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2011 10-26 standards and standardization


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Delivered to undergraduate engineering students at Edinburgh Napier University in November 2011

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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2011 10-26 standards and standardization

  1. 1. 2What are standards?
  2. 2. Before Standardization 3• c. 3000 BC – c. 1500 BC Indus Valley Civilization – First to develop uniform weights and measures• c. 80–70 BC – c. 15 BC Marcus Vitruvius Pollio – ‘The first engineer’• 1215 Magna Carta – Clause 35 established consistent measures
  3. 3. 4 The Birth of Standardization • Industrial Revolution • 1841 – Sir Joseph Whitworth • 1850 onwards – The birth of the railways • 1895 – Henry Skelton • 1901 – Sir John Wolfe-BarryImage: Tom Curtis /
  4. 4. 5 History of BSI Renamed BSI 1931 Kitemark introduced First Standards BS 1 published First laboratories opened 1903 19591900 2010 1901 1946 Engineering Standards Founder member of ISO Committee founded in London 1964 1929 Founder Member of Granted Royal Charter CEN & CENELEC
  5. 5. 6 Types of Standard Int’l Standards (ISO) European Standards (EN) Co e Tim ntr British Standards (BS) ol Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) Private Standards Corporate Technical SpecificationsLow High
  6. 6. 7 The Standardization Process• Proposal for new work• Project acceptance• Drafting• Public Comment• Approval• Publication• Review
  7. 7. European Committee forStandardization (CEN) • European standards body • Differences in process • Adoption by Weighted vote
  8. 8. International Organization forStandardization (ISO) • International (global) standards body • One member, one vote. • Final Draft International Standard
  9. 9. Standards andinnovative ideas Picture source:
  10. 10. Source:
  11. 11. Standards and innovative research Standards in the research and innovation process, by Blind & Gauch Blind, K.., Gauch, S., (2007). “Standardization Benefits Researchers.” Wissenschaftsmanagement Special, 2007 (2), pp. 16-17
  12. 12. Bakal’s typical stages both software and hardware teams use for analysis, design, implementation, and testing. Bakal, M., (2011). Challenges and Opportunities For The Medical Device Industry: Meeting The New IEC 62304 Standard RTC, [online] Available at:<>.
  13. 13. Concept Validation of the innovation Operation & maintenance New Standards? Quality Time Requirements & architecture Launch Terminology MeasurementDetailed design Integration & testing Measurement Testing Design Compatibility Building/creating Interface Product Specific
  14. 14. 15 Testing and CertificationTesting Certification• Snapshot in time • More than just a test• Susceptible to or quality control system golden sampling • Many certification and• “The sample testing bodies in the UK submitted complied • UKAS ( with the requirements United Kingdom Accreditation of EN XXXX” )
  15. 15. Concept Validation of the innovation Operation & maintenance New Standards? Quality Time Requirements & architecture Launch Terminology MeasurementDetailed Design Integration & testing Measurement Testing Design Compatibility Building/Creating Interface Product Specific
  16. 16. CE and the Kitemark® Kitemark is…CE Mark • Owned exclusively by BSI • Issued under Licence• • A 3rd party voluntary mark of quality CE mark demonstrates conformity to essential requirements of all and safety• applicable New Approach Directives The CE marking is not a quality The Process mark; • Pre-Audit visit• The CE marking is mandatory in the • Initial Assessment visit EU; • Type Testing of new product• BSI cannot give authority to apply • Scheme Manager reviews, ‘Type Test’ the CE marking; results and initial assessment report• It is illegal to use the CE marking on a product that is outside the scope of • Award of Kitemark all the New Approach directives. • Continuing assessment visits • Audit testing
  17. 17. Type of standard Example Standards Committee Terminology BS 6100-3:2007 Building and civil engineering. B/500/-/1 Terminology Vocabulary. Civil engineering. General Measurement BS 2856:1973 Precise conversion of inch and TDW/4 Technical Product Realization metric sizes on engineering drawings Design BS 8888 Technical product specification TDW/4/8 Technical Product Realization - BS (Currently in development) 8888 Technical product specification Interface BS EN ISO 24503:2011 Ergonomics. Accessible PH/9 Applied ergonomics design. Tactile dots and bars on consumer products Compatibility BS EN 54-13:2005 Fire detection and fire alarm FSH/12/1 Installation and servicing systems. Compatibility assessment of system components Testing BS ISO 16269 Statistical interpretation of data SS/2 Statistical Interpretation of Data Quality BS EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management QS/1 Quality management and quality assurance systems. Requirements procedures New Standard? Through the Standards Development web portal, anyone can propose a new work item. Product Specific Standards that would specifically apply to the product or industry the product will service. E.g. Eurocodes.
  18. 18. British Standards Online… British Standards Online
  19. 19. 20
  20. 20. 21 Contact Name: Newell Hampson-Jones Title: Education Sector Representative Address: BSI 389 Chiswick High Road London W4 4ALTelephone: 020 8996 7227 / 07767 886 713 Email: Links: /