389 Chiswick High Road London W4 4AL Telephone: 020 8996 7227 / 07767 886 713 Email: newell.hampson-jones@bsigroup.com Links: www.bsigroup.com / www.bsieducation.org

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