Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

NetSquared Camp Cameroon - N Computing Presentation


Published on

NetSquared is focused on the intersection of technology and social impact. We create opportunities for all those involved in creating change to connect: whether you are a nonprofit or a foundation, a designer or a developer, a changemaker or an entrepreneur.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

NetSquared Camp Cameroon - N Computing Presentation

  1. 1. BRIDGING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE WITH SUSTAINABILITY May 2010 Presenter : Emmanuel Kijem Managing Director Softprix Sarl
  2. 2. SUMMARY <ul><li>Digital Divide (DD) Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Computing Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability Issues </li></ul><ul><li>The nComputing Solution </li></ul><ul><li>How nComputing helps in bridging the Digital Divide </li></ul>
  3. 3. FOUNDATIONS OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY Industrial Age Optimization Making products, services & processes better Information Age Innovation “ Invention refers to new concepts or products that derive from individual’s ideas or from scientific research. Innovation, on the other hand, is the commercialization of the invention itself.” Innovation ZEN Blog
  4. 4. FOUNDATIONS OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY Information Society Innovation Information Information Technology (IT)
  5. 5. THE INFORMATION SOCIETY <ul><li>&quot;The number one benefit of information technology is that it empowers people to do what they want to do. It lets people be creative. It lets people be productive. It lets people learn things they didn't think they could learn before, and so in a sense it is all about potential .&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steve Ballmer, CEO Microsoft </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The POTENTIAL to Innovate </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal distribution within countries (e.g. USA) </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal distribution worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>This has been called the Digital Divide </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHAT IS THE DIGITAL DIVIDE? <ul><li>The gap between people who possess regular access to technology and those who do not have this access. </li></ul><ul><li>By technology, we mean computers, computer resources and Information Technology (IT) functions like the ability to get on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Term originated in the 1990s and was much used in the early days by the Clinton Administration (USA) to discuss what could be done about bridging this gap. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ways to look at or consider the digital divide. For people like President Clinton, the divide separated the “haves and have-nots” within the US </li></ul><ul><li>An International issue that is one of the main drivers of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva (December 2003) and in Tunis (November 2005) </li></ul>
  7. 7. &quot;It is dangerously destabilizing to have half the world on the cutting edge of technology while the other half struggles on the bare edge of survival.&quot; Bill Clinton
  8. 8. THE 3 Cs OF THE DIGITAL DIVIDE Closing the Divide Content Connectivity Computers
  9. 9. DIGITAL DIVIDE QUOTES &quot;An individual poor person is an isolated island by himself and herself. IT can end that isolation overnight.&quot; Prof. Muhammad Yunus Founder, GRAMEEN Bank &quot;I do not fear computers. I fear the lack of them.&quot; Isaac Asimov Science fiction writer
  10. 10. ACCESS TO COMPUTING RESOURCES <ul><li>Access to computer resources is at the heart of the fight to close the Digital Divide </li></ul><ul><li>Major priority for most countries and the United Nations (WSIS) </li></ul><ul><li>President Paul Biya’ speech at Lycée Général le Clerc in Nov. 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>President’s vision: Cameroon prepares youth for Information Society </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of IT training in schools (Multimedia Centres) </li></ul><ul><li>Many other Digital Divide Initiatives ongoing </li></ul>
  11. 11. COST BARRIERS Barrier Description Equipment <ul><li>Cost of acquiring sufficient numbers of PCs to attain 1:1 user/PC ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficient use of existing PCs (1 – 5% capacity) </li></ul><ul><li>High dependence on used PCs (due to purchase price) </li></ul>Software <ul><li>High cost of software </li></ul><ul><li>No significant Open Source initiatives yet </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of software tools for high performance training </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of software tools for investment protection </li></ul>Training <ul><li>Shortage of highly qualified IT trainers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of eLearning tools to complement and reinforce traditional training </li></ul>Support <ul><li>Unreliable equipment (used PCs) </li></ul><ul><li>High cost of maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely short PC Refresh Cycles </li></ul>
