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1

Love cycling Go Dutch

Planning urban development- think
people, think bike in the Netherlands
How to integrate biking ...
2

Structure: how to…
 1) More then cycle infrastructure!
 2) Urban trends: more cycling to come!
 3)The example of Utr...
3

1


More then cycle
infrastructure
4

Policy: spatial planning

1950

1960

2e No
t
groei a RO:
stede
n

1970

1980

3e No
t
groei a RO:
kerne
n

1990

2000
...
5

The ‘vinex’ developments (1990 – 2010)
based on cycling!
 Concentrating new urban developments
around the cities; enfo...
6

And in the residential areas, Houten cycling city
7

School areas

Hart
8

Policy: shopping, schools, medical
care in the neigbourhood
9

Policy: sustainable road safety
10

2


Urban trends: more cyling to
come!
11

The revival of the city: attractiveness
as a economic tool
 Winners: historical inercities,
mixed areas, high ‘experi...
12

Trends: new urban inhabitants
-

Young families
Highly educated
Urban lifestyle
13

Trends: new urban inhabitants in
‘Zuid’ and ‘West’, not in ‘noord’.
14

Trends: healthy living

Effects on health of cycling regularly (Univ.Utrecht):
+ 250 dgn more by fysical exercise
-

2...
15

Some facts
In Amsterdam:
1990: bikeshare 33%, cars 39%
2010: bikeshare 47% cars 31%
1990: 6% bike to station
2010: 40%...
16

Trends: more cycling!





Revival of the city, new inhabitants
Healthy living
Sustainability: rising costs of mob...
17

3


The example of Utrecht: giving the
city back to the people!
18

This is Utrecht

Uit: Magazine Utrecht Stad van Kennis & Cultuu

“City of knowledge and
culture”
19

Protests to enlarging the Ringroad
(national project)
20

Air-quality enforces hard measures but no
solutions
21

No more newtowns;
but intensifiing the city leads to more traffic

Locaties uit het Stadsdebat Dynamisch Stedelijk Mas...
22

New deal: making Utrecht no 1 cycling city
Collegeprogramma Mobiliteit
 “Dit college gaat van Utrecht de OV- en fiets...
23

Utrecht Attractive and Attainable
(2030 ten opzichte van 2010)
24

Redistributing the public space!
Road capacity (TU Delft, people per lane of 3,5 m)
25
26

3 mobility environments

A
B
C
27

3 mobility environments

A
B
C
28

Car-acces: giving people choices

A
B
C

C

B

A
29

The principles of the A-environment
 Attractivity as a leading principle
 Reducing car traffic, destination only
 R...
30
31
32

ar
re
he
“t

es
ik
b
e

ve
e

he
yw
r

e”
r
33
34
35
36

Streets for people
37

4
Cycle-highways in to the



city
38
39

Sterroutes Den Haag
F12 en F44 – C-zone
40

Accessibility/Economy The
Hague

E-bikes go 50% to 75% faster, widening the catchment area by 75%.
41

Change of modal choice

100

fiets

90

auto

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
tot 2.5 km

2.5-3.7 km

3.7-5 km

5-7.5 km

7....
42

B –environment: Urban solutions
43

Next to main road or through
the neighborhoods?
44

Attractive cycling roads as a tool

Route 1 Leidseweg

Route 2 Weg der VN
45

Attractive cycling roads as a tool
 Route 1 = 1,8 km
 Route 2 = 1,6 km

 82% choses route 1
 15% choses route 2
Reden

Leukste/prettigste
/mooiste

Sneller in tijd

Korter in afstand

Percentage

46

Reden keuze route

70

60

50

40
...
47
Verdeling ingeschatte reistijd
10
9
8
7
Aantal

6
5
4
3
2
1
0
5

6

7

8

10

Ingeschatte reistijd in minuten

15

20
48

Cycle-streets (width 4 meter)
49

Roundabout: nonstop
50
51

Urban-environment: quality of places
52

Principles of the urban environment
(B)
Cycling highways: attractive, fast and safe
No massive carroads (max 15.000 pe...
53

Suburban environments (C)
54
55
56

Principles of the C-environment
 Keeping bicycles away from the
carenvironment
 Cycling highways: fast and easy
 Ca...
57

