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Introduction to composition in photography

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  • Patterns, both natural and man-made, bring a sense of visual rhythm and harmony to photographsPatterns appear whenever strong graphic elements—lines, colours, shapes, or forms—repeat themselves.Once you do become aware of the power of patterns, you will discover them almost everywhere: in a field of Maine lupines, in crowds of faces in a stadium, even in the zigs and zags of modern architecture. The secret to finding patterns is to explore potential subjects from a variety of angles.
  • Textures add interest, visual impact and realism to an image.They draw in the viewers eye.Textures help the photographer to represent a sense of realism within their work.Textures can also be seen through patterns and shapes.
  • Colour within photography is very important, especially within advertising / commercial imagery.It can be used for artistic impression or to use selective colour for impact.Some images work better in colour than black and white and vice versa.
  • Shape is used within an image to draw the viewers eye and to lead it to the main subject or often the subject can be the shape/object itself. Shape within photography can be a common shape or figurative.
  • Shadow within photography can be used to create mystery and intrigue and can also be quite flattering for portraits “ this is known as low key”.Shadow can also be used to explore shape and pattern within an image.
  • Line in a photograph can be used to draw the viewer ‘s eye to a particular subject, horizon or even create pattern within an image. This is a very effective way to create visual interest within a subject.
  • Scale is a very creative way of creating interest within a photograph, this can be done with trickery of the eye, props and the magic of photo shop!
  • Angle of view can create visual interest but can also make things appear bigger than they seem, they can enhance and create intrigue.Angle can be used creatively and can create impact within your image.Think about crouching down low, lying on the floor, shooting from the hip and birds eye view when photographing.
  • Compositionnphotography

    1. 1. Composition “10 or More Ways of Seeing”
    2. 2. What is Composition? • The word composition means combining or putting together parts to form a whole. • Composition can apply to many works of human endeavor including music and writing – in fact anything that is arranged or ‘put together’ using conscious thought.
    3. 3. Aims & Objectives for the Class Aim: To develop an understanding & Document Composition and the elements of composition to aid your own visual studies. To look at the work of artists who demonstrate the elements of composition within their work. Objectives: All learners will: Investigate/research elements of composition. Most Learners will: Will find examples of elements of composition in their own work, print these images out and place in their sketchbook and write about this commenting on the elements used. Some Learner will: Manipulate their own images to make them stronger compositions and print the before and after images in their sketchbook commenting on tools used and why they changed their image
    4. 4. In this presentation we are going to look at some of the most important ‘rules’ or conventions of composition: • • • • • • • • . Rule of Thirds Pattern Texture Colour Shape Pattern & Repetition Crop Framing Space Tone Line Shadow Symmetry Scale Angle Subject
    5. 5. Learning ‘rules’ about art can seem stifling or constricting – if all artists just follow a set of rules then their art would look very similar and become very boring. Many original artists manage to break or ‘bend’ these rules or conventions, but to do so successfully they first had to fully understand the rules and conventions
    6. 6. “Rule of Thirds” • Divide the image into thirds as shown – If the main visual components (things in the image) lie on or near the lines then the image often tends to look ‘right’. In this image the horizon line is on one of the bisectors. • [Remember, rules are there to be broken - once you understand and can follow them!]
    7. 7. Texture
    8. 8. Crop & Framing Cropping – Cropping can be used to mainly be selective of what you want to show but photographers also use cropping within the frame for humour and in the case above linked with scale to add humour. Framing is a great compositional tool to use to draw the viewers eye to the subject matter or can become part of the subject matter itself.
    9. 9. Symmetry Symmetry can be used in photography to draw in the views eye to create pattern and to also create a contemporary approach to your work.
    10. 10. Scale
    11. 11. Angle
    12. 12. Depth of Field Depth of field is a photographic term used to describe the focal area of an image. An image with a shallow or short depth of field has a short/ small focal range therefore you can achieve a portrait which is in focus with a blurred background. A large or greater depth of field with have a wider focal range and sharper throughout the whole image creating a flatter image overall. This effect works well to seclude/enhance the subject/focal point.
    13. 13. Task: Working in groups of two use the your own images to find three examples of the compositional elements. discussing what you like visually about the images and ideas you can use for future pictures. Manipulate at least one of your images in Photoshop to make it a better composition possibly cropping the image or changing the contrast. Please print out at least 4 images that illustrate compositional elements. Please place these in your sketchbook and write about what compositional elements these images use and why you think its a good image. Use vocabulary words.
    14. 14. Photographers Who emphasis the use of Compositional Elements Within Their work Key photographer to explore include: Bill Brandt, Henri Cartier Bresson, Elliott Erwitt, Paul Strand plus many other which you can find for yourself throughout a combination of books, magazines, the internet, galleries and blogs.
    15. 15. Homework for next Photography Class • Complete at least 3 pages(depending on sketchbook size?) within your sketchbook exploring at least 5 compositional element including your own images that illustrate this and written comments about the compositional elements used and why you like it. Please use vocabulary words.