The Relationship between LEED Certification & Student Performance In K-12 Schools in TexasRon NeumondURP 521 Research Design for Planning
Why ?The main focus of the process is to reinforce optimal learning, a goal very much in keepingwith the parallel goals of resource efficiency and minimal pollution.Such buildings provide clean fresh air, a comfortable temperature range, abundant light, andlow distraction from unwanted noise while also maximizing resource efficiency, minimizingpollution, and teaching students the importance of innovation in the built environment. Numerous studies have demonstrated direct benefits to student health and performance. – daylight improves performance. – good indoor air quality improves health. – acoustics increases learning potential. – comfortable indoor temperatures increase occupant satisfaction.
Research Topic:The Relationship between LEED Certification and Student Performance in K-12 SchoolsResearch Question:What is the impact of a LEED certified school on a student’s academic performance in Texas? + LEED Certified School Student Performance
Research Methodology:• Inductive approach.• Independent variable is the presence or absence of LEED Certification for a school.• Dependent variable is student performance.• The unit of analysis is schools.• Research will compare the academic performance as measured by the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test of students who attend LEED certified schools with those students who attend non-LEED certified schools of comparable size within same or adjacent district.
Research Sample85 Registered LEED Certified Schools in Texas, 2010 Schools with status of “Confidential”, Charter Schools, Magnet Schools, schools which opened in Aug. 2010, or will open Aug. 2011 (& beyond) year were eliminated from sample.All remaining schools were included in the research.25 LEED Certified -vs- Non-Certified Schools 19 Elementary Schools 1 Middle School 5 High Schools
Who takes the TAKS test?Elementary School Middle School High School3rd 4th 5th Grade 6th 7th 8th Grade 9th Grade 10th 11th GradeGrade Grade Grade Grade GradeMath Math Math Math Math Math Math Math MathReading Reading Reading Reading Reading English English English English Language & Language & Language & Language & Arts Arts Arts Arts Writing Science Writing Social Social Social Studies Studies Studies Science Science ScienceOn each test, a scaled score of 2100 is required to pass and 2400 is required to earn "commended" status. Performance standards showing the raw scores are available online @ http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index3.aspx?id=3270&menu_id=793
Student Learning Gains 2010 – Middle Schools Grades 6-8100908070 LEED CERTIFIED - PASSING PERFORMANCE60 NON-LEED CERTIFIED - PASSING PERFORMANCE50 LEED CERTIFIED - COMMENDABLE40 PERFORMANCE NON-LEED CERTIFIED - COMMENDABLE30 PERFORMANCE2010 0 Reading Math Reading Math Writing English Math Social Science 1 2 3 4 5 Language 7 6 8 Studies 9 & Arts 6th Grade 7th Grade 8 Grade th
Student Learning Gains 2010 – High Schools Grades 9-11120100 80 LEED CERTIFIED - COMMENDABLE PERFORMANCE NON-LEED CERTIFIED - COMMENDABLE 60 PERFORMANCE LEED CERTIFIED - PASSING PERFORMANCE 40 NON-LEED CERTIFIED - PASSING PERFORMANCE 20 0 Math English Math English Science Social Math English Science Social 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Language Language Studies Language Studies & Arts & Arts & Arts 9th Grade 10th Grade 11th Grade
Performance comparison of LEED & Non-Leed Certified schools (used in sample) against all schools in state of Texas.100 100 100 80 90 90 90 70 80 80 80 60 70 70 70 50 60 60 60 50 50 50 40 40 40 40 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 Elementary School 1 Middle1 School High 1School Overall 1LEED Commended Non-LEED Commended State Commended LEED Passing Non-LEED Passing State Passing
Conclusions: LEED Certification Criteria Sustainable Site Improved LEED Water Efficiency + Certified + Performance on Energy & Atmosphere School TAKS Test(s) Materials & Resources Indoor Environmental Quality •More students in LEED Certified schools achieve passing scores on the TAKS test compared to students who attend non-LEED Certified schools. Innovation in Design Regional Priority •More students in LEED Certified schools achieve commended scores on the TAKS test compared to students who attend non-LEED Certified schools. •Comparing all grade levels, greatest gains appear in Math scores. •Most significant difference between scores is demonstrated in High School.
http://burbankaction.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/stop-smart-meters-now-posterized-photo1.jpg Smart MeterImplementation& getting LA on board URP 523 Policy Analysis Fall 2011 Linda Yu, Christian Vasquez, Ron Neumond
Defining the ProblemThere is a lack of unanimous cooperation among LADWP’sresidential customers in accepting smart meter upgradesinto their homes due to uncertainties about the technology. To provide LADWP with an equitable solution forthe Goal implementing upgrades incorporating smart meter technology while maintaining transparency and efficiency to maintain customer satisfaction and reduce anxiety. Smart LA / 2 of 9
The Client & Stakeholders Customers Third Party Policymakers Service Providers Los Angeles Department of SmartWater and Power Meter Program Smart LA / 3 of 9
Key challenges to the Smart Meter • xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx • California = about 37 million people • 14.8 million retail energy customers consuming 91TWh of electricity in 2008 • Household consumption is one of the lowest in the country = 6,150 kWh / yr. • California is the largest importer of electricity in the USA Smart LA / 4 of 9
Alternatives matrixEducation & Incentives Installation MethodsPublic Relations • BMP / Training /• Workshops • Free Monitoring Devices Certification / Background Checks• PSA’s • Dynamic Pricing • Seasonal Installation• Intercepts / Face 2 Face • Substantial Notification & • Rebates Solicitation Staged Messaging • Smart Meter Taskforce / • On-Line Monitoring• Billboards & Door Hangers Helpline & Online Systems Assistance • “Reduce Energy Use”• Direct Mail & Bill Inserts • Alerts via Text & Phone Competition Smart LA / 5 of 9
Recommendation & Implementation Education & Incentives Installation Methods Public Relations 1st Place 2nd Place 1st Place 2nd Place 1st Place 2nd Place Free Dynamic BMP Substantial Workshops Intercepts Devices Pricing Training & Staged Messaging $ 2.7 $ 0.5 $ 88 $ 117 $ 1.7 $ 18.3Cost Million Million Million Million Million Million implementation • Pre-deployment Education • Free Devices • 30-60-90 Staged Messaging • BMP / Contractors Smart LA / 7 of 9
Smart Meter / AMD http://emrabc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/meter1.jpg Toys & Materials Smart Meter Framed Monitor Smart Meter Door Hangers http://www.glendalenewspress.com/media/photo/ http://asset.sce.com/Images/ 2011-09/246595220-02171051.jpg Shared/door_hanger.jpgSmart LA / 8 of 9