Using Topology Services

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Using Topology Services

  1. 1. C H A P T E R 8 Using Topology Services Topology Services is an application that enables you to view and monitor your network including the links and the ports of each link. Topology services displays the network topology of the devices discovered by ANI, through Topology Maps.Besides these Maps, the application includes numerous reports that helps you to view the physical and logical connectivity in details. This chapter contains: • Understanding Topology Services, page 8-2 • Starting Topology Services, page 8-3 • Using Topology Services Legend, page 8-3 • Understanding Topology Services Main Window, page 8-14 • Using Topology Services Main Window, page 8-17 • Understanding Network Topology Views, page 8-22 • Using Network Views, page 8-30 • Using Topology Filters, page 8-40 • Using Find in Network Topology Views, page 8-43 • Understanding Summary View, page 8-44 • Upgrading Network Topology Views, page 8-48 • Using Microsoft Visio With Topology Views, page 8-48 • Working With Links, page 8-50 • Time Domain Reflectometry Reports, page 8-53 • Working With Devices, page 8-58 User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-1
  2. 2. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Topology Services • Displaying Campus Reports, page 8-74 • Monitoring Protocol Filter by Port, page 8-75 • Viewing Data Collection Metrics, page 8-76 • Topology Groups, page 8-77 • Topology Services Menu Reference, page 8-81 • Supported Protocols, page 8-93 • Troubleshooting Topology Services, page 8-95 Understanding Topology Services You can use Topology Services to: • View detailed network information about all devices (see Working With Devices, page 8-58), links (see Working With Links, page 8-50), and ports (see Displaying Port Attributes, page 8-62)in your network. • Display the physical and logical services in your network. See Understanding Network Topology Views, page 8-22. • Open network management tools from the network views. See Using Virtual LANs. • Configure, manage, and monitor the ATM devices in your network. • Segment your network logically and manage workgroups that use VLANs. • Create and manage LANE services in your network to extend VLANs across ATM devices. • View port, device, and trunk attributes; view and find port information in a VTP domain; and configure VLANs on a trunk. • Display reports about inconsistencies or misconfigurations in your physical or logical network setup. • Configure and manage Etherchannel and Trunk links between devices. • Configure and Visualize Spanning Tree Protocol. • Configure and manage IVR. • Run TDR test between devices. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-2 78-17186-01
  3. 3. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Starting Topology Services This topic contains: • Navigating in Main Window, page 8-17 • Using Network Views, page 8-30 • Working With Links, page 8-50 Starting Topology Services Select Campus Manager > Topology Services from the CiscoWorks Homepage. You must install the Java Plug-in to access Topology Services from a client. If you are prompted to install the Java plug-in, download and install it using the installation screens displayed. The next time you start the application, it automatically uses the plug-in. For more information on the Java Plug-in, see User Guide for CiscoWorks Common Services. Step 1 Verify that your network is set up properly. Step 2 Verify that the Campus Manager Server is set up properly and running. For information about the Campus Manager Server, see “About Campus Manager Server” section on page 1-3. Using Topology Services Legend The Topology Services Legend explains the use of icons and colors in network views. You can refer the Legend to identify devices in your network and their status. The Legend includes all manageable devices, including devices that might be present in your network.Color indicators described in the Legend enable you to quickly determine the status of your network. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-3
  4. 4. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend To display the Legend: Step 1 Select Campus Manager > Topology Services from the CiscoWorks Homepage. The Topology Services Main Window appears. Step 2 Select Help > Legend from the menu. The Campus Manager Color and Icon Legend window opens. For details, see Table 8-1. Step 3 Click Close to close the window. Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend Symbol Description Icons ATM Switch ATM-VLAN Ethernet VLAN Ethernet ATM-VLAN ATM-Domain Filter On User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-4 78-17186-01
  5. 5. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description FDDI Ring LE Client LE Config Server LE/Broadcast Server Link Port Network Topology View (Topology Map) Switch Port Router Serial Bus User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-5
  6. 6. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Switch Switch Cloud Token Ring CRF Token Ring BRF Token Ring ATM-VLAN Unknown VLAN WAN Switch Embedded Router Embedded Switch User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-6 78-17186-01
  7. 7. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Embedded SBC End Station Integrated Communications System Layer 2 and Layer 3 Switch Router Application Server Hub Switch Probe Voice Gateway Access Point User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-7
  8. 8. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Optical Services Router Cisco ONS Series Device Content Engine Content Server Switch DSL Switch Switch Stack Storage Switch Add Row Campus Manager Server Unknown User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-8 78-17186-01
  9. 9. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Campus Manager Server Idle or Running ATM Switch Cloud Backup LECs Backup LE Bus Broadband Router Cisco CallManager Command Switch Device Navigate Down User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-9
  10. 10. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Fabric Fabric Cloud Link in Forwarding State Link in Blocking State Isolated VLAN Community VLAN Two-way Community VLAN Closed Folder Domain Folder User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-10 78-17186-01
  11. 11. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Fabric Folder Open Folder Layer Map Route Switch Module (RSM) Switch Display All Rows Begin Stop Tree Open Saved Path Trace File Unknown Device User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-11
  12. 12. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Zoom to Fit Icon Colors Major Fault (red)1 OK (green) Minor Fault (yellow) Testing (magenta) Unknown (blue) User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-12 78-17186-01
