Short Stories Presentation


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Short Stories Presentation

  1. 1. SHORT STORIES By: Joanna Szewczak and Nikki Boggs
  2. 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF FRENCH SHORT STOREIS <ul><li>1456 – an anonmous collection of short pieces of fiction published under the title Les Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles (A Hundred Short Stories) appeared. </li></ul><ul><li>17 th Century – short stories were not so short, rather long and complex. </li></ul><ul><li>In 17 th and 18 th centuries the genre included the fairy tale and stories based on animals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conte : storytelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nouvelle : story about a recent event </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1900, almost all French adults were literate and with the help of the printing press the number of books published rose from 2,000 copies per year to 15,000 copies per year. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TIME LINE CONTINUED… <ul><li>The first half of the 20 th Century was described as the “thin era” for the short story. </li></ul><ul><li>While the second half witnessed some exciting developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camus’s Exile and the Kingdom marked a high point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The decision to attribute prizes to the short story marked a significant gain in status for the short story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider range of genres, including, the erotic short story, the detective fiction short story, the science fiction short story, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The most striking development is the way short stories writing has opened up to women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major changes when the short story draws different voices, attracting new readers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herve Guibert gained iconic status in France when he wrote about AIDS </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. TWO MOST FAMOUS PRACTITIONERS <ul><li>Prosper M érimée </li></ul><ul><li>Guy de Maupassant </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer and expert of elegant ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Published only 18 stories </li></ul><ul><li>Considers ‘The Venus of Ille’ (1837) to be his masterpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Master of form </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote 300 stories </li></ul><ul><li>Exposes the shortcomings & weaknesses of human beings </li></ul>
  5. 5. SHORT STORY FORMAT <ul><li>At first, very enormous in length </li></ul><ul><li>20 th Century Writer, Andre Gide, thought the short story should be able to be read in a single sitting (1 hour) </li></ul><ul><li>Should create an intensity of effect on the reader </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge to writer to set up a situation and resolver it, bring characters to life and let them go in a matter of pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a surprise effect at the very last moment, causing reader to reconsider what previously occurred </li></ul><ul><li>Reader is either aware of where the writer is headed in the story or left to use their imagination </li></ul>
  6. 6. Anna Gavalda <ul><li>D.O.B. December 9,1970 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French high school teacher and award-winning novelist </li></ul><ul><li>Divorced mother of two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis (1996) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Félicité (1999) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currently lives in the small city of Melun, Seine-et-Marne (just outside of Paris) </li></ul>
  7. 7. History as a writer <ul><li>Her first short stories published in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>(&quot; Je voudrais que quelqu'un m'attende quelque part’’ ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2003: I Wish Someone Were Waiting for Me Somewhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Courting Rituals of the Saint-Germain-des-Pr é s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Real life, modern situation, imagery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional, unexpected ending </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winner of the 2000 Grand Prix RTL-Lire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Académie Francaise Short Story Award) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Bestseller  </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. History continued… <ul><li>Novels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2002: Someone I Loved (Je l'aimais) > </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inspired by the failure of her </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>own marriage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-International Bestseller  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-currently in the works of being filmed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>< 2002: 95 lbs. Of Hope </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(35 kilos d’espoir) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- &quot;to pay tribute to those of my students who were dunces in school, but otherwise fantastic people&quot;. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. History continued… <ul><li>Novels continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2004: Hunting and Gathering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(“ Ensemble, c'est tout”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>made into a movie in 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writes for the French </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>edition of ELLE magazine </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Anna’s Success <ul><li>Stories have been translated into 36 different languages and distributed throughout several countries </li></ul><ul><li>Sold over 3 million copies of her three novels in France alone (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Best-selling author </li></ul><ul><li>Widely looked upon as one of France’s newest scholarly stars! </li></ul>^ Anna in her workspace ^
  11. 11. Discussion <ul><li>How does Anna’s writing style differ from the other authors of short stories? </li></ul><ul><li>In both stories, did Anna’s writing style lead you to believe the story would end differently? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think Anna refers to the woman in the story “Pregnant” in the third person? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you feel any empathy for the characters in Anna’s stories? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you prefer Anna’s short stories or those from The Oxford Book of Short Stories? Why? </li></ul>