Nevada 2009 Governors Briefing


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Nevada Division of Forestry 2009 presentation for Governor Jim Gibbons on the upcoming fire season.

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  • Nevada 2009 Governors Briefing

    1. 1. 2009 NEVADA WILDLAND FIRE BRIEFING for Governor Jim Gibbons May 11, 2009 2009 NEVADA WILDLAND FIRE BRIEFING for Governor Jim Gibbons May 11, 2009
    2. 2. Nevada’s wildland fire agencies work collaboratively through our Master Agreement. The agreement assures this effort through the formation of the NEVADA FIRE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
    3. 3. Nevada Fire Board of Directors Mission: <ul><li>The Nevada Fire Board of Directors (NFBOD) is established to provide oversight and direction for all interagency wildland fire management activities in Nevada. </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighter and public safety is our first priority in all fire management activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The NFBOD uses interagency working teams or groups as necessary to develop guidelines and procedures, and to oversee their implementation. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Fire Season Statistics This past fire season there were 452 wildland fires that burned 71,930 acres in the State of Nevada. The low acreage and the low number of fires was a result of weather patterns not producing thunderstorms and a low occurrence of lightning.
    5. 8. 2009 Seasonal Outlook
    6. 9. Weather and Climate in Nevada The NWS outlooks for May through July 2009 show a good chance of warmer than normal temperatures for the entire state. Precipitation outlooks has a slight chance of being below normal in the far north.
    7. 10. Precipitation Probability
    8. 12. 2009 Nevada Fuel Conditions
    9. 13. The need for Fuels Management <ul><ul><ul><li>Fuels management in the Wildland Urban Interface is a very high priority. Pictures below show a sample of the projects. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 14. Fuels Management <ul><ul><ul><li>Fuels management in the Wildland Urban Interface is a very high priority. Pictures below show a sample of the projects. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 15. Southern Nevada <ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fuels management in and around the subdivisions on Mt. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charleston is a very high priority. Fuel treatment projects are </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>currently in progress on federal and private lands. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 16. Pinyon/Juniper Woodlands Ely, Southern Eureka and Northern Lincoln Areas <ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><li>Standing dead trees due to </li></ul><ul><li>insect and diseases coupled </li></ul><ul><li>with continuous fine fuel </li></ul><ul><li>growth. </li></ul>
    13. 17. Sierra Front <ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel loading ranging from 1000 to 1500+ lbs per acre in the grass and shrub component to 25 to 60 tons per acre in the forested areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinyon/Juniper woodlands and sagebrush areas are showing stress due to drought and insect invasions. </li></ul>
    14. 18. Winnemucca Area <ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Winnemucca fine fuel loads are ranging between 700 to 900 pounds per acre dry weight compared to 200-400 pounds in a “normal” year. </li></ul><ul><li>The heavy growth of Cheatgrass is beginning to create a </li></ul><ul><li>dense layer of dead vegetation in many areas. </li></ul>
    15. 19. Elko, Northern Lander and Eureka Areas <ul><li>There is normal to above normal annual and perennial plant growth in the area. Aroga moth infestations as seen in previous years are resulting in mortality of basin big sage. </li></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Cheatgrass is invading </li></ul><ul><li>these impacted areas. </li></ul><ul><li>As standing dead </li></ul><ul><li>vegetation and fine fuels </li></ul><ul><li>cure, fire will move rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>through these areas. </li></ul>
    16. 20. Cheatgrass Concern <ul><li>Cheatgrass thrives on disturbances like wildland fire. The more a landscape burns, the more dominant Cheatgrass becomes, thus more acres of land are converted over time. </li></ul>
    17. 21. 2008 Fires in Nevada Continued cycle of brush conversion to Cheatgrass
