Sentence Frames toPromote CriticalThinking & AccessBackgroundKnowledgeMelissa DaPonte Katz, Ed.M.MATSOL 2013
● Terms sometimes used interchangeably● Both valuable for ELLsSentence Stemsvs.Sentence FramesWhich is it?
Sentence Stemsgenerally encourage students to completea thought in an open-ended way●If I had three wishes...●My favorite ...
Sentence Framesteach language patterns and providethe linguistic structure to speak or writeabout a topic or concept● One ...
Why Use Frames?Academic Proficiency● Provide structural supports for thinking, speakingand writing, quickly moving ELLs be...
Why Use Frames?Language Proficiency● Provide linguistic scaffolding to balancecognitive demands with language demands● Ena...
Benefits● Enable teachers to model what a goodresponse looks like● Help students make meaning by tyingideas together
Using Frames With Visual Aids
Benefits of FramesStudent Perspective● Bring ELLs into the discussion from thebeginning● Build confidence & decrease anxie...
How can I Include Frames inMy ESL setting?● Push-in: Portable sentence strips or fold-out display board● Classroom: Langua...
Building Bridges to WhatStudents KnowDespite all they bring, ELLs typically have:● Decreased opportunities to discuss topi...
Introducing Vocabulary
How Can I Integrate FramesInto My Lesson Plans?Sentence frames can be used● across content areas● during partner work: "Tu...
Using Frames With GraphicOrganizers and Other Visuals● With visuals, students may get theconcept, but are they able to art...
Introducing Vocabulary
Background Knowledge● Introduce new vocabulary by linking tobackground knowledge
Introducing Vocabulary
Introducing Vocabulary
Reader Response●Students respond to text whiledemonstrating key comprehension skillsand strategies
Before Reading: Turn & Talk to Predict &Connect
After Reading: Turn & Talk, Author’sPurpose
After Reading: Determine Genre WithPartners
Go Back to Text: Give Genre Details
Cause & Effect: Find Examples in the Text
Compare & Contrast With Partners
Additional ResourcesLiteracyMalden●http://literacymalden.wikispaces.com/Oral+Language (contains list of stemsand frames)●h...
Presenter InformationI hold an Ed.M. from the Harvard GraduateSchool of Education and a B.A. in Writing. Icurrently teach ...
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MATSOL Presentation - Sentence Frames

  1. 1. Sentence Frames toPromote CriticalThinking & AccessBackgroundKnowledgeMelissa DaPonte Katz, Ed.M.MATSOL 2013
  2. 2. ● Terms sometimes used interchangeably● Both valuable for ELLsSentence Stemsvs.Sentence FramesWhich is it?
  3. 3. Sentence Stemsgenerally encourage students to completea thought in an open-ended way●If I had three wishes...●My favorite animal is...●My ideal vacation would be...
  4. 4. Sentence Framesteach language patterns and providethe linguistic structure to speak or writeabout a topic or concept● One similararity between _____ and_____ is _____. One difference between_____ and ______ is _____.
  5. 5. Why Use Frames?Academic Proficiency● Provide structural supports for thinking, speakingand writing, quickly moving ELLs beyond “thebasics” to higher-order thought processes● Elevate class discussions● Promote oral language development, whichplays a key role in reading comprehension
  6. 6. Why Use Frames?Language Proficiency● Provide linguistic scaffolding to balancecognitive demands with language demands● Enable students to see the patterns inlanguage● Help students build internal templates forexpressive language (not a crutch)
  7. 7. Benefits● Enable teachers to model what a goodresponse looks like● Help students make meaning by tyingideas together
  8. 8. Using Frames With Visual Aids
  9. 9. Benefits of FramesStudent Perspective● Bring ELLs into the discussion from thebeginning● Build confidence & decrease anxiety about beingcalled on and knowing what to say● Allow students to focus on the content andconcepts and on the background knowledgethey bring
  10. 10. How can I Include Frames inMy ESL setting?● Push-in: Portable sentence strips or fold-out display board● Classroom: Language posted on walls● Both: Small sheet taped your ELLs desksor notebook
  11. 11. Building Bridges to WhatStudents KnowDespite all they bring, ELLs typically have:● Decreased opportunities to discuss topics inEnglish and hear associated vocabulary andsentence structures outside of school● Decreased opportunities to connect what theyalready know (background knowledge) to topicsraised at school
  12. 12. Introducing Vocabulary
  13. 13. How Can I Integrate FramesInto My Lesson Plans?Sentence frames can be used● across content areas● during partner work: "Turn-and-Talk"● for prompts in writing journals● activation or closing activity (ticket out)● assessment: determine understanding of acomplex concept or skill withoutinterference from language differences
  14. 14. Using Frames With GraphicOrganizers and Other Visuals● With visuals, students may get theconcept, but are they able to articulatewhat they know?● By keeping language demands down,mental space and energy are freed up totake in higher-level concepts.
  15. 15. Introducing Vocabulary
  16. 16. Background Knowledge● Introduce new vocabulary by linking tobackground knowledge
  17. 17. Introducing Vocabulary
  18. 18. Introducing Vocabulary
  19. 19. Reader Response●Students respond to text whiledemonstrating key comprehension skillsand strategies
  20. 20. Before Reading: Turn & Talk to Predict &Connect
  21. 21. After Reading: Turn & Talk, Author’sPurpose
  22. 22. After Reading: Determine Genre WithPartners
  23. 23. Go Back to Text: Give Genre Details
  24. 24. Cause & Effect: Find Examples in the Text
  25. 25. Compare & Contrast With Partners
  26. 26. Additional ResourcesLiteracyMalden●http://literacymalden.wikispaces.com/Oral+Language (contains list of stemsand frames)●http://literacymalden.wikispaces.com/Higher+Order+Thinking●http://literacymalden.wikispaces.com/QuestionAnswerRelationships
  27. 27. Presenter InformationI hold an Ed.M. from the Harvard GraduateSchool of Education and a B.A. in Writing. Icurrently teach ESL K-8 in Malden and havepreviously worked as a journalist and as awriter/editor at the Education Alliance at BrownUniversity.

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