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Installing Windows Server


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Installing Windows Server

  1. 1. Installing Windows 2003 Server MIS 431 –Rev. Spring 2008
  2. 2. Installation is Easy! <ul><li>Do your advance preparations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HCL: what hardware components? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which file system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed NIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network protocols to install </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active directory design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Setup is a step-by-step Wizard </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  3. 3. Server Hardware Components – check HCL! <ul><li>CPU type & # </li></ul><ul><li>Type of bus (PCI,ISA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk and adapter type (manufacturer and model) </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk capacity </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROM drive and adapter type </li></ul><ul><li>BIOS boot drive order (CD, C, A) </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse/pointing device </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor and video card </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard type </li></ul><ul><li>Floppy drive type </li></ul><ul><li>Tape drive and adapter </li></ul><ul><li>NIC (mfgr, model, specs) </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  4. 4. Decisions before Starting <ul><li>Get current drivers before or have another PC that you can use to download drivers </li></ul><ul><li>How to partition the hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>Which file system (FAT, NTFS) </li></ul><ul><li>Server name and administrator password </li></ul><ul><li>Which protocols to install </li></ul><ul><li>Which licensing method (per server, seat) </li></ul><ul><li>If the server is a DC, what is domain name </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  5. 5. Decisions .. Partitioning <ul><li>Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use existing partition? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delete existing partition and create new? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create new partition if non exists? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Size of the partition (MS recommends min 2 GB for partition for system files) </li></ul><ul><li>Dual boot machine? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can boot FAT partition with Windows client OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rest of machine is NTFS with Windows 2003 </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  6. 6. Disk Partitioning <ul><li>Can use DOS FDISK program to partition the FAT area, DOS FORMAT program to format the FAT </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 2003 boot loader menu is specified in boot.ini file </li></ul><ul><li>[boot loader] … from my home server which uses SCSI </li></ul><ul><li>timeout=30 </li></ul><ul><li>default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)WINNT </li></ul><ul><li>[operating systems] </li></ul><ul><li>multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)WINNT=&quot;Microsoft Windows 2003 Server&quot; /fastdetect </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  7. 7. Windows NTFS File System <ul><li>NTFS is superior! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best security and performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encryption and file compression (not available in FAT) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can use FAT now and convert partition to NTFS later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If FAT and <= 2 GB, WS03 uses FAT16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If FAT and > 2 GB, WS03 uses FAT32 </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  8. 8. Decisions – server name <ul><li>Seen in Network Neighborhood (Win 9x) or My Network Places (later versions) </li></ul><ul><li>Use short name - easy to type and remember </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure name is not already used by another network computer </li></ul><ul><li>Name mnemonically, not numerically </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  9. 9. Decisions – Administrator PW <ul><li>Do Not Forget This Password – ever!!! </li></ul><ul><li>User name is Administrator and has access to all of the server’s resources </li></ul><ul><li>Password tips for this sensitive PW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 14 characters, 10 or more is good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make it difficult to guess! </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  10. 10. Decisions - Protocols <ul><li>TCP/IP is best – preferred protocol </li></ul><ul><li>NetBEUI is OK for small networks without routers </li></ul><ul><li>May need NWlink if logging in to a Novell NetWare server; will also need Client Service for NetWare </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  11. 11. Decisions - Licensing <ul><li>Per server means total # of clients that can be logged on at one time; preferred </li></ul><ul><li>Per seat means buying a license for each client computer; may be good if you have one user logging in to multiple servers </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  12. 12. Decisions – Network Server Type <ul><li>Standalone server – for very small peer to peer networks or when you are bringing a WS03 server into an NT 4.0 network in which it will not act as a DC </li></ul><ul><li>Server based network – DC or member server that joins an existing domain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Member server belongs to a domain but has not copy of the active directory and does not replicate nor authenticate logons. </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  13. 13. Installation Options <ul><li>Types of installation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floppy disk and CD-ROM (when you cannot boot from the CD-ROM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network install </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install from an existing operating system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unattended installation (via script) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In each case, run winnt.exe (in DOS) or winnt32.exe (in 32-bit Windows 9x environment) to begin the installation </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  14. 14. Winnt command switches <ul><li>/? List all switches </li></ul><ul><li>/e:command executes a command after the Windows portion of Setup </li></ul><ul><li>/i:initialization filename specifies a custom initialization file where install files are found </li></ul><ul><li>/sdrive:folder used for path for the installation files other than the current file </li></ul><ul><li>/u:scriptfile used in unattended install to specify the name of the script (answer) file and should be used with /s command </li></ul><ul><li>More .. </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  15. 