  13. 13. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Legend Table 8-1 Color and Icon Legend (continued) Symbol Description Links Active (black) Inactive (red) Not in network (red dashes) Unknown (blue) 1. Device is not reachable using SNMP or the device is down. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-13
  14. 14. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Topology Services Main Window Table 8-2 lists the special scenarios for Layer 2/Layer 3 Switch Routers. For example, the switch is running Catalyst operating system and the router is an RSM or MSFC module, and if either the switch or the router is unreachable the topology map displays the icon as: Table 8-2 Icons for Discrepancies of Layer 2/Layer 3 Switch Router Symbol Description Router is reachable, but switch is unreachable using SNMP. Router is unreachable using SNMP, but switch is reachable. Understanding Topology Services Main Window You can access the LAN Edge, Layer 2, and Unconnected Devices network views of managed domains discovered in your network, and you can filter, access, or view network information or status. For more information, see Table 8-3. Table 8-3 Topology Services Main Window Components Item Description Usage Note Menu Contains Topology Services See Topology Services Main Window commands. Menu Reference, page 8-81 for more information. Toolbar Provides quick access to frequently To show or hide the toolbar, select used menu options. View > Show Toolbar. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-14 78-17186-01
  15. 15. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Topology Services Main Window Table 8-3 Topology Services Main Window Components (continued) Item Description Usage Note Tree View Access the LAN Edge, Layer 2, and • Right-click items that you want to Unconnected Devices network views display, and select View > Display of managed domains. View to display network views. • Single-click items to display summary information in the Summary View. Summary View Displays configuration information Click and drag column headings to about the items displayed in the Tree change the order in which they appear. View. Status Bar Displays Topology Services system Click the color-coded Status button to messages on the left and the Status open ANI Information window. button on the right. In this window you can view Data Collection and User Tracking Acquisition status. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-15
  16. 16. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Topology Services Main Window Understanding Tree View The Tree View displays the discovered network objects in a hierarchical list. This list includes managed domains and available network views. Table 8-4 Understanding Tree View Folder Item Description Domains ATM Displays discovered ATM domains, unknown ATM devices, and device Domains or link information. VTP Displays and monitors the details of the VLANs in your network. Domains Sometimes includes special cases labeled NULL or NO_VTP. • NULL— Lists devices that are in transparent mode and that support VTP, but that do not have configured domain names. Each of these devices is identified in the list by its IP address. • NO_VTP—Lists devices that do not support VTP. Each of these devices is identified in the list by its IP address. However, devices that do not support VTP but support VLANs (for example, Catalyst 2900XL Standard Edition switches) will be placed in the NO_VTP domain. Devices that do not support VLANs and VTP (for example, Catalyst 1900 Standard Edition switches) will be placed in the domain category of the neighbor device. Network LAN Edge Shows network connectivity between Layer 3 devices that have routing Views View characteristics. Devices without Layer 3 connectivity are displayed in switch cloud (for LAN switches) or ATM domain cloud (for ATM switches and ATM end-hosts) network views. Layer 2 View Displays Layer 2 information about your network, including ATM and LAN switches, routers, multilayer switching devices, hubs, and switch probes. Unconnected Displays devices for which connectivity information could not be Devices obtained. View VTP Views Displays devices that are participating in VTP domains, and their neighbors. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-16 78-17186-01
  17. 17. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Main Window Table 8-4 Understanding Tree View (continued) Folder Item Description Topology System Displays a top-level container for standard groups that are accessible to Groups Defined and used by most Campus Manager users. This also includes a set of Groups predefined groups. User Defined Displays a top-level container where individual Campus Manager users Groups create their own groups. Using Topology Services Main Window You can use Topology Services Main Window for displaying the discovered VTP domains, VLANs, and ATM domains. Access the LAN Edge, Layer 2, and Unconnected Devices.The topic contains: • Navigating in Main Window, page 8-17 • Understanding Status Bar, page 8-20 • Using Find in Main Window, page 8-21 Navigating in Main Window You can display VTP domains, VLANs, ATM domains, and ATM-VLANs from the Main Window. You can also access the LAN Edge, Layer 2, and Unconnected Devices network views of managed domains discovered in your network, and you can filter, access, or view network information or status. Figure 8-1 displays the Topology Services Main Window. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-17
  18. 18. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Main Window Figure 8-1 Topology Services Main Window 1 Menu 3 Device Summary View 2 Toolbar 4 Topology Tree View User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-18 78-17186-01
  19. 19. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Main Window Table 8-5 describes different parts in the Topology Services Main Window. Table 8-5 Using Main Window Item Description Usage Notes Menu Contains Topology Services See “Topology Services Main Window Menu commands. Reference” section on page 8-81 for more information. Toolbar Provides quick access to frequently To show or hide the toolbar, select View > used menu options. Show Toolbar. Tree View Displays discovered VTP domains, Right-click items that you want to display, and VLANs, and ATM domains. Access select View > Display View to display the LAN Edge, Layer 2, and network views. Unconnected Devices network views Single-click items to display summary of managed domains. information in the Summary View. Summary Displays configuration information Click and drag column headings to change the View about the items displayed in the Tree order in which they appear. View. Status Bar Displays Topology Services system Click the color-coded Status button to view messages on the left and the Status the ANI Information window that displays button on the right. Data Collection and User Tracking acquisition status. Click the ANI Status to display the ANI Information dialog box. This dialog box displays your Data Collection and User Tracking Acquisition status, and the time at which the most recent Data Collection and User Tracking discoveries were completed. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-19
