Library catalogues – mainly for books, both at Newcastle and elsewhere – also includes PhD theses and journal titles (but not at article level)Bibliographic databases – include refs to journal articles and conference papers, include abstracts but not usually full-textEJournal collections – full-text access to EJs – limited by publisherEBooks – sometimes offer value-added interactivity toolsStandardsInternet sources (with care!)
BIO1010 Finding good qualityMST8011: academic informationFinding andManagingacademicinformation Moira Bent Faculty Liaison Librarian
Information overload? Experimental data Maps Books Internet E-BooksGovernment reports Chemic Informatio al and n physical resources data JournalCommercial material Theses articles Conf Papers Digital images Statistical data
Don’t sinkunder theweight of alltheinformation!
Having a search strategy keeps youafloat • Main • Logical terms approach • Related • Use proper terms strategies • Synonym Search Keywords s Techniques Limits Info type • How much? • Primary data • What date? • Secondary • How quickly? sources • Which • Maps/images language
Search techniques Use AND, OR and NOT to make logical connections biodiversity AND fish sea OR ocean OR marine Use truncation Conserv*finds conserve, conservation, conserving (and also conservatory!)
LibrarySearch is a good place tostart Includes the library catalogue and a range of electronic resources Full & mobile views
Use Library Search To find printed books in the Library To find electronic books To get a general overview of a topic To find a few journal references for an essayDON’T rely on Library Search as the only source –not all our resources are included.
Journal articles Report original academic research Published in academic (high-quality) journals – published regularly Up to date More detailed than books – can be very technical Peer-reviewed for quality (by other academics / experts in the field) Available in Print and / or Electronic formats Types of regular publication • Academic / trade / magazines / newspapers / professional
Use databases to trace journal articlesDatabases are: Collections of references and full text articles International in scope Subject specific Essential for academic research Expensive resources
LibrarySearch is fab!Why use specific databases? Proquest Unique content for biology Search in images, figures and tables Use taxonomic terms Set search alerts Scopus Unique content for biology Set search alerts Search within results To download results to EndNote
Use your Library Guide to identify key databases:libguides.ncl.ac.uk/biology
Our electronic RAS – Remote Applicationresources are Service https://ras.ncl.ac.uk/available anytime, anywhere Use Library Resources folder Library Web pages & Library Guide for Marine
Finding websites http://www.intute.ac.uk • Portal to quality information on the internet • Resources selected by subject experts • Provided for UK academic community http://scholar.google.co.uk/ • Google’s search engine for academic literature http://www.scirus.com • Scientific search engine – filters out non-scientific sites
Referencing: boring but important Makes clear what your own ideas are – this is what you get marks for! It’s good academic practice It helps you track down the info again in future Avoids accusations of plagiarism
School of Biology guidelinesAuthor-date style refer to a source by author’s surname and publication year in the text. (Bent 2009) Alphabetical list of references in the bibliographyCheck the Guidelines for Presentation of Written Workfor full details.
School of Biology style Journal Stockdale, E (2003) How to keep first year students awake. Education today 34:122-134. Book Bent, M (2002) The psychology of eating, Facet, London. Web site Park, J, Finn, J, Cooke, R, Lawson, C (2008) Agriculture and the environment: the current situation. University of Reading. http://www.ecifm.reading.ac.uk/subject2.htm Accessed 1 Dec 2008
Citing in an essay Research has shown that giving students chocolate helps them to concentrate (Stockdale, 2003). Bent (2002 p 45) also claims that “chocolate reduces stress”. It therefore seems appropriate that universities provide chocolate fountains in all halls of residence. References Bent, M (2002) The psychology of eating, Facet, London. Stockdale, E (2003) How to keep first year students awake. Education today 34:122-134.
What do you do with all the references youfind? Keep a record as you search Saves time later what was that big red book I read? Allows you to build on previous work I’m sure I found a good article last year Creates accurate citations Easy marks No chance of plagiarism
EndNoteCreate your personal EndNote “Library”• Enter references manually• Download the results of online searches• Add images, files and PDFsOrganise the information• Sort and search your Library• Label and group referencesCite your references in Word• Choose your citation “style”• Create formatted bibliographies
HelpEndNote web pages http://www.ncl.ac.uk/library/endnoteEndNote workshops First Thursday @11.30-1.00EndNote surgeries Tues@ 1.00, Thurs @ 12.00EndNote helpline firstname.lastname@example.orgEndNote blog http://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/Endnote_Users Access EX5 • On clusters and RAS • EndNote Web • Personal copy £77 Download the workbook: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/library/teaching/endnote/
Things to do Download the Explore the handouts Biology under the Library Guide Resources tab Download the EndNote workbook or book onto a workshop