  12. 12. SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES <ul><li>TCO vs Purchase Price </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Obsolesence </li></ul><ul><li>Green Computing </li></ul>
  13. 13. WHAT IS TCO <ul><ul><ul><li>The Total Cost of Ownership or the True Cost to Own </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ TCO is as a comprehensive set of methodologies, models and tools to help organizations better measure and manage their IT investments” Gartner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is the true costs (including hidden or non-obvious costs ) associated with buying, owning, operating and upgrading a computer </li></ul></ul></ul>System Life Cycle Acquisition Operation Growth & Change Resources Hardware Software Personnel NW & Comm Facilities
  14. 14. TCO (CONT’D) <ul><ul><ul><li>Price of a computer vs Cost of a computer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typically over 5 yr period for IT capital investments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The 5-yr TCO of major computer systems can be 5-8 times the purchase price </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For PC’s, it can be up to 2-3 times the original purchase price </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Analogy </li></ul><ul><li>choice to buy one of 2 shirts A & B </li></ul><ul><li>Price of A 10,000 F CFA more than Price of B; so you buy B </li></ul><ul><li>But B requires dry-cleaning using special process </li></ul><ul><li>Each time you dry-clean, you spend 2,000 F CFA </li></ul><ul><li>After 5 washes, your initial saving is completely gone </li></ul><ul><li>The cheaper shirt to buy is actually more expensive to own </li></ul>
  15. 15. SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES (CONT’D) Technology obsolescence <ul><li>Moore’s Law sustains rapid change in PC hardware technology </li></ul><ul><li>Constant evolution in software </li></ul><ul><li>Unprecedented innovation all round </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by fierce competition </li></ul>Green Computing <ul><li>Used or refurbished PCs are typically end-of-life equipment </li></ul><ul><li>High maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Easily discarded due to low purchase price </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental cost of poor unregulated PC disposal no longer negligible </li></ul>
  16. 16. RESOLVING THE COMPUTING ACCESS PROBLEM <ul><li>One Laptop per Child (OLPC) </li></ul><ul><li>NEWDEAL – Recycling Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Refurbished PCs (Computer Aid Int’l) </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-user Computing (NComputing) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Resource Computing (SRC) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. THE NCOMPUTING SOLUTION <ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul><ul><li>How it works </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Lowering computing costs </li></ul>
  18. 18. NCOMPUTING VISION <ul><li>Expand Access & Dramatically Lower Computing Costs through Multi-User Computing </li></ul>Currently there are about 850 million people in the world who have computer access.  Researchers say that another billion people want access to computing, but simply cannot afford it because the cost of computer hardware and management is too high. NComputing's vision is to bring affordable computing to the next billion people so they can join the digital economy . Manish Sharma Vice President, Asia Pacific, NComputing.
  19. 19. NComputing Approach Optimize your Personal Computer (PC) investments by sharing 1 PC among up to 30 simutaneous users
  20. 20. ASSET CONSOLIDATION (EXAMPLE) Cost-effective and sustainable deployments Desktop Virtualization Savings Savings 20 Physical PCs 220 Virtual Desktops Savings Savings
  21. 21. How it works 1 NComputing virtualization software ( vSPACE ) runs on standard Windows or Linux Host PC 2 NComputing User eXtension Protocol ( UXP ) delivers a secure, multi-media interface 3 NComputing access devices ( XD2 ) are slim, silent, efficient, and very low cost
  22. 22. HOW IT WORKS <ul><ul><li>Many users share 1 PC. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each user has a complete work station i.e. monitor, keyboard, mouse and speakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each user has a virtual session on the OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSPACE creates and maintains the necessary virtual OS sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The user can roam from one nComputing station to the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users can communicate via nComputing messaging. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. NComputing: 3 solutions U Series L Series X Series vSpace
  24. 24. L SERIES: ETHERNET CONNECT L Series L 230 Kit <ul><li>1 L230 Access Device </li></ul><ul><li>Power adapter </li></ul><ul><li>vSPACE Software for L Series </li></ul><ul><li>User Guide </li></ul>
