Infrastructure update 2003-12-17.ppt


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  • This is a general overview presentation about Internet2. Internet2 is a consortium, led by US universities, which is recreating the partnership among academia, industry and government that fostered today’s Internet in its infancy.
  • Infrastructure update 2003-12-17.ppt

    1. 1. Internet2 Infrastructure Update Rick Summerhill Associate Director, Backbone Network Infrastructure, Internet2 CANARIE and GEANT Meeting Ann Arbor 18 December 2003
    2. 2. Infrastructure Projects <ul><li>Develop/provide advanced production infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abilene Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAN LAN (Manhattan Landing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abilene Observatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering (IPv6/multicast, measurement, transport, demos) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enable/explore next generation optical networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet’s role in NLR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FiberCo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOPI (Hybrid Optical Packet Infrastructure – Chris will discuss this project) </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Advanced Production Infrastructure
    4. 4. Abilene Network – Upgrade Completed!
    5. 5. Abilene router node Power Out-of-band Ethernet Switch T640 router M5 router Power (48V DC) Measurement Servers SPACE! Observatory Rack
    6. 6. Abilene Financial Model - 2004 $480k $490k $490k (2003) 10 Gbps (SONET/ Ethernet) $360k $430k $495k (2000) OC-48c (2.5 Gbps) $280k $325k $325k (2001) Gig E (1 Gbps) $240k $270k $320k (1998) OC-12c (622 Mpbs) ($110k) ($110k) $110k (1998) OC-3c (155 Mbps) 2004 2003 Original
    7. 7. Abilene Participants December 2003 <ul><li>IP-over-DWDM (OC-192c) and IP-over-SONET OC-48c Backbone </li></ul><ul><li>47 Connectors (OC-3c  10 GigE), may drop to 39 over the next year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 10 GigE connections, expected to increase next year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 OC-48c, probably will remain the same </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 GigE connection, expected to increase next year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14 OC-12c, probably will remain the same next year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23 OC-3c, expected to decrease next year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>224 participants – research universities & labs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All 50 states, District of Columbia, & Puerto Rico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregation on the rise! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expanded access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>92 sponsored participants, expected to increase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32 State networks, expected to increase </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. SC2003 Bandwidth Challenge
    9. 9. MAN LAN Exchange Point <ul><li>Internet2/NYSERnet/Indiana U partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Ethernet Switch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cisco 6513 (with new fabric/backplane soon) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in 32 Avenue of the Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>same building as Abilene New York City router node </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CA*net (Canada) bringing in OC-192 to same building </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transatlantic (Abilene/SURFnet) connection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OC-192c from Amsterdam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabled by IEEAF and Tyco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GLIF (Global Lambda Integration Facility) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installing Cisco 15454 switch – more on this later </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Abilene Observatory <ul><li>A program to provide enhanced support of computer science research over Abilene </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create network data archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of many separate databases on a variety of servers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forms a large correlated database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create tools to access the database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support from/for network researchers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide data views for a real-time snapshot of Abilene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide server collocation for direct network measurement and experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources reserved for additional servers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power (DC), rack space (2RU), router uplink ports (GigE) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial deployment is PlanetLab overlay network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional requests from SDSC AMP project and research team from Japan </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Advanced Engineering <ul><li>MPLS Experiments – Teragrid examples </li></ul><ul><li>Large MTUs </li></ul><ul><li>Security and the REN-ISAC </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Restoration Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>FAST TCP Experimentation </li></ul>
    12. 12. Advanced Engineering - Example <ul><li>FAST TCP is an advanced, delay-based TCP flavor being developed at Caltech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet2 is working with Caltech, SoX, PNW, NC-ITEC, and PSC to test FAST TCP over a production network - Abilene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results include:   - Congesting 2.5Gb/s OC-48 link going into SoX with FAST TCP traffic with no adverse effects on conventional traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no packet loss during 1-hour test with a delay increase of only 5 ms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence that FAST TCP plays nicely with production traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrently, a useful network performance test tool was developed - i2perf   </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Next Generation Optical Networking
    14. 14. One underlying hypothesis: the rise of the RONs <ul><li>The fundamental nature of regional networking is changing </li></ul><ul><li>The GigaPoP model based on provisioned, high-capacity services steadily is being replaced – on the metro and regional scales </li></ul><ul><li>A model of facility-based networking built with owned assets – Regional Optical Networks (RONs) – has emerged </li></ul><ul><li>Notably, the importance of regional networks in the traditional three-level hierarchy of U.S. advanced networking for R&E is not diminished </li></ul>
    15. 15. RONs will influence Infrastructure Efforts <ul><li>Abilene Network </li></ul><ul><li>FiberCo </li></ul><ul><li>Internet2’s role in NLR </li></ul><ul><li>HOPI </li></ul><ul><li>Quilt (Fiber project) </li></ul>
    16. 16. FiberCo <ul><li>Designed to support optical initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not an operational entity – Will not light any fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holding company for any future initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National initiatives (e.g., NLR) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>FiberCo progress: assignments underway and anticipated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NLR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wyoming, Indiana, and Michigan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursuing Texas, upstate New York, and Florida </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expect to cover Internet2 investment ($2.7M) in 2004 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Hybrid Optical/Packet Infrastructure (HOPI) <ul><li>Need to converge the two worlds of packet (Abilene) and optical circuit (GLIF) networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concern about IP packet network scaling (lack of >10 Gbps transport) and drawbacks (security, large data flows) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely recognized that the current GLIF optical networking model does not scale beyond a limited number of sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, dedicated capabilities allow a vehicle for advanced testing (transport technologies beyond TCP) and very high-end requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential end-states: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid model – with centrally and perhaps ‘user’ driven allocation of dedicated capabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of hybrid experience on packet network design </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. HOPI – Chris Heermann <ul><li>Abilene high-performance IP network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capabilities for MPLS tunnels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10-Gbps  over full NLR footprint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect some type of ‘TDM’ infrastructure to be provisioned by Internet2 in collaboration with NLR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional capital investment required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tie points for international collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MAN LAN (NYC) and IEEAF  (NYC-Amsterdam) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>StarLight collaboration (Chicago) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect similar capabilities to emerge in Seattle (Pacific Wave) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Internet2 MAN LAN 15454
    20. 20. Infrastructure Priorities for 2004 <ul><li>Drive process to develop HOPI architecture and begin testbed efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate RON paradigm/deployment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quilt Fiber project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FiberCo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expand Abilene Observatory to support a broader set of network researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Expand Abilene services (security & performance) and encourage connector upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>Play a critical role in NLR development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance and implementation </li></ul></ul>