Week  5


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Week  5

  1. 1. Chapter 5: Server Installation
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server </li></ul><ul><li>Install Windows 2000 Server using different methods, including from a CD-ROM, from the installation disks, over a network, unattended, and from another operating system </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><li>Go through a Windows 2000 Server installation step by step, and test the installation </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade a Windows NT server and domain </li></ul><ul><li>Create an emergency repair disk </li></ul>
  4. 4. Troubleshooting Tip <ul><li>Obtain the latest device drivers before you start the installation, such as those for the NIC, HAL.dll (for SMP computers), SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, RAID arrays </li></ul>
  5. 5. Make Important Decisions in Advance <ul><li>How to partition the disk or disks </li></ul><ul><li>What file system(s) to use </li></ul><ul><li>What to name the server </li></ul><ul><li>What password to use for the Administrator account </li></ul><ul><li>What protocols to use </li></ul><ul><li>What licensing method to use </li></ul><ul><li>Whether to make the server a DC </li></ul>
  6. 6. Decide Whether to Set Up a Dual Boot System <ul><li>Other systems that can reside on the same server as Windows 2000 Server include MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows 98 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Partitioning <ul><li>If you create FAT and NTFS partitions, create the FAT partition before you start (or leave an existing FAT partition if you create a dual boot system) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Boot.ini File <ul><li>The Boot.ini file on the system partition contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual boot configuration </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sample Boot.ini File Figure 5-2 Boot.ini file
  10. 10. FAT Partitions <ul><li>Windows 2000 will format a 2 GB or smaller partition as FAT16 and a partition larger than 2 GB as FAT32 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Server Naming <ul><li>Use a name that is easy to type </li></ul><ul><li>Make the name descriptive of the server’s function or of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Select a name that is easy to remember and use </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the name is not already used on the network </li></ul>
  12. 12. Administrator Password <ul><li>Use a “strong” or difficult-to-guess password for the critical Administrator account </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of a strong password: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over seven characters long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes at least one symbol in characters two through six </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Protocol Selection <ul><li>Consider using the default TCP/IP setup as a starting point and add other protocols later as needed </li></ul>
  14. 14. Licensing Methods <ul><li>Per server licensing: A server software license based on the maximum number of clients that log on to the server at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Per seat licensing: A server software license that requires that there be enough licenses for all network client workstations </li></ul>
  15. 15. Initial Server Installation <ul><li>Standalone server: A server that is not a member of a domain, but that is a member of an existing workgroup or that establishes its own workgroup, such as in peer-to-peer networking </li></ul><ul><li>Member server: A server that is a member of an existing Windows 2000 domain, but that does not function as a domain controller </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Either type of server can be later set up as a domain controller) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Installation Options <ul><li>CD-ROM only </li></ul><ul><li>Floppy disk and CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Network installation </li></ul><ul><li>Installation from an existing operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Unattended installation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Installation Programs <ul><li>Use Winnt.exe from scratch (installation disks or CD-ROM) and from computers already booted from MS-DOS or Windows 3.x </li></ul><ul><li>Use Winnt32.exe from computers already booted from Windows 95/98, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 (for an upgrade) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Command-line Switches for Winnt
  19. 19. Command-line Switches for Winnt (continued)
  20. 20. Command-line Switches for Winnt32
  21. 21. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  22. 22. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  23. 23. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  24. 24. CD-ROM Installation <ul><li>Set the computer’s BIOS to boot first from CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Turn the computer off and then back on (you may need to press Enter to boot from CD-ROM) </li></ul><ul><li>After Winnt.exe starts, follow the instructions on the screen </li></ul>
  25. 25. Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation <ul><li>Set the BIOS to boot first from drive A: </li></ul><ul><li>Power off the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Insert Setup Disk #1 and the CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on the computer, booting from the Setup Disk #1 </li></ul><ul><li>After Winnt.exe starts, insert Setup Disk #2 and follow the on-screen instructions </li></ul>
  26. 26. Making Copies of the Setup Disk <ul><li>Format 4 floppy disks </li></ul><ul><li>Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Click Start and then click Run </li></ul><ul><li>Enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path ootdiskmakebt32.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Click OK </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the on-screen instructions </li></ul>
  27. 27. Network Installation <ul><li>Copy the installation files from the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM which are in the folder I386 </li></ul><ul><li>Share the host’s folder and set appropriate permissions </li></ul><ul><li>Map the host’s shared folder from the target server computer </li></ul><ul><li>Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe from the shared folder </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the on-screen instructions </li></ul>
  28. 28. Installation from an Existing Operating System <ul><li>Boot the computer to use its existing operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Click Start, click Run, enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path to the Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe file, such as I386winnt32 plus any switches </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the on-screen instructions </li></ul>
  29. 29. Installation Tip <ul><li>If you install Windows 2000 from MS-DOS, you can reduce the installation time from several hours to under an hour if you start the SMARTDRIVE utility before running Winnt.exe </li></ul>