  20. 20. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Main Window Understanding Status Bar The status bar displays information about the current status of the Topology Services application, and includes a button that you can click to view current network Data Collection and User Tracking Acquisition statistics. Figure 8-2 describes sections of the status bar. Figure 8-2 Status Bar 1 Topology filter results 3 Topology map results 2 Discovery status button 4 Topology map status User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-20 78-17186-01
  21. 21. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Services Main Window Table 8-6 describes different parts of a Status Bar. Table 8-6 Status Bar Field Descriptions Field Description Topology Services Messages about the status of Topology Services appear on the left side of the status bar. These messages typically are displayed at the start and end of a task that is performed within Topology Services. Discovery Status A color-coded Data Collection Server status message appears in a button on the right side of the status bar: • Green—Denotes that Topology Services is able to communicate with the Data Collection Server. The status message is either Discovery, denoting that one or more discovery processes in the Data Collection Server are in discovery; or Idle, denoting that there are no discoveries currently active in the Data Collection Server. • Red—Denotes that the Data Collection Server is down or unreachable. In this case, the status message is Unknown. Click this button to open the Discovery Information window, which then shows detailed information regarding all discovery processes. Using Find in Main Window You can use Find to locate specific items in your network. Your search is restricted to either the Tree View or Summary View. You cannot search both views simultaneously in Topology Services. Select the view based on the item you want to locate. To use Find option in the Main Window: Step 1 Select Edit > Find from the menu. Enter the required information as described in the Main Window Find Field Descriptions table. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-21
  22. 22. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Table 8-7 Main Window Find Filed Description Field Description Usage Notes Search For Enter the search string Search by any string, partial or complete. Search In Select which view to search: The Find function searches only the selected item in the specified view, and those items that appear • Tree View below your selection in the view. • Summary View To search an entire view, you must select the first (top) item in that view. Options Select from these options: • Ignore Case—Select this option to allow matches in any case. • Ignore Case • Exact Match • Exact Match—Select this option to find entries that match the search string exactly. Step 2 Click Next to find items that match your search criteria. Tip Select Edit > Find Next to quickly repeat your last search. Understanding Network Topology Views A Network View is a graphical representation of the devices in your network. You can use Network Views to see different aspects of your network. Only devices and links discovered in your network are displayed. While you use Topology Services, the listed devices and links change dynamically to display what the Campus Manager Server discovers in your network. Network Views provide various abstract views of your network. Table 8-3 describes the Network Topology window components. You can use Network Views to see different aspects of your network. Only devices and links discovered in your network are displayed in topology maps. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-22 78-17186-01
  23. 23. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views As you use Network Topology Views, listed devices and links change dynamically to display devices and links that Data Collection performs in your network. Table 8-8 provides a list of functions that you can perform in Network Topology Views. Table 8-8 Using Network Topology Views Function Description Displaying Network Views, page 8-28 Access and display network views Changing Network Topology View Displays logical and physical services in your network Layouts, page 8-34 Working With Links, page 8-50 Displays information about the links between discovered devices Working With Application Servers, Displays and access application servers in your network page 8-71 Displaying Port Attributes, page 8-62 Displays information about the status of device ports in your network Displaying Aggregate Link Attributes, Displays information about any aggregate links that you page 8-52 have created in your network Displaying Service Attributes, page 8-73 Displays information about the available services in your network Customizing Network Topology Views, Modifies network views to suit your individual network page 8-33 management needs Using Topology Filters, page 8-40 Use filters or the Find function to locate specific devices, or specific kinds of devices Navigating in Network Topology Views You can use Network Topology Views to see different aspects of your network. Only devices and links discovered in your network are displayed in network views. As you use network views, devices and links change dynamically to display changes that the Campus Manager Server discovers in your network. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-23
  24. 24. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Table 8-9 Network Topology View Features Item Description Usage Notes Menu Contains Topology Services See Network Topology View commands. Menu Reference, page 8-85 for more information. Toolbar Provides quick access to To show or hide the toolbar, frequently used menu options. select View > Show Toolbar. Topology Filters Allows you to filter and display Filter device types, LANE devices and links. components, link types, discrepancies in your network, and ATM components. Status Bar Displays Topology Services Click the color-coded Status to system messages on the left and view the ANI Information. the Discovery Status button on This window provides you Data the right. Collection and User Tracking acquisition status. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-24 78-17186-01
