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Wireless Intelligent Networking


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Wireless Intelligent Networking

  1. 1. Wireless Intelligent Networking SCP HLR
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>We will discuss the following topics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What Intelligent Networking is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the principles of Intelligent Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where Intelligent Networking is defined today </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What services are defined for Intelligent Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What the overall architecture is for an Intelligent Network </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Wireless Intelligent Networking? <ul><li>An Evolving Network Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Mobile Services </li></ul><ul><li>New Capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Features Controlled Outside the Switch </li></ul><ul><li>Defined for Wireline and Wireless Networks </li></ul>
  4. 4. Intelligent Network Characteristics <ul><li>It allows for rapid introduction of new services </li></ul><ul><li>It is customer and telephone provider programmable </li></ul><ul><li>It is supplier transparent and independent </li></ul><ul><li>It supports enhanced service provider access </li></ul>
  5. 5. Intelligent Networking Terms What is AIN? What is INAP? What is WIN? What is CAMEL?
  6. 6. Principles of Intelligent Networking Service Plane Global Functional Plane Distributed Functional Plane Physical Plane Service #1 BCP POI POR SIB Hardware Hardware Hardware SIB SIB SIB SIB SIB SIB SIB
  7. 7. Intelligent Network Conceptual Model An Overview Service Plane Global Functional Plane Distributed Functional Plane Physical Plane Service #1 BCP POI POR SIB SIB FE FE FE FE Hardware ISCP Hardware SSP Hardware IP SF SF Services, Service Features SIBs FEs and IFs PEs
  8. 8. Intelligent Networking Standards Customized Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) ETSI 1991 Phase 1 ETSI 1994 Phase 2 ETSI 1996 Phase 2+ R96 Phase 1 GSM TS 02.78 GSM 03.78 GSM TS 09.78 ETSI 1997 Phase 2+ R97 Phase 2 GSM TS 02.78 GSM 03.78 GSM TS 09.78 ETSI 1998 Phase 2+ R98 Phase 2 GSM TS 02.78 GSM 03.78 GSM TS 09.78 3GPP 1999 3G R99 Phase 3 3GPP TS 22.078 3GPP TS 23.078 3GPP TS 29.078 3GPP 2000 3G Rel-4 Phase 3 3GPP TS 22.078 3GPP TS 23.078 3GPP TS 29.078 3GPP 2002 3G Rel-5 Phase 4 3GPP TS 22.078 3GPP TS 23.278 3GPP TS 29.078 3GPP 2004 3G Rel-6 Phase 4 3GPP TS 22.078 3GPP TS 23.278 3GPP TS 29.078 3GPP 2006 3G Rel-7 Phase 4 3GPP TS 22.078 3GPP TS 23.278 3GPP TS 29.078 Resp Year GSM Release CAMEL Phase CAMEL Stage 1 CAMEL Stage 2 CAMEL Stage 3
  9. 9. Intelligent Networking Standards Wireless Intelligent Networking (WIN) Intersystem Standards TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 CNAM (IS-764) WIN Phase 1 (IS-771) TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 TIA/EIAIS-764 WIN PPC (IS-826) TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 TIA/EIA/IS-764 TIA/EIA/IS-751 TIA/EIA/IS-771 WIN Phase 2 (IS-848) TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 TIA/EIA/IS-730 TIA/EIA/IS-751 TIA/EIA/IS-764 TIA/EIA/IS-771 TIA/EIA/IS-826 7-97 4-98 12-98 7-00 10-00 01-04 06-04 3GPP2 X.S0010-A TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 TIA/EIA/IS-737 TIA/EIA/IS-807 TIA/EIA/IS-826 TIA/EIA/IS-841 TIA/EIA/IS-848 DMH 3GPP2 X.S0009-0 TIA/EIA-41 TIA/EIA-664 TIA/EIA/IS-764 TIA/EIA/IS-771 TIA/EIA/IS-848 J-STD-036-A DMH TIA/EIA/IS-826 TIA-881
  10. 10. Intelligent Networking Phases CAMEL CAMEL Phase 1 CAMEL Phase 2 <ul><li>Additional EDPs </li></ul><ul><li>interaction between a user and a service using announcements, voice prompting and information collection via in-band or USSD interaction; </li></ul><ul><li>Control of call duration and transfer of AoC Information to the ms; </li></ul><ul><li>The CSE can be informed about the invocation of the supplementary services ECT, CD and MPTY; </li></ul><ul><li>For easier post-processing, charging information from a serving node can be integrated in normal call records. </li></ul><ul><li>Support of facilities to avoid overload; </li></ul><ul><li>Capabilities to support Dialed Services; </li></ul><ul><li>Capabilities to handle mobility events, such as not-reachable and roaming; </li></ul><ul><li>Control of GPRS sessions and PDP contexts; </li></ul><ul><li>Control of mobile originating SMS through both CS and PS serving network entities; </li></ul><ul><li>Interworking with SoLSA (Support of Localized Service Area) (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>The CSE can be informed about the invocation of the SS CCBS. </li></ul>CAMEL Phase 3 <ul><li>Control of MO, MT and MF calls </li></ul><ul><li>Any time interrogation </li></ul><ul><li>Support of Optimal Routing for CS mobile to mobile calls; </li></ul><ul><li>Capability of the CSE to create additional parties in an existing call; </li></ul><ul><li>Capability for the CSE to create a new call unrelated to any other existing call; </li></ul><ul><li>Capabilities for the enhanced handling of call party connections; </li></ul><ul><li>Capability for the CSE to control sessions in the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced CSE capability for dialed services; </li></ul><ul><li>The capability to report basic service changes during ongoing call; </li></ul><ul><li>The CSE capability to select between preferred and less preferred bearer services; </li></ul><ul><li>The capability for the CSE to control trunk originated calls; </li></ul><ul><li>The capability for the CSE to request additional dialed digits; </li></ul>CAMEL Phase 4 Release 5 Release 6 Release 7
  11. 11. Intelligent Networking Phases WIN WIN Phase 1 WIN Pre-Paid Charging <ul><li>Pre-Paid Charging (Voice) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Charging Services </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers for Preferred Language </li></ul><ul><li>Advice of Charge </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection of Undesired Annoying Calls </li></ul><ul><li>Premium Rate Charging </li></ul><ul><li>Freephone </li></ul>WIN Phase 2 <ul><li>Voice Controlled Services </li></ul><ul><li>Incoming Call Screening </li></ul><ul><li>Calling Name Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>PPC Enhancements for Circuit-Switched Data and SMS </li></ul>3GPP2 X.S0010-A <ul><li>WIN Support for Location Based Services </li></ul>3GPP2 X.S0009-0
  12. 12. Intelligent Networking Architecture Overall MSC STP STP SCP Intelligent Peripheral MSC HLR VLR VLR Service Creation
  13. 13. Intelligent Network Architecture The MSC/VLR and HLR MSC STP SCP Intelligent Peripheral MSC VLR VLR Service Creation STP <ul><li>Basic Call State Model (BCSM) </li></ul><ul><li>O-BCSM </li></ul><ul><li>T-BCSM </li></ul><ul><li>Detection Points </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers </li></ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul><ul><li>Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>CCF/SSF </li></ul>HLR
  14. 14. Intelligent Network Architecture The Signaling Network SCP Intelligent Peripheral Service Creation <ul><li>STP Translations </li></ul><ul><li>Routes </li></ul><ul><li>GTT </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LSL, HSL, IP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitor Signaling Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnection Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway Screening </li></ul>HLR VLR MSC VLR MSC STP STP
  15. 15. Intelligent Network Architecture The SCP and IP Intelligent Peripheral Service Creation <ul><li>Interfaces with the MSC (CCF/SCF) </li></ul><ul><li>Contains Service Logic (SCF) </li></ul><ul><li>Service Data (SDF) </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized Resources (SRF) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DTMF Receivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interfaces with other Databases </li></ul>HLR VLR MSC VLR MSC STP STP SCP
  16. 16. Intelligent Network Architecture Service Creation <ul><li>Service Design </li></ul><ul><li>Service Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Service Validation & Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Service Activation </li></ul><ul><li>Service Assurance </li></ul>Service Creation HLR VLR MSC VLR MSC STP STP SCP Intelligent Peripheral
  17. 17. Intelligent Networking Protocol Network Link Data Link D U P T U P I S D N U P SCCP TCAP Applications MTP … the fundamental idea of the SS7 protocol is to divide functions into MTP and various user parts... 1 2 3 4, 5, 6 7
  18. 18. Sample Call Flow Scenario CAMEL Pre-Paid InitialDP Request Report BCSM; Establish Temporary Connection Disconnect Forward Connection; Request Report BCSM; Continue Event Report BCSM Apply Charging; Request Report BCSM; Continue Apply Charging Report Event Report BCSM Release Call SCP gsmSCF MSC VLR gsmSSF 1 4 6 7 2 3 5 8
  19. 19. Sample Call Flow Scenario WIN Pre-Paid VLR Serving System orreq (DMH_SVCID = PPC) ORREQ (MSCID, MSID, MDN, BILLID, DGTSDIAL, TRIGTYPE ) IP SCP MSC call origination Balance above threshold ANYLZD (MSCID, TRANSCAP, WINCAP, MSID, MDN, BILLID, DGTSDIAL, RoutinInfo, TRIGTYPE, TOD, TDO ) SEIZERES (SRFCapability, PLIND ) seizeres (TLDN ) CONNRES (DSTDGTS, CARDGTS, ROUTDGTS) call setup to IP INSTREQ SRFDIR (ANNLIST ) announcement srfdir anylzd call release instreq call setup answer OANSWER (MSCID, MSID, MDN, BILLID, TRIGTYPE, TOD, TDO ) answer disconnect ODISCONNECT (MSCID, MSID, MDN, BILLID, TRIGTYPE, RELCAUSE, TOD, TDO ) odisconnect call release Origination_Attempt_Authorized Calling_Routing_Address_Available O_Answer O_Disconnect
  20. 20. In Conclusion <ul><ul><li>Wireless Intelligent Networking allows the service provider to rapidly introduce new services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Pre-Pay is a common application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are two overall standards employed today – CAMEL and WIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining and monitoring the Common Channel Signaling (CCS) network is critical to its success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding and troubleshooting the SS7 protocol is a key part of that success. </li></ul></ul>