Definition: Networking According to Webopedia (


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Definition: Networking According to Webopedia (

  1. 1. Definition: Networking According to Webopedia ( a network in its simplest terms is a group of two or more computers linked together. There are a number of different kinds of networks. Local area networks or LANs are computers linked in relative close proximity like a building. Wide area networks or WANs are computers linked at greater distances by phone lines or wirelessly. Metropolitan area networks or MANs connect computers in a city or town. There are also HANs, home area networks or PANS, personal area networks. These are usually found in a home.
  2. 2. Links to information on networking: Internetworking Technology Handbook Abstract: Cisco Systems has put together a very comprehensive look at network terms, configurations, apparatus and networking history. This site discusses all of the following as LAN protocol, Introduction to LAN Protocols, Introduction to WAN Technologies, Bridging Basics, Routing Basics, Network Management Basics, Ethernet, Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI), Token Ring/IEEE 802.5, Frame Relay, High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI), Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), Point to Point Protocol (PPP), Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS), Dial-Up Technologies, Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC) and Derivatives, X.25, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), Voice/Data Integration Technologies. Wireless, Digital Subscriber Line, Cable Technologies, Transparent Bridging, Mixed Media Bridging, Source-Route Bridging (SRB), LAN Switching, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Switching, MPLS, Data- Link Switching (DLSw), Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Protocols, Internet Protocols (IP), IPv6, Xerox Network Systems, NetWare Protocols, Apple Talk, Banyan VINEs, IBM Systems Network Architecture (SNA) Protocols, DECnet, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), BM System Network Architecture (SNA) Routing, Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP), Internet Protocol (IP) Multicast, NetWare Link-Services Protocol (NLSP), Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Routing Protocol, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Routing Information Protocol (RIP), Resource-Reservation Protocol (RSVP), Quality of Service (QoS), Simple Multicast Routing Protocol (SMRP), Security Technologies, Directory-Enabled Networking, Networking Caching Technologies, IBM Network Management, Remote Monitoring (RMON), Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), Multiservice Access Technologies and Tag Switching. Hobbes' Internet Timeline - the definitive ARPAnet & Internet History Abstract: This is a site that contains the history of networking in a timeline format. It includes events leading to the development of networks from the 1950’s through the 2000’s. Networking: WANs, MANs, LANs, And PANs Connect Everyone Wired, wireless, and optical technologies make any communication possible. Louis E. Frenzel ED Online ID #2137 April 29, 2002 Abstract: This site explains what WANs, LANs, MANs, and PANs are. It also give a very short history of networking. It explains the development of Ethernet technology, its progress and its importance to the development of networks.
  3. 3. Networks Abstract: This is a complete site on networking. It discusses the different types of network equipment including gateways, routers, twisted pairs, copper wire, fiber optics and various wireless connections. It gives a history of the networking, Silk Road Inc. Abstract: Silk Road, a networking company, constructed a site that has linked pages that discuss a brief history of networking starting in 1791 with the French “Optical Telegraph Network”. It is a work in progress and goes through the year 1992 with future sites being constructed that will handle the history up through 2005 Technical Pages: ARC Electronics a DCE Company Abstract: This site will tell you more than you ever wanted to know about all technical acronyms. It contains a complete glossary of acronyms and their meanings. It also contains a link to Networking Magazine. This online magazine contains a video that is updated daily on cutting edge network information. It also contains links to tutorials on subjects such a the need for surge protectors, modem speed; basically everything having to do with networks and networking. IToolBox Networking Knowledge Base Abstract: Itoolbox, though a little hard to navigate, contains networking information on a number of topics. They include: architecture, connectivity, network servers, protocols, infrastructure, storage and wireless solutions. This is a commercial site. The user is required to fill out a personal information form before he/she can access what are termed as “white papers”. But the information is worth the time it takes to fill it out. Howstuffworks Abstract: As the name suggests this site tells how things work. The above link goes directly to the computer page. It has information on Walkie-Talkie networks, WiFi’s Radio technology, configuring WiFi, WiFi security, setting up a hotspot in your home and others. It is a commercial site so there is a mixture of advertising and information links. Computer Networking and Wireless Network Home Internet Abstract: This site has a number of articles about wireless networking and links to such topics as: Wireless Networking, Networking Tutorial, Computer Networking Glossary of terms, Internet Protocol IP Networking Tutorial, Broadband and Wireless Router Networking, DSL vs Cable Modem. It is a straight-forward site easily navigated and the articles are well written and easy to understand.