    18. 22. Fire Behavior Concerns to Firefighters and Public <ul><li>Fires in Nevada burn extremely fast and consume large acreages in a short time. These conditions are a result of flashy fine fuels like Cheatgrass growing between the larger fuels brush and timber. These conditions are extremely dangerous to the firefighters and public. </li></ul>
    19. 23. Agency Preparedness 2009 Wildland Fire Season
    20. 24. Nevada Division of Forestry <ul><li>72 Command and Support Staff </li></ul><ul><li>22 Seasonal Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>23 Conservation Camp Fire Crews </li></ul><ul><li>28 Volunteer Fire Departments </li></ul><ul><li>7 NDF Fire Stations </li></ul><ul><li>9 Conservation Camps </li></ul><ul><li>56 Engines </li></ul><ul><li>36 Water Tenders </li></ul><ul><li>70 Heavy & Light Brush Engines </li></ul><ul><li>2 Mobile Kitchen Units </li></ul><ul><li>2 Type II Helicopters </li></ul>
    21. 25. Local Government in Nevada Through the Statewide Fire Mutual Aid Plan <ul><li>42 Fire Departments </li></ul><ul><li>33 Type I & II Structure Engines </li></ul><ul><li>30 Type III Brush Engines </li></ul><ul><li>18 Tactical Water Tenders </li></ul><ul><li>15 Ambulances </li></ul>
    22. 26. Bureau of Land Management • 170 Seasonal Personnel • 260 Permanent/Career Personnel • 2 Type I (Hotshot) Handcrew • 23 Fire Stations • 48 Heavy & Light Brush Engines • 5 Water Tenders • 3 Type III Helicopters • 4 Single Engine Air Tankers • 3 Air Support Platforms
    23. 27. US Fish & Wildlife Service <ul><li>9 Wildlife Refuges covering 2 million acres </li></ul><ul><li>18 fire personnel </li></ul><ul><li>4 engines </li></ul><ul><li>Incident Management Team participation </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative suppression agreements with other agencies </li></ul>
    24. 28. <ul><li>1 Type I (Hotshot) Handcrew </li></ul><ul><li>20 Light & Heavy Brush Engines </li></ul><ul><li>15 Patrol Units </li></ul><ul><li>1 Type III Helicopter w/rappel crew </li></ul>US Forest Service -Humboldt/Toiyabe <ul><li>102 Seasonal Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>156 Permanent Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>13 Fire Stations </li></ul>
    25. 29. <ul><ul><li>US Forest Service Cal Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Brush Engines 2 Brush Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Patrol engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Water Tender Local Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Crews 10 Brush Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 Crews </li></ul><ul><ul><li> 3 Water Tenders </li></ul></ul>Lake Tahoe Basin
    26. 30. Bureau of Indian Affairs <ul><li>4 Type II Crews </li></ul><ul><li>5 Camp Crews </li></ul><ul><li>2 Wildland Fire Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Participation on Incident Management Teams </li></ul>
    27. 31. Interagency Aviation Resources <ul><li>BLM </li></ul><ul><li>4-Single Engine Air Tankers </li></ul><ul><li>3-Air Attack Aircraft with Air Attack Boss </li></ul><ul><li>3-Helicopters with Helitack Crews </li></ul><ul><li>12-Smoke Jumpers with Aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>NDF </li></ul><ul><li>2-Type II UH-1 Helicopters with Helitack Crew </li></ul><ul><li>Nevada National Guard </li></ul><ul><li>2-Type 1 CH-47 Chinooks </li></ul><ul><li>1-Type 2 UH-60 Fire Hawk </li></ul><ul><li>USFS </li></ul><ul><li>1-Type III Helicopter with 10 Person Rappel Crew </li></ul>
    28. 32. National Geographic Areas
    29. 33. Providing safe, cost effective mobilization of resources through interagency cooperation.
    30. 34. Western Great Basin Dispatch Centers <ul><li>There are 5 local Dispatch Centers in Nevada. </li></ul><ul><li>These centers operate on an interagency basis to support incidents within their area of jurisdiction. </li></ul><ul><li>When additional resources are needed, orders are placed with WGBCC. </li></ul>
    31. 35. <ul><li>...helping Nevadans live more safely with the threat of wildfire. </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that how the house is built, the characteristics of the adjacent vegetation, and routine maintenance often determine which homes burn and which survive. The purpose of Living With Fire is to provide homeowners with wildfire threat reduction recommendations developed by Nevada's firefighting experts. This program also provides suggestions about what to do during and after a fire. </li></ul>
    32. 36. Questions?