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Tampere martiniello

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Tampere martiniello

  1. 1. MULTICULTURAL EUROPEAN CITIES: BETWEEN SOCIO-ETHNIC POLARISATION AND NEO-COSMOPOLITANISM Marco Martiniello CEDEM-University of Liège CEDEM
  2. 2. CEDEM Introduction 1. The Global Context 2. What is at stake?: inventing a multicultural citizenship at the city level 3. Problems and obstacles 4. Two principles for public action 5. Concrete policy issues 6. Conclusion
  3. 3. - A global, European and “glocal” context - The “diversification of European Diversity” – “Super Diversity”: - Enlargements -Sub-national political mobilization -Diversified migration patterns -Roma, gypsies and travellers -Jewish communities -Socio-economic diversity and changing inequalities -Sexual orientations in the public sphere CEDEM 1.The Global Context
  4. 4. - Two contradictory Trends at work in cities: - social, economic, ethnic, racial and religious fragmentation, polarization and separation - group border-crossing and interculturalism : Exchange, métissage, cohesion, interactions, solidarity: neo-cosmopolitanism rooted in the neighbourhood - Anti-multiculti, post-multiculti, neo-assimilationist rhetoric and and praise of diversity - Assimilationist Policies and Diversity Policies CEDEM 1.The global context
  5. 5. - Reject extreme multiculturalism - The assimilationist myth and the illusion of exclusion and closing - What is at stake : - A more open and egalitarian local democracy - Combining diversification and cohesion (social, political) - A multicultural citizenship based on shared rights and duties - Top-down AND bottom-up - Re-inventing the city as a crossroad CEDEM 2. What is at stake?: inventing a multicultural citizenship at the city level
  6. 6. -1. The essentialization and homogenization of cultures, religions and groups -2. The folkorization of minority ethno-cultural and religious groups -3. Occulting the links between culture, social justice and socio-economic inequality - 4. The perverse effects of focussing on Islam and Muslims - 5.The securitisation of debates and policies -6 . Between political correctness and discriminations CEDEM 3. Problems and obstacles
  7. 7. -1. The legitimacy of public interventions both in local diversity management and in the fight against social and economic inequality. -2. Support collective actors that promote non negotiable democratic values: : - Human rights including integrity of the person - Non-discrimination and equality in access to services and institutions -Gender equality -Legal order and democratic procedures -Respect of cultural and religious diversity CEDEM 4. Two principles for public action
  8. 8. -1. The symbolic recognition of diversity as an asset. -2. Financing projects instead of institutions -3. Artistic expressions as social link building -4. The issue of residential segregation -5. Local active citizenship and political participation -6. Local conflict resolution mechanisms: consultation, etc. -7. Linguistic Policies -8. Fight social isolation -9. Education -10. the local labour market CEDEM 5. Concrete Policy Issues
  9. 9. CEDEM 6. Conclusion - Realism - pessimism in the short term: in the current very difficult economic , social and political context, intergroup (« ethnicized », « racialized ») tensions and conflict persist especially at the local level and assimilation remains the doxa - Realism - « quiet optimism » in the long term: prospects for the development of a local multicultural citizenship in EU cities - Local policies and politics matter ! But bottom-up mobilisation as well !

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