Cycle highways: using railwaytracks
Width profile: minimum 4 x 1 meter = 4 m
(speed 10 – 40 km/h)
58

Design: Priority Cycleway along the railway
59

Meeliften: Hanzespoorlijn Zwolle
60

Attractive view -> water
old railway – San Remo Italy
61

Own Identity
( F35 in 2011 in Twente NL)
62

Intersections
source : www.fietssnelwegen.nl
63

Nonstop in 2 levels
64

Taking cycling to the next level





Giving the city back to the people
Attractiveness as a leading principle
Red...
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Bas Govers

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Bas Govers, Goudappel Coffeng

Love Cycling Go Dutch Conference
Newcastle, 5 November 2013

Workshop 4: Planning new developments - think people, think bicycle

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
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Bas Govers

  1. 1. 1 Love cycling Go Dutch Planning urban development- think people, think bike in the Netherlands How to integrate biking in our cities and urban developments? 5 november 2013 Newcastle Bas Govers bgovers@goudappel.nl
  2. 2. 2 Structure: how to…  1) More then cycle infrastructure!  2) Urban trends: more cycling to come!  3)The example of Utrecht: giving the city back to the people  4) Cycle highways ▪ The power of highways ▪ Solutions in a urban environment ▪ Solutions in a suburban environment  5) Conclusions
  3. 3. 3 1  More then cycle infrastructure
  4. 4. 4 Policy: spatial planning 1950 1960 2e No t groei a RO: stede n 1970 1980 3e No t groei a RO: kerne n 1990 2000 VINE X: wijke n 2010
  5. 5. 5 The ‘vinex’ developments (1990 – 2010) based on cycling!  Concentrating new urban developments around the cities; enforcing the level of service in the city  Large enough for elementary daily services on a short distance (5.000 houses)  Full separation from the main carstructures  Around railway-stations; bike and PTfacilities  On cycling-distance from the city
  6. 6. 6 And in the residential areas, Houten cycling city
  7. 7. 7 School areas Hart
  8. 8. 8 Policy: shopping, schools, medical care in the neigbourhood
  9. 9. 9 Policy: sustainable road safety
  10. 10. 10 2  Urban trends: more cyling to come!
  11. 11. 11 The revival of the city: attractiveness as a economic tool  Winners: historical inercities, mixed areas, high ‘experiencevalue’  Utrecht, Groningen, Maastricht, Den Haag, Rotterdam, Amsterdam (Centrum, De Pijp, Oud-West)  Losers: suburban areas, monofunctional offices and shoppingcentres ▪ Almere, Purmerend, Zoetermeer, Spijkenisse
  12. 12. 12 Trends: new urban inhabitants - Young families Highly educated Urban lifestyle
  13. 13. 13 Trends: new urban inhabitants in ‘Zuid’ and ‘West’, not in ‘noord’.
  14. 14. 14 Trends: healthy living Effects on health of cycling regularly (Univ.Utrecht): + 250 dgn more by fysical exercise - 2 dgn less by risk of accidents 10 dgn less by poor air-quality
  15. 15. 15 Some facts In Amsterdam: 1990: bikeshare 33%, cars 39% 2010: bikeshare 47% cars 31% 1990: 6% bike to station 2010: 40% bike to station In Utrecht: 22.000 parkingplaces for bikes In the stationsarea in 2020
  16. 16. 16 Trends: more cycling!     Revival of the city, new inhabitants Healthy living Sustainability: rising costs of mobility ‘Experience’ and ‘attactiveness as an economic tool Conclusion: ▪ Intensifiing cities ▪ Need for attractive environments ▪ Cycling is playing a key role How can we manage this? Let’s have a closer look at Utrecht
  17. 17. 17 3  The example of Utrecht: giving the city back to the people!
  18. 18. 18 This is Utrecht Uit: Magazine Utrecht Stad van Kennis & Cultuu “City of knowledge and culture”
  19. 19. 19 Protests to enlarging the Ringroad (national project)
  20. 20. 20 Air-quality enforces hard measures but no solutions
  21. 21. 21 No more newtowns; but intensifiing the city leads to more traffic Locaties uit het Stadsdebat Dynamisch Stedelijk Masterplan (www.stadsdebatutrecht.nl)