  4. 4. Network Reference Information Abstract: This contains over100 links full of information including a section on frequently asked questions. Some of the links have been moved so it takes a while to navigate to the various sites. Some of the topics that are covered are Security/Privacy/Decency/Freedom of Expression, Wide Area Networking, Network and Transport Layers to name a few of the main headings. Some of the information is very technical and other is written in laymen’s terms. References: Dominick, J., Wireless on Campus.Syllabus,14, 18-22. Retrieved August 5, 2005 From ERIC database. Abstract: Discussion of wireless technology focuses on whether there is enough value in a wireless infrastructure for schools to justify the cost. Considers issues campuses must face, including access to the Internet, telecommunications, and networking; explains technical details; and describes wireless initiatives at Wake Forest University. (LRW) Maple, A., Henderson, T., (2000). Prelude to a digital music library at the Pennsylvania State University: Networking audio for academic library users. Library Resources & Technical Services, 44, 190-95. Retrieved August 4, 2005 From ERIC Abstract: Describes the creation of a digital music library at Pennsylvania State University. Highlights include infrastructure, including hardware, software, and streaming technology; the digitization of library collections, including copyright considerations, long-term preservation of audio, and access through the library's online catalog; staffing; and funding. (LRW) North Central Regional Technology in Education Consortium, (2001) Guiding questions for technology planning. ERS Spectrum, 30, 16-22. Retrieved August 5, 2005 From ERIC database. Abstract: Presents guiding questions developed by the U.S. Department of Education's Technology Planning Task Force. Questions revolve around creating a vision of learning, using technology to support the mission, developing a supportive infrastructure, understanding the plan's context, garnering public support, and implementing and evaluating the plan. Liang-Liang X., Kumar, P.R., (2004) A Network Information Theory for Wireless Communication: Scaling Laws and Optimal Operation. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 50, 748. Retrieved August 5, 2005 from EBSCO Host Research Database.
  5. 5. Abstract: This article, though very technical, gives information on the proper placement of equipment. It answers the questions of how much information can a wireless network transport and how should a wireless network be operated? Parker, L. T., Thomas, W. R. (1999). Guidelines for technology equipment selection and use: An SREB model for schools and campuses. Retrieved August 3, 2005 from ERIC database Abstract: In the winter of 1999, the Southern Regional Education Board's (SREB's) Educational Technology Cooperative analyzed technology equipment standards and guidelines from state departments of education and higher education agencies in the SREB states. This report, which is based on a summary of these guidelines and standards, reflects the Educational Technology Cooperative's perspective on what constitutes good decision-making regarding technology equipment. It provides schools and campuses with reliable, up-to-date information about technology equipment from a regional perspective. The first section presents an overview of the type of computer technology required for a well-equipped school or campus in 1999-2000. The remaining sections discuss: work station configurations; local area networking (LANs); network operating systems and servers; connecting LANs to wide area networks (WANs); electronic mail; other technical considerations; and associated planning activities. Several appendixes include the following: excerpted paragraphs from "Vision for Technology Infrastructure, Appendix B.1" from the "Louisiana State Plan for Educational Technology"; important operational considerations; preferred minimum PC (compatible with Microsoft Windows) and Apple Macintosh configurations; Ethernet technology and network management and configurations; state education agencies with equipment standards or guidelines; essential technical guidelines for within building networks; and a glossary of technical terms. Even though this was written in 1999 the process is still the same an applicable to anyone who has the task of building a school network. (AEF) Schweitzer, D., (2005), “Be Prepared for Cyberterrorism” Computerworld. 39, 42 Retrieved August 5, 2005 From EBSCO Host Research Database Abstract: This article is included in this reference list even though it doesn’t explain networks, their apparatus or vernacular. It does refer to a very real danger with networks, cyber terrorism. Its approach does not sensationalize the problem of cyber terrorism but puts it in context and describes what could happen in the event of a terrorist attack whether it is directly through Internet or disrupts network activity by other means. The article gives direction to minimize the effect that any terrorist attack might have on a network.