  30. 30. Unattended Installation Over the Network <ul><li>Create an answer file using Setup Manager or Notepad </li></ul><ul><li>Use the /s and /u (or /unattend) switches to specify the location of the installation files and of the answer file such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winnt32 /s:ainserverI386 /unattend:unattend.txt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a uniqueness database and the /UDF switch to further customize the unattended installation </li></ul>
  31. 31. Unattended Installation via CD-ROM <ul><li>An alternative to a unattended network installation is to create an answer file to use along with booting via the CD-ROM, but name the file, Winnt.sif </li></ul>
  32. 32. Creating Duplicate Unattended Installations <ul><li>Use Sysprep.exe to clone computers that have the same hardware configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Use Syspart.exe to clone computers that have different hardware configurations </li></ul>
  33. 33. Installation Troubleshooting Tip <ul><li>If Setup starts, but does not find mass storage, restart the installation, press F6 as soon as possible and load the manufacturer’s driver (such as for a SCSI adapter) </li></ul><ul><li>If Setup does not start because you are using an SMP computer, restart the installation, press F5, and provide the computer manufacturer’s Hal.dll </li></ul>
  34. 34. Installation Part 1 <ul><li>When the Windows Setup starts, it inspects the computer hardware and loads drivers and then presents a screen on which to press Enter to start the installation </li></ul>
  35. 35. Installation Part 1 (continued) Figure 5-3 Beginning setup options
  36. 36. Installation Part 1 (continued) <ul><li>Read the licensing agreement and press F8 </li></ul><ul><li>Select the partitioned or unpartitioned disk space on which to install Windows 2000 </li></ul>
  37. 37. Installation Part 1 (continued) Figure 5-4 Detecting partitions
  38. 38. Installation Part 1 (continued) <ul><li>Select the file system to use, FAT or NTFS </li></ul><ul><li>Setup automatically checks the disks, copies files, and reboots into the graphical mode </li></ul>
  39. 39. Installation Part 2 <ul><li>Setup gathers and verifies information about the computer, such as the keyboard and pointing device </li></ul><ul><li>Setup next enables you to configure regional and keyboard settings, such as the language that you use </li></ul>
  40. 40. Installation Part 2 (continued) <ul><li>Enter your name and the name of your organization </li></ul><ul><li>Enter the product key which is obtained from the back of the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM jewel case </li></ul>
  41. 41. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-5 Name and organization information
  42. 42. Installation Part 2 (continued) <ul><li>Select the licensing mode </li></ul><ul><li>Enter the name of the server and the Administrator account’s password </li></ul><ul><li>Select the Windows 2000 components to install </li></ul>
  43. 43. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-6 Windows 2000 components
  44. 44. Installation Part 2 (continued) <ul><li>If there is an installed modem, provide the Modem Dialing information </li></ul><ul><li>Verify the date and time </li></ul><ul><li>Select the network configuration option, such as Typical settings in order to install TCP/IP </li></ul><ul><li>Specify whether the computer will start off in a workgroup or domain (if in a domain, provide the account and password) </li></ul>
  45. 45. Installation Part 2 (continued) <ul><li>Wait for Setup to install components and files and then click Finish </li></ul>
  46. 46. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-7 Installing components
  47. 47. Log On and Test the Server <ul><li>Press Ctrl+Alt+Del, enter Administrator as the account name, and enter the Administrator password you specified during the installation </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the Windows 2000 Configure Your Server dialog box, which provides one method for continuing to configure the server </li></ul>
  48. 48. Configure Your Server Tool Figure 5-8 Configuration dialog box
  49. 49. Testing the Desktop Icons <ul><li>Test the desktop icons and other preliminary functions of the server </li></ul>
  50. 50. Desktop Figure 5-9 Windows 2000 Desktop
  51. 51. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain <ul><li>Coordinate a time for the upgrade </li></ul><ul><li>Backup each server that will be upgraded </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade the PDC first </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade the BDCs one at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade using Winnt32 </li></ul>
  52. 52. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued) <ul><li>Select the Upgrade to Windows 2000 (recommend) option </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the directions in the Windows 2000 Setup </li></ul>
  53. 53. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued) Figure 5-10 Selecting the upgrade option
  54. 54. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued) <ul><li>When the Active Directory Wizard starts, specify if you want to join an existing domain tree or forest, or start a new one </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the appropriate default domain and other group policies </li></ul><ul><li>Convert the domain to native mode after the last BDC is upgraded and there are no more Windows NT servers </li></ul>
  55. 55. Troubleshooting Tip <ul><li>Create an emergency repair disk for each newly installed or upgraded server </li></ul><ul><li>Update the emergency repair disk every time you implement an important change on a server, such as after installing new hardware, drivers, and software </li></ul>
  56. 56. Troubleshooting Installation Problems <ul><li>The first step is to avoid problems through your advanced preparations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase components listed on the HCL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test all hardware before you start the installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run the computer’s diagnostics before starting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run a comprehensive test of the hard disk before starting </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup
  58. 58. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup (continued)
  59. 59. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup (continued)
  60. 60. Service Packs <ul><li>Check Microsoft’s Web site for the latest information about service packs and the option to download them </li></ul><ul><li>For more control, install service packs using the Update command </li></ul>
  61. 61. Windows Service Pack Update Switches
  62. 62. Uninstalling Windows 2000 Server <ul><li>Backup the server files </li></ul><ul><li>Use the disk management utilities in the new operating system to delete the Windows 2000 partition, re-partition the drive, and format it (or start a Windows 2000 installation and delete the partition via Windows 2000 Setup) </li></ul><ul><li>Install the new operating system </li></ul>
  63. 63. Chapter Summary <ul><li>Before you install Windows 2000 Server, make sure the computer’s components are on the HCL </li></ul><ul><li>Make decisions in advance about how to complete the installation options, such as how to partition the disk and what file system to use </li></ul>
  64. 64. Chapter Summary <ul><li>Use the appropriate installation option, such as installing from CD-ROM, from the installation diskettes, over the network, from another operating system, or unattended </li></ul><ul><li>Make an emergency repair disk after you finish the installation </li></ul>