  25. 25. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Figure 8-3 Network Topology View 1 Menu 3 Topology Filters 2 Toolbar 4 Topology Map User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-25
  26. 26. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Connecting Securely to Devices From Clients You can connect securely to a device using SSH. To connect to a device from a client, Microsoft Windows clients must perform the SSH executable configuration. Solaris clients must use the default SSH client provided by the operating system. To connect to the devices securely: • For Microsoft Windows Clients, page 8-26 • For Solaris Clients, page 8-27 For Microsoft Windows Clients • To Specify the SSH Client, page 8-26 You must provide the location to an SSH client executable in the Java Runtime Parameter field. • To connect to the Device:, page 8-27 To Specify the SSH Client Step 1 From the Microsoft Windows desktop, select Start > Settings > Control Panel > Java Plug-in. The Java Plug-in Control Panel appears. Step 2 Click Advanced. Step 3 In the Java Runtime Parameters field, enter the path to an SSH client executable. For example, if the ssh executable is located at E:PROGRA~1SSHCOM~1SSHSEC~1ssh2.exe, add the following in the Java Runtime Parameter field:-DCMSSH=E:PROGRA~1SSHCOM~1SSHSEC~1ssh2.exe (Directory and file names must follow the 8.3 naming format.) Step 4 Click Apply. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-26 78-17186-01
  27. 27. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views To connect to the Device: Step 1 Start Campus Manager > Topology Services. Step 2 From a Network Topology View, right-click a device icon, and select SSH from the popup menu Or From a Summary View, right-click a device entry, and select SSH from the popup menu. The SSH dialog box opens. Step 3 Enter username in the User Name field. Step 4 Click OK to connect or click Cancel to disconnect. An SSH terminal window opens. For Solaris Clients Solaris clients must use the default SSH client provided by the operating system. Step 1 From a Network Topology View, right-click a device icon, and select SSH from the popup menu Or From a summary view, right-click a device entry, and select SSH from the popup menu. The SSH dialog box opens. Step 2 Enter username in the User Name field. Step 3 Click OK to connect or click Cancel to disconnect. An SSH terminal window opens. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-27
  28. 28. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Displaying Network Views A Network Topology View is a graphical representation of the devices in your network. To access and display several network and domain views: Step 1 From the Tree View in the Topology Services Main Window, right-click a network view. A popup menu appears. Step 2 Select Display View. The Network Topology window opens, displaying the specified network or domain view. See Table 8-9 on page 8-24 for more information. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-28 78-17186-01
  29. 29. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Network Topology Views Using Panner to View Topology Maps Figure 8-4 Panning the Topology Map 1 Menu 4 Topology Map 2 Toolbar 5 Navigator 3 Topology Filter 6 Panner Window User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-29
  30. 30. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Using Network Views You can select a network view from the Tree View to display different segments of your network in a Network Topology window. See Table 8-10 for a list of functions you can perform in network topology views. Table 8-10 Network View Item Descriptions Item Description Usage Notes LAN Edge View Shows network connectivity View: between Layer 3 devices that • Device Attributes have routing characteristics. • IPv6 Addresses. See Understanding IPv6, Devices without Layer 3 page 11-1 connectivity are placed in ATM Domain or Switch Cloud • Port Attributes. See Displaying Port network views. Attributes, page 8-62 • Change Management IP • Configure Inter-VLAN Routing • Link Attributes • Aggregate Link Attributes • Delete Link(s) User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-30 78-17186-01
  31. 31. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-10 Network View Item Descriptions (continued) Item Description Usage Notes Switch Cloud Displays the Layer 2 devices View: View between two Layer 3 devices • Device Attributes in your network. • IPv6 Addresses • Port Attributes • Service Attributes • Change Management IP • Configure Inter-VLAN Routing • VLAN Report • Link Attributes • Configure EtherChannel • Create Trunk • Trunk Attributes • TDR Report User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-31
  32. 32. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-10 Network View Item Descriptions (continued) Item Description Usage Notes Layer 2 View Displays the Layer 2 View: information about your • Device Attributes. See Displaying Device network, including ATM and Attributes, page 8-61 LAN switches, routers, MLS devices, hubs, and switch • IPv6 Addresses probes. • Port Attributes. See Displaying Port Attributes, page 8-62. • Service Attributes • Change Management IP • Configure Inter-VLAN Routing • VLAN Report • Link Attributes • Configure EtherChannel • Create Trunk • Trunk Attributes • TDR Report Unconnected Displays devices for which View: Devices View connectivity information could • Device Attributes not be obtained, including devices not supported by • IPv6 Addresses Topology Services. • Port Attributes This can include non-Cisco • VLAN Report ATM devices discovered through Integrated Local • Change Management IP Management Interface (ILMI), • Configure Inter-VLAN Routing since it is an industry standard. • Link Attributes User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-32 78-17186-01
  33. 33. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-10 Network View Item Descriptions (continued) Item Description Usage Notes VTP Views Shows the devices that are View: participating in VTP domains. • Device Attributes VTP Views also shows the non-VTP devices and ATM • Port Attributes domains connected directly to • Service Attributes the VTP domain. • VLAN Report • Change Management IP • Configure Inter-VLAN Routing • Link Attributes • Configure EtherChannel • Create Trunk • Trunk Attributes • TDR Report Customizing Network Topology Views You can modify the Network Topology Views to change the location of device icons or links, save Network Topology Views, and remove devices from the Network Topology View. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-33
  34. 34. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Saving Network Topology View Layouts You can customize Network Topology Views by rearranging and dragging devices and links to different locations on the view. This allows multiple users to customize the way the Network Topology Views appear. To do this: Step 1 Make any changes you want to the Network Topology View. Step 2 Select File > Save Layout. Deleting Devices From Network View To delete devices from any Network Topology View. Step 1 Select the device you want to delete from the Network Topology View. Step 2 Select Edit > Delete Devices. This step only removes the device from the Campus Manager Server database. If the device still exists in your network and is discoverable by the Campus Manager Server, it reappears during the next Data Collection. If devices that you do not want displayed in Topology Services continue to reappear on the Network Topology View, modify the discovery settings on the Device Discovery. Changing Network Topology View Layouts To change the layout for each Network Topology View. Step 1 From a Network Topology View window, select View > Relayout. Step 2 Select a layout style. See Table 8-11. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-34 78-17186-01
  35. 35. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-11 Layout Style Style Description Circular Arranges devices in a circular pattern, resizes devices to fit in viewable area. Hierarchical Arranges devices in a hierarchical pattern, resizes devices to fit in viewable area. Symmetric Arranges devices in a compact pattern, resizes devices to fit in viewable area. Orthogonal Arranges devices in an angular pattern. Each link bends at right angles. Individual devices resize to show each link. Modifying Network View Features You can modify and customize various Network Topology View features to suit your operating environment. For example, you can change the display colors and view layout of the Network Topology View. You can also customize the view features for individual user roles, or modify the default features for all users. Changing Network Topology View Properties for One User Role You can change client map properties for one user role without affecting the Network Topology View properties for other user roles. To do this: Step 1 From a Network Topology View, select Edit > Map Preferences. The Client Map Properties window opens. Step 2 Change the properties as described in Table 8-12. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-35
  36. 36. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-12 Client Network Topology View Field Descriptions Field Description Colors Map Background Color of the background in Network Topology Views Map Foreground Color of the foreground in Network Topology Views Map Selection Color of the outline for selected links and devices Highlight Color Color that links and devices are highlighted in Layout Style Hierarchical Reveals precedence relations Circular Portrays interconnected ring and star topologies Symmetrical Produces representations of complex networks Orthogonal Produces graph layouts with edges running parallel to x and y axes Label Display Fallback Rule Fallback Rule Allows you to set the order in which device labels appear in Network Topology Views Edit Defaults Allows you to edit the default properties for all users Restore Defaults Allows you to restore the default settings Step 3 Click Apply to apply these changes based on your current user role. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-36 78-17186-01
  37. 37. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Changing Network Topology View Properties for All Users To change the Network Topology View properties for all users: Step 1 From a Network Topology View, select Edit > Map Preferences. Step 2 Click Edit Defaults. The Client Default Properties window opens. Step 3 Change the Network Topology View properties as described in Table 8-13. Table 8-13 Default Network Topology View Properties Field Description Colors Network Topology View Color of the background in Network Topology Background Views Network Topology View Color of the foreground in Network Topology Foreground Views Network Topology View Color of the outline for selected links and devices Selection Highlight Color Color that links and devices are highlighted in Layout Style Hierarchy Reveals precedence relations Circular Portrays interconnected ring and star topologies Symmetrical Produces representations of complex networks Orthogonal Produces graph layouts with edges running parallel to x and y axes Label Display Fallback Rule Fallback Rule Allows you to set the order in which device labels appear in Network Topology Views Other Domain Suffix Lets you specify a domain suffix for all devices in your network User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-37
  38. 38. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Table 8-13 Default Network Topology View Properties (continued) Field Description Trim Domain Suffix On Lets you shorten the domain suffix on Network Labels Topology View labels Sysname Max Characters Lets you specify the maximum character length of Allowed device sysNames in the display Truncate Sysname On Lets you enable or disable the truncation of Labels sysNames in the display To trim Sysname based on Domain suffix, enable Trim Domain Suffix On Labels, specify Domain Suffix value and ensure that Truncate Sysname On Labels is not enabled. Step 4 Click Apply to change the Network Topology View preferences for all users. Setting Background Images for Topology Views You can set an image as the background of the Network Topology Views in Topology Services. Campus Manager allows you to upload images and set the image, where the image is in GIF, JPEG, or JPG image formats. To set the background image: Step 1 Upload the image. Step 2 Set the image as the background image. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-38 78-17186-01
  39. 39. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Network Views Uploading the Image To upload and set the background image: Step 1 From the Tree View in the Topology Services Main Window, right-click any Network View. Step 2 Select Display View from the pop up menu. The Network Topology window appears. Step 3 Select Edit > Map Preferences from the menu. The Client Map Properties window appears. Step 4 Click Upload Image, in the Map Background Image section. Step 5 Select the file from the list in the Upload Map Background Image window, and click Open. Selecting the Image After you finish uploading the image, you can select and set the background for each network view. To select an image for the background: Step 1 From the Network Topology Display view, select Edit > Map Preferences from the menu. The Client Map Properties window appears. • Select an image from the drop-down menu for Background Image, in the Map Background Image section. • If you do not want to set an image, select the default None. Step 2 Click Apply. Step 3 Click OK. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-39
  40. 40. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Filters Deleting the Image To delete the image from the list of images that you have uploaded. Step 1 From the Network Topology Display view, select Edit > Map Preferences from the menu. The Client Map Properties window appears. Step 2 Select an image from the drop-down menu for Background Image, in the Map Background Image section. Step 3 Click Delete Image. Using Topology Filters You can filter devices, links, and networking services, and locate these items on the Network Topology Views. Many different filters are available, but the availability of specific filters varies among each of the different Network Topology Views. You can use multiple filters at the same time to display more than one media type. To filter devices: Step 1 Start Campus Manager > Topology Services from the CiscoWorks Homepage. The Topology Services Main Window appears. Step 2 From the Tree View in the Topology Services Main Window, right-click the Network View you want and select Display View from the pop up menu. The Network Topology View appears. Step 3 Toggle any top-level item in the Topology Filters list to display additional options. Table 8-14 describes various filters. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-40 78-17186-01
  41. 41. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Filters Table 8-14 Topology Filters Description Field Description Types Filter Device Types Filters by individual device; for example, Catalyst 5000. Link Types Filters by type of link; for example, ATM. Groups — Filters by Topology Groups in the Map. The filter displays the number of Groups displayed in the Map, in parentheses. For example, Topology Groups (3). Services — Filters by the service running on the device. For example, Cisco CallManager. Device Status Reachable Filters based on status of the device (reachable). Unreachable Filters based on status of the device (unreachable). Internal Routers — Filters by the routers. For example, RSM/MSFC. Discrepancy Physical Filters by physical discrepancy; for example, link speed. LANE — Filters based on LAN Emulation, and link. Network Address Filters — Filters based on the protocols supported on the devices. For example, IPv6. STP Inconsistency Filters based on STP loop, PVID, device, or type inconsistencies. Spanning Tree User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-41
  42. 42. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Topology Filters Table 8-14 Topology Filters Description (continued) Field Description — Filters based on the spanning tree details of devices. Selecting the filter will result in a view listing the VLANs applicable to all the switches in the selected switch cloud. TDR TDR Links Filters by the TDR enabled links. VTP Trunk Encapsulation Filters based on the trunk encapsulation enabled on devices. VTP Devices Filters based on the devices running VTP. Step 4 Check the check box next to any option to filter specific items. • If you select multiple options from two different top-level filters (such as Types and VTP), your selection is an assumed Boolean AND expression. This requires that all criteria be met to highlight devices on the Network Topology View. Therefore, only those devices supporting active links of the selected type are displayed. • If you select multiple options from the same top-level filter (such as Device and Link), your selection is an assumed Boolean OR expression. This requires that any criteria be met in order to highlight the selection on the Network Topology View. However, for discrepancy filters, selecting multiple options from the same top level filter will assume an AND operation. • If you choose to filter by a Service, the application servers that are configured to run that service, are highlighted on the map. However, you must complete the Displaying Service Attributes, page 8-73 procedure to determine whether the specified Service (or any other Service) is currently active on the application server. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-42 78-17186-01
  43. 43. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Find in Network Topology Views Step 5 Select Edit > Highlight Filtered to highlight the filtered items. To deselect items and check boxes that you have selected and return to the normal view, select Edit > Clear Highlighting. Highlighting Filtered Devices You can highlight the devices that you have filtered using the Topology filters. To do this: Step 1 From the Network Topology View, select the Topology Filters you want. Step 2 Select Edit > Highlight Filtered from the menu. Or Right-click the topology map and select Highlight Filtered from the popup menu. The topology map highlights the devices that are being filtered. Step 3 To clear the highlight on the devices, select Edit > Clear Highlighted from the menu. Using Find in Network Topology Views You can locate specific devices in your network by searching for the device name or device address. You can do this by using the Find option. To do this: Step 1 From a Network Topology View, select Edit > Find. Step 2 Enter the required information as described in Table 8-15. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-43
  44. 44. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Summary View Table 8-15 Network Topology View Field Descriptions Field Description Usage Notes Find Device By Select search criteria: Use the drop-down list box to find devices by device name or IP address. • Name • IP Address What Enter the desired search string Use this field to narrow the number of matches by entering part or all of the device name or IP address. Matches Lists devices that match the Select the device from the list of matches. specified criteria Add to current Selects the device without resetting Use this option if you are selecting several Network Topology the currently selected devices devices, and want to add this device to those View selection selected. Step 3 To highlight the device in the Network Topology View window, click Find. In LAN Edge view, if you try to locate a device that is in a switch cloud or in an ATM fabric, though you cannot locate the device, the corresponding switch cloud or ATM fabric is highlighted. Understanding Summary View You can use the Summary View to monitor the current configuration of your network and easily find devices in your network. The Summary View allows you to obtain summary information about the managed domains, logical components, and physical topology of your network. See Interpreting Summary Information, page 8-45 for details on summary information. Note You can select multiple rows from the table and display the context sensitive menus. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-44 78-17186-01
  45. 45. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Summary View This topic contains: • Highlighting Devices From Summary View, page 8-45 • Interpreting Summary Information, page 8-45 • Interpreting Network View Summary Information, page 8-46 • Interpreting Unconnected Device View Summary Information, page 8-47 Highlighting Devices From Summary View You can select a device and choose to highlight the device in the Network View from the Summary View in the Topology Services Main Window. To do this: Step 1 Start Campus Manager > Topology Services from the CiscoWorks Homepage. The Topology Services Main Window appears. Step 2 Select the device listed in the Summary View. Step 3 Right-click the device and select Highlight Device from the popup menu. The Topology Map appears with the highlighted device. Interpreting Summary Information You can find help for interpreting summary information in Topology Services through these topics: • ATM Domain Summary Information, page 12-4 • Interpreting ATM-VLAN Summary Information, page 12-2 • Interpreting VTP Reports, page 9-36 • Interpreting VLAN Summary Information, page 9-14 • Interpreting Network View Summary Information, page 8-46 • Understanding Summary View, page 8-44 • Interpreting Topology Groups Summary Information, page 8-78 User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-45
  46. 46. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Summary View Interpreting Network View Summary Information To display summary information about items in the network views, click a Network View from the Tree View in Topology Services. See Table 8-16 to interpret this information. Table 8-16 Network View Field Descriptions Field Description Devices Number of devices displayed on the particular view. Switches Number of switches. Routers Number of routers. Device List Device Name Name of the device. IP Address IP address of the device. Device Type Product type. State Current status of device; that is, whether it is reachable or not. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-46 78-17186-01
  47. 47. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Understanding Summary View Interpreting Unconnected Device View Summary Information To display summary information about items in the unconnected device views, click Unconnected Devices View from the Tree View in Topology Services. See Table 8-17 to interpret the fields in the Unconnected Devices View Summary. Table 8-17 Device View Summary Field Description Devices Number of devices displayed in the particular view. Switches Number of switches in the selected view. Routers Number of routers in the selected view. Device List Device Name Name of the device. IP Address IP Address of the device. Device Type Product type. State Current status of the device; whether it is reachable or not. Neighbors Devices that are physically connected to the selected device. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-47
  48. 48. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Upgrading Network Topology Views Upgrading Network Topology Views After an upgrade installation or manual data import from Campus Manager 3.2 or Campus Manager 3.3, you may upgrade the Layer 2 View, LAN Edge View, or Unconnected Devices View that was saved in Campus Manager 3.2 or 3.3 to the new Campus Manager 4.0.3 format. If this upgrade is not performed, you can directly use the default views, with enhanced features, generated by Campus Manager 4.0.3. You can perform the following upgrade procedure more than once. To do this: Step 1 From the Topology Main Window, select File > Upgrade View layouts. The Upgrade Topology Views window appears. Step 2 Select the views to upgrade. Step 3 Click Upgrade to upgrade the views. Step 4 Select the corresponding views from the side panel in the Topology Main Window. Step 5 Select Display View. Using Microsoft Visio With Topology Views You can export the network clouds, aggregate links, device nodes, links, buses, and all associated labels into a Visio drawing. Note Campus Manager 4.0.4 supports Microsoft Visio 2003. To export Network Views to Microsoft Visio, there are two options: 1. Export to .CSV file. To do so, • Download the Cisco stencil file (cm_cisco.vss). This file stores images of Cisco devices that Visio uses to create the drawing. For more details, see “Downloading the Cisco Visio Stencil File” section on page 8-49. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-48 78-17186-01
  49. 49. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Using Microsoft Visio With Topology Views • Export Network Topology Views to Visio. For more details, see “Exporting Network Topology Views to Visio” section on page 8-49. 2. Export to an XML file. For more details, see “Exporting Network Topology Views to Visio” section on page 8-49. Downloading the Cisco Visio Stencil File You must download the Cisco stencil file if you want to export Network Topology views to Visio 2002 or previous versions. See Exporting Network Topology Views to Visio, page 8-49 for more details. To do this: Step 1 From Network Topology View, select File > Download Visio Stencil. Step 2 Navigate to the Solutions directory where Visio is installed. The directory path is usually VisioSolutions Caution Do not change the default filename. Step 3 Click Save. Exporting Network Topology Views to Visio To export Network Topology views to Visio: Step 1 From a Network Topology view, select the devices you want to export. Step 2 Select File > ExportToVisio. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-49
  50. 50. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Working With Links Step 3 Select either of the following options: • Export To csv... Choosing this option saves the Network Topology view as a .CSV file, which you can open in Visio 2002 or previous versions and convert into a Visio drawing. When you open the saved text file in Visio, select comma as the delimiter to use. See the Visio manual on how to create drawings from external data. Or • Export To xml... Choosing this option saves the Network Topology view as a .VDX file, which you can open in Visio 2003. Proceed to Step 5. Step 4 Navigate to the directory where you saved the Cisco stencil file (cm_cisco.vss). Step 5 Accept the default or enter a filename. Step 6 Click Save. Note When you try to export more than 50 nodes from the Topology view, there will be loss of clarity in the exported Visio diagram. Working With Links You can use Network Topology Views to display information about links between discovered devices and the type of link connecting the devices. • Interpreting Link Tooltips, page 8-51 • Displaying Link Attributes, page 8-51 • Displaying Aggregate Link Attributes, page 8-52 User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-50 78-17186-01
  51. 51. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Working With Links Interpreting Link Tooltips Link tooltips provide detailed information about links. They appear as popup windows as you move the cursor over different items in the discovered network. Some network types display additional information in the tooltips. For example, Token Ring devices, links, and buses also include the Token Ring Concentrator Relay Function (trCRF) ring number in hexadecimal digits. Use Table 8-18 to help you interpret the tooltips that appear. Table 8-18 Link Tooltip Item Descriptions Item Description Example Links Connecting switch name or IP 172.18.2.25:2/4 - 172.18.2.2:1/3 address:slot/port (media type, (Ethernet 100M) media speed) Buses Media type Ethernet bus, ATM cloud, FDDI, Token Ring Displaying Link Attributes You can display information about the links between devices in your network. From a Network Topology View, right-click a link and select Link Attributes from the popup menu, or select Reports > Link Attributes. The Link Attributes window opens. See Interpreting Link Attributes, page 8-52 for more information. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-51
  52. 52. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Working With Links Interpreting Link Attributes See Table 8-19 to interpret the fields shown in the Link Attributes window. Table 8-19 Link Attribute Window Field Description From Device from which link originates To Device at which link ends Device Device name Interface Port to which link is connected on the originating and ending devices Type Media type of the link, such as Ethernet Speed Speed of the link, such as 10Mbps, which is 10 megabits per second, or 100Mbps, which is 100 megabits per second. Displaying Aggregate Link Attributes The aggregation of multiple physical Ethernet links into a single, virtual link allows network managers to speed the flow of traffic through their networks, reaching speeds that would not be possible otherwise. For example, if you have no access to links any faster than 100 Mbps, you might aggregate four separate channels of 100 Mbps each into a single 400 Mbps channel. If there are any aggregate links between devices in your network, you can use Topology Services to display information about those aggregate links. To display information about the aggregate links: • Right-click a link from a Network Topology View and select Aggregate Link Attributes from the popup menu Or • Select Reports > Aggregate Link Attributes. The Aggregate Link Attributes window opens. See Interpreting Aggregate Link Attributes, page 8-53 for more information. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-52 78-17186-01
  53. 53. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Time Domain Reflectometry Reports Interpreting Aggregate Link Attributes See Table 8-20 to interpret the fields shown in the Aggregate Link Attributes window. Table 8-20 Aggregate Link Attributes Field Description From Domain from which link originates To Domain at which link ends Device Device name Interface Port to which link is connected on the originating and ending devices Type Media type of the link, such as Ethernet Speed Speed of the link, such as 10 Mbps Time Domain Reflectometry Reports Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) is used to detect faults in a cable. TDR checks and locates open circuits, short circuits, sharp bends, crimps, kinks, impedance mismatches, and other such defects. Time Domain Reflectometry is required when the application cannot establish a link, or if the link does not perform as expected. This usually occurs if you: • Replace a cable. • Migrate from Fast Ethernet to Gigabit switch. • Develop new cable plants. In such cases, the nature of the defect in the cables are important. To detect the defects, you can perform TDR test on the link. TDR test checks the various aspects of the performance of physical links and its reliability, and reports status and failure. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-53
  54. 54. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Time Domain Reflectometry Reports This topic contains: • Understanding Time Domain Reflectometry, page 8-54 • Using Time Domain Reflectometry Reports, page 8-54 Understanding Time Domain Reflectometry Time Domain Reflectometry detects the defects by sending a signal through a cable, and reflecting it from the end of the cable. Open circuits, short circuits, sharp bends and other defects in the cable, reflects the signal back, at different amplitudes, depending on the severity of the defect. The TDR measures the time taken by the signal to reflect back and thus calculates the distance to the defect in the cable. When the signal reaches the end of the cable, it reflects at a very low amplitude. Using Time Domain Reflectometry Reports Campus Manager supports TDR Cable Diagnostic Test and generates a report listing the results of the test on Cisco Catalyst 6000 switches. For more details, see Running TDR Test For a Port, page 8-56. Running TDR Test for a Link To run the TDR test for a link: Step 1 Select Campus Manager > Topology Services from the CiscoWorks Homepage. Step 2 Select a view that contains the device for which you want to run TDR Test. This view is in the Tree View in the Topology Services Main Window. Step 3 Right-click the view and select Display View. The Network Topology window for the selected view appears. Step 4 Select the link for which you want to generate TDR Report. Step 5 Right-click the link. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 8-54 78-17186-01
  55. 55. Chapter 8 Using Topology Services Time Domain Reflectometry Reports Step 6 Select TDR Report from the pop up menu. A message appears: Running TDR Report may affect data traffic in the link. Do you like to run the TDR Test. Step 7 Click Yes. The TDR Report window appears. See Table 8-21 for details on the report. Table 8-21 TDR Report on Links Field Description Field Description Local Device Name of the local device. Local Port Port of the local device. Pair Pair name corresponding to the local port. Local Pair Length Length of the cable from the local device. Local Pair Status Status of the local pair. Remote Device Remote device connected to the local device. Remote Port Remote port on the remote device. Remote Pair Remote pair connected to the local pair. Remote Pair Length Length of the cable from the remote device. Remote Pair Status Status of the remote pair. After you generate the TDR report you can: • Print the TDR report. To do so, select File > Print from the menu. • Export the report to your machine. To do so, select File > Export from the menu. User Guide for Campus Manager 4.0.3 78-17186-01 8-55

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