  22. 22. 22 New deal: making Utrecht no 1 cycling city Collegeprogramma Mobiliteit  “Dit college gaat van Utrecht de OV- en fietsstad van Nederland maken”  “…om de stad ook in de toekomst duurzaam bereikbaar te houden”  “…aantrekkelijke alternatieven voor de automobiliteit van, naar en binnen Utrecht”  “Een schaalsprong in het openbaar vervoer is daarbij een even onvermijdelijk als wenselijk perspectief”  “…samen met het Rijk, het bestuur regio Utrecht (BRU) en de NS”  “Voor een gezonde, leefbare en duurzame ruimte neemt het college maatregelen die alternatieven bieden voor de huidige groei van de automobiliteit”
  23. 23. 23 Utrecht Attractive and Attainable (2030 ten opzichte van 2010)
  24. 24. 24 Redistributing the public space! Road capacity (TU Delft, people per lane of 3,5 m)
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26 3 mobility environments A B C
  27. 27. 27 3 mobility environments A B C
  28. 28. 28 Car-acces: giving people choices A B C C B A
  29. 29. 29 The principles of the A-environment  Attractivity as a leading principle  Reducing car traffic, destination only  Redistributing public space  from cardominated parking ring to attractive cycling ring  Redesigning the barriers for cyclists  In the innercity: cycling for destination
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. 32 ar re he “t es ik b e ve e he yw r e” r
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. 36 Streets for people
  37. 37. 37 4 Cycle-highways in to the  city
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. 39 Sterroutes Den Haag F12 en F44 – C-zone
  40. 40. 40 Accessibility/Economy The Hague E-bikes go 50% to 75% faster, widening the catchment area by 75%.
  41. 41. 41 Change of modal choice 100 fiets 90 auto 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 tot 2.5 km 2.5-3.7 km 3.7-5 km 5-7.5 km 7.5-10 km 10 km > Beoogde verschuiving
  42. 42. 42 B –environment: Urban solutions
  43. 43. 43 Next to main road or through the neighborhoods?
  44. 44. 44 Attractive cycling roads as a tool Route 1 Leidseweg Route 2 Weg der VN
  45. 45. 45 Attractive cycling roads as a tool  Route 1 = 1,8 km  Route 2 = 1,6 km  82% choses route 1  15% choses route 2
  46. 46. Reden Leukste/prettigste /mooiste Sneller in tijd Korter in afstand Percentage 46 Reden keuze route 70 60 50 40 30 Route 1 Route 2 20 10 0
  47. 47. 47 Verdeling ingeschatte reistijd 10 9 8 7 Aantal 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 5 6 7 8 10 Ingeschatte reistijd in minuten 15 20
  48. 48. 48 Cycle-streets (width 4 meter)
  49. 49. 49 Roundabout: nonstop
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. 51 Urban-environment: quality of places
  52. 52. 52 Principles of the urban environment (B) Cycling highways: attractive, fast and safe No massive carroads (max 15.000 per day) Only inside-ringroad traffic allowed Attractive boulevards, spatial continuity Balance of modes: easy crossing in the whole area  Quality of places     
  53. 53. 53 Suburban environments (C)
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. 56 Principles of the C-environment  Keeping bicycles away from the carenvironment  Cycling highways: fast and easy  Car-, PT and biking structures on separate tracks  In centres: quality of public spaces
  57. 57. 57 Cycle highways: using railwaytracks Width profile: minimum 4 x 1 meter = 4 m (speed 10 – 40 km/h)
  58. 58. 58 Design: Priority Cycleway along the railway
  59. 59. 59 Meeliften: Hanzespoorlijn Zwolle
  60. 60. 60 Attractive view -> water old railway – San Remo Italy
  61. 61. 61 Own Identity ( F35 in 2011 in Twente NL)
  62. 62. 62 Intersections source : www.fietssnelwegen.nl
  63. 63. 63 Nonstop in 2 levels
  64. 64. 64 Taking cycling to the next level     Giving the city back to the people Attractiveness as a leading principle Redistribution of public space: A, B, C Clear principles for car traffic ▪ A: no trough-traffic; car as guest ▪ B: no high intensities; balance ▪ C: seperate structures

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