15. Winnt32 command switches <ul><li>/? Gives all switches </li></ul><ul><li>/checkupgradeonly creates a report that tells if PC is compatible with WS03 </li></ul><ul><li>/s:drive:folder uses a path for installation files different than the current path </li></ul><ul><li>/unattend [seconds]:script file used in an unattended installation to specify name of file containing script for setup </li></ul><ul><li>More … </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  16. 16. CD-ROM Installation <ul><li>Easiest and best if your computer boots from a CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Set BIOS to boot from CD-ROM 1st </li></ul><ul><li>Insert CD-ROM, restart </li></ul><ul><li>It will automatically boot from CD and run Winnt </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  17. 17. Floppy Disk & CD-ROM <ul><li>Use this if cannot boot from CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Set BIOS to boot from floppy 1st </li></ul><ul><li>Insert floppy #1, restart computer </li></ul><ul><li>It will ask you to insert other three disks, then the CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Hint: can make floppy set by running d:ootdiskmakeboot.exe or d:ootdiskmakebt32.exe </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  18. 18. Network Installation <ul><li>Can install WS03 from a network share on another computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good if you have a diskless computer or one without a working CD-ROM drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also useful if you have a large network and plan to implement many WS03 servers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires you to have a working computer that connects to network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share the server’s drive, open from new server, run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  19. 19. Install from Existing Op System <ul><li>Requires DOS, Windows 3-1, Windows 9x, or Windows Server already on the server </li></ul><ul><li>Use this method to have a dual boot machine or if you want to upgrade to Windows 2003 Server </li></ul><ul><li>1 st dialog will ask if you want to upgrade to Windows 2003 or do a clean install </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean is much better unless you have a reason for doing the upgrade </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  20. 20. Unattended Installation <ul><li>Usually performed as a network install </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a script file that contains all the answers to the questions the setup wizard asks </li></ul><ul><li>winnt32 /s:isnti386 /unattend:unattend.txt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses a share called i386 on MISNT and the answers in a script file called unattend.txt </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  21. 21. Unattended Install, contd. <ul><li>Can create a uniqueness database file (UDF) with unique answers for each server (they cannot have same name or IP address, etc) </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  22. 22. Stepping Through Installation <ul><li>Part 1 – assumes CD-ROM install </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setup inspects the hardware and asks you to setup Windows 2003, repair an existing WS03 installation, and to quit Setup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents licensing agreement – press F8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scans hard drive for previous installations of Windows 2003; it offers to repair if it finds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setup determines current partitions. Can install on existing, delete, or make new partition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose file system – FAT or NTFS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies lots of files, then reboots into WS03 (remove CD) </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  23. 23. Setup, contd. <ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathers information about the computer’s HW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change regional settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter your name and organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter product key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose licensing mode and # CALs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter computer name and admin PW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select components to install </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If modem installed, provide dialing information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify time and date accuracy </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  24. 24. Setup, contd. <ul><li>Part 2, contd. </li></ul><ul><li>Configures network settings – either typical or custom where you enter static IP information </li></ul><ul><li>Specify workgroup name if not joining an existing domain </li></ul><ul><li>Installs the components you requested </li></ul><ul><li>Remove WS03 CD, restart, and go to work! </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  25. 25. Testing New Server <ul><li>Logon with Ctrl+Alt+Del </li></ul><ul><li>Use Administrator username and PW </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  26. 26. Creating ERD <ul><li>Create one every time you install software, make a server configuration change, install a new adapter, add a NIC, or upgrade the operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Can start the Backup Wizard and click the Emergency Repair Disk button </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  27. 27. Troubleshooting Installation <ul><li>Ensure processor and HW is on HCL </li></ul><ul><li>Test all HW before installing Windows 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Run manufacturer’s diagnostics before installing Windows 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>See troubleshooting tips … </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  28. 28. Installing Service Packs <ul><li>Back up server and make ERD </li></ul><ul><li>Download service pack to a folder on the server </li></ul><ul><li>Close all active windows </li></ul><ul><li>Run the service pack file and follow directions </li></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server
  29. 29. Uninstalling Windows 2000 <ul><li>Nah…. </li></ul><ul><li>But it would be a good idea to prepare a disk image of the boot drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norton or Symantec Ghost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be quickly restored if drive is replaced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then can be more deliberate at restoring data backups </li></ul></ul>MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server