  25. 25. L SERIES: ETHERNET-CONNECT <ul><li>Standard LAN equipment: </li></ul><ul><li>Switch </li></ul><ul><li>CAT 5 or 6 UTP/FTP cables </li></ul><ul><li>RJ45 connectors </li></ul><ul><li>NIC </li></ul><ul><li>Standard PC equipment: </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard (PS2) </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse (PS2) </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers & Microphone </li></ul>L-Series: Ethernet Connection
  26. 26. L Series: Ethernet-connect Users have full access to network resources such as: <ul><li>File Server </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Access </li></ul><ul><li>Mail Server etc.. </li></ul>L series terminals as true clients in a typical client/server network environment. Dynamic (DHCP) or static IP addressing
  27. 27. L SERIES: ETHERNET CONNECT VESA-compliant mount Speaker USB Memory* Microphone* PS/2 Keyboard and Mouse
  28. 28. L Series: Ethernet-connect L230 <ul><li>11 users max. on desktop OS </li></ul><ul><li>30 users max. on server OS </li></ul><ul><li>USB ports (printer, USB keys, external HDD etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>No distance limitation between Host PC and terminal stations </li></ul><ul><li>power consumption: 5 watts per terminal </li></ul>Ethernet Switch Access Device
  29. 29. X SERIES: PCI-CONNECT X Series X 350 Kit <ul><li>3 XD2 Access Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Half-height PCI adapter card </li></ul><ul><li>vSPACE Software for X Series </li></ul><ul><li>User Guide </li></ul>X 550 Kit <ul><li>5 XD2 Access Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Full-height PCI adapter card </li></ul><ul><li>vSPACE Software for X Series </li></ul><ul><li>User Guide </li></ul>X 550
  30. 30. X SERIES : PCI CONNECT <ul><li>Standard PCI Card: </li></ul><ul><li>X350 or X550 </li></ul><ul><li>Max. 2 PCI cards/Host PC </li></ul><ul><li>CAT 5 or 6 UTP/FTP cables </li></ul><ul><li>RJ45 connectors </li></ul><ul><li>Standard PC Equipment: </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard (PS2) </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse (PS2) </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers </li></ul>X-Series: Direct Connection
  31. 31. X SERIES: PCI CONNECT <ul><li>11 users max. on desktop/server OS </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent multimedia performance </li></ul><ul><li>Distance limitation: 10m </li></ul><ul><li>Power consommation: 1 watt </li></ul>Access Device 1 Access Device 2 Access Device 3 PCI card No. of PCI Cards on Host PC No. of Users X350 X550 1 4 6 2 7 11
  32. 32. U SERIES: USB-CONNECT U Series U170 Kit <ul><li>1 U170 Access Device </li></ul><ul><li>USB extension cable (1.8m) </li></ul><ul><li>vSPACE Software for U Series </li></ul><ul><li>User Guide </li></ul>
  33. 33. U SERIES: USB-CONNECT Max. Installation: 10-users Min. Installation: 2-users
  34. 34. U SERIES: USB-CONNECT <ul><li>USB connection </li></ul><ul><li>10 users max. on desktop/server OS </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent multimedia performance </li></ul><ul><li>Max. distance from Host PC: 20m </li></ul><ul><li>Power consumption: 2 watts/terminal </li></ul>
  35. 35. VSPACE: VIRTUALIZATION SOFTWARE vSPACE vSPACE <ul><li>CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Different version for each model </li></ul><ul><li>Installs video drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Installs virtualization software </li></ul><ul><li>User Guide </li></ul>
  36. 36. vSPACE <ul><li>Creates virtual Windows sessions for all users when they login </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamically attributes PC resources (hardware/software) to users </li></ul><ul><li>Manages communications between terminal stations and the Host PC via the nComputing User eXtension Protocol (UXP) </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporates an Administration Console that enables several functionalities including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Configure terminal work stations from the Host PC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remotely stop or restart terminal stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See applications running on an L series terminal station </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See the user connected to an L Series station and their connection status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the IP address of each station </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send messages to users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observe what users do on their L230 stations </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. NCOMPUTING BENEFITS SUMMARY Compatible Affordable Simple Efficient
  38. 38. Compatible <ul><li>No re-training required </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Windows and Linux </li></ul><ul><li>Uses standard peripherals </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar PC user experience </li></ul>
  39. 39. Affordable <ul><li>Enable access for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Add more users at a lower cost </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize obsolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Save on support costs </li></ul>
  40. 40. Simple <ul><li>Easy to setup and secure </li></ul><ul><li>Robust, reliable access devices </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer PCs to maintain </li></ul><ul><li>No disks or CPUs at desktop </li></ul>
  41. 41. Efficient <ul><li>Share unused CPU resources </li></ul><ul><li>Small access devices save space </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficient, saving power </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly </li></ul>
  42. 42. OTHER BENEFITS <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized administration of data and applications </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Improved collaboration through file-sharing, instant messaging and remote desktop access </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced security as NComputing workstations cannot be attacked by viruses and systems administrators can disable USB key access </li></ul><ul><li>Minimization of the impact of obsolescence’ </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  43. 43. TIPS FOR COST REDUCTION <ul><li>Analyse computer usage modes and match tasks to computing resources to cut out waste </li></ul><ul><li>NComputing much more suited to hostile environments than PCs </li></ul><ul><li>Some activities just lend themselves naturally to multi-user computing e.g. schools, training centres, data input halls, call centres, offices etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace PCs with nComputing in next PC Refresh Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>The best strategy, once nComputing is adopted, is to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start with small deployment e.g. in an organisation unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once satisfied with solution, expand the deployment to cover the whole organisation </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Purchase of 11 Pentium Dual Core PCs 4 950 000 Purchase of 11-seat NComputing L230 Installation 3 050 000 Cost Saving on purchase: 1 900 000 38% MAINTENANCE (over 5 years) Maintenance of 11 PCs 2 750 000 Maintenance of NComputing Solution 250 000 Cost Savings on Maintenance 2 350 000 85% ENERGY CONSUMPTION (Over 5 years) 11 PCs over 5 yrs (5 280 kwh/year) 2 217 600 NComputing Solution over 5 yrs (560 kwh/year) 235 200 Savings on Energy Consumption 1 982 000 89% TOTAL OPERATING COSTS OVER 5 yrs 11 PC Installation 9 917 600 NComputing Solution 3 685 200 Total Cost Savings over 5 yrs 6 232 400 63% TOTAL COSTS (6 yrs) TOTAL COST OF 11 PC INSTALLATION 14 867 600 TOTAL COST OF NComputing SOLUTION 4 135 200 SAVINGS REALIZED 10 732 400 72% REDUCTION OF CO2: 66 tons TREES SAVED : 313 EVALUATION OF A 11-SEAT NComputing DEPLOYMENT
  45. 45. NCOMPUTING & THE DD COST BARRIERS DD COST BARRIER NCOMPUTING SOLUTION Equipment Affordable solution that enables easy, cost-effective expansion of computing infrastructure while minimizing overall TCO. Software Compatible with the two major Operating Systems – MS WINDOWS and LINUX and enables easy software deployment and maintenance Training Compatible solution offering exactly the same PC interfaces and interactive experience as stand-alone PCs. This excludes the need for any form of supplementary training. Support Simple and efficient solution requiring very little knowledge of computers to install and maintain, all at highly reduced cost.
  46. 46. NCOMPUTING & SUSTAINABILITY <ul><li>Sustainability Issue </li></ul><ul><li>NCOMPUTING SOLUTION </li></ul><ul><li>TCO </li></ul><ul><li>Saves up to 70% on the TCO of computer installations </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizes impact of obsolescence by keeping PC footprint small within the overall computing infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous updates to vSPACE and Access Device hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced PC footprint in overall computing infrastructure means less PCs to discard and less environmental problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower energy consumption and up to 11yrs MTTF </li></ul>
  47. 47. NCOMPUTING IN PRACTICE <ul><li>Compact space-saving layouts </li></ul><ul><li>Schools & training centres </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber-cafés and Business Bureaux </li></ul><ul><li>Offices </li></ul><ul><li>Data entry and call centres </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Factories etc… </li></ul>
  48. 48. USA
  49. 49. Thailand
  50. 50. Turkey
  51. 51. Computer Labs
  52. 52. Data Entry & Call Centers Application Characteristics Data entry and Call Centers High concentration of users, with little space and high user turnover. Small number of applications.
  53. 53. Public Access - World Trade Organization
  54. 54. WORLDWIDE SUCCESS Office Branch Office Manufacturing Distribution Call Centre Health
  56. 56. NComputing: Numerous Awards
  57. 57. <ul><li>CONTACT US: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soft prix Sarl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B.P. 15158 Douala </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cameroon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office Tel: +237 3341 3443 / 3303 2482 / 7949 0711 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Site: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge Centre: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Portal: </li></ul></ul></ul>THANK YOU!