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Ppt of mixed method design

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Ppt of mixed method design

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this presentation file is all about the mixed method design for the research study and for those researchers who actually want to mixed two kinds of methods at a time. i hope it will help you and for your research.

this presentation file is all about the mixed method design for the research study and for those researchers who actually want to mixed two kinds of methods at a time. i hope it will help you and for your research.

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Ppt of mixed method design

  1. 1. Research Methodology Mixed Method Design Presented by: Netra Kumar Manandhar Kathmandu University School of Education Course Facilitator: Mr. Binod Pd. Pant 6/7/2017 manandharnetra999@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. 1. What is mixed method design ? 2. Different types of ‘mixed method design’ 3. Key characteristics of mixed method design 4. Steps of conducting a mixed methods study. 5. Criteria for evaluating a mixed method study 6. Potential ethical issues in MMR design 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 2 Presentation Outlines…
  3. 3. How would we combine two types of data? 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 3 Qualitative Text Data  This is a sample of a text file of words that might be collected on interview transcripts, observation field notes, or optically- scanned documents. Quantitative Numeric Data  2 3 4 2 5 2 3 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 5 3 4 1 2 3 1 4 4 5 5 4 1 2 1 4 3 3 5 1 4 2 3 1 5 5 2 2 1 5 3 5 1 3 1 5 3 2 2 5 1 3 2 4 4 3 1 2 4 2 2 4 1 5 5 4 2 1 5
  4. 4. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 4 Quantitative data  Instruments  Checklists Survey census  Records Qualