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City of helsinki


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City of helsinki

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City of helsinki

  1. 1. Irregular immigrants – City responses of Helsinki BASIC FACTS AND BACKGROUND • 620 000 inhabitants of which 75 500persons born abroad and 78 500 speak foreign native language (other than Finnish or Swedish) • 15 000 employees in Department of Social & Health • Previous incidents – 1990 Somali refugees and Ingerian remigrants (by invitation of the president Koivisto) – ad hoc re-organizing emergency services -> 1992 permanent structure (Immigration Office) and National legislation (Foreigners´ Act and Immigration Act) • Since 1994/1995 full EU-membership – new members from Eastern Europe and Baltic countries
  2. 2. Finnish citizens born abroad Foreing citizens Other native languages than Fi or Swe 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Persons Ulkomailla syntyneet Suomen kansalaiset Ulkomaan kansalaiset Vieraskieliset
  3. 3. Irregular immigrants – City responses of Helsinki • 2007 Romanian and Bulgarian Roma people and street begging; Child Welfare Act – International Agreements for Childrens´ rights // Birth certificates and work permissions & EU Social Security Card / Consulates • 24/7 social emergency services 2007and Police social work (+ forensic social work for suspected minors) • 24/7 Crisis’ support services 2010 • Food banks by the Lutheran Church since early 1990’s • the Lord Mayor´s working group => Hirundo Day Center for beggars; Multi Authority co-operation & NGO:s • Global Clinic (by voluntary physicians and Nurses) some hundred cases per Year • National Health Services Act 1.5.2011 • Hietaniemi Center for Homeless persons
  4. 4. Irregular immigrants – recent social and health services 2014 Since the City Board Directives (December 2013) Social services today Health services today • Emergency health services for all patients in acute situations / Malmi and Haartman clinics and dental clinic • Full health services for children (under 18 years) • Full health services for pregnant females and new born families • Prenatal/antenatal clinic services • Vaccination and anti-epidemic Pandemic services • NGO:s Global Clinic, Doctors without Borders, Red Cross • Living allowance in emergent cases (24/7), crisis support, food and tickets to nearest consul • Over night accomodation (Hietaniemi Center for homeless) • Child welfare services: assessment and open care and taking into care (if needed) • National services for victims of human trafficing (Migri) • NGO:s Victims Support, Deacon services, Refugee organizations, Save the children, Night Cafe, etc
  5. 5. Head of Department Health and substance abuse services Family and social services Personnel and development services Financial and support services Information management and communication services SOCIAL SERVICES AND HEALTH CARE COMMITTEE Hospital, rehabilitation and care services Organization of the Department of Social Services and Health Care 2014 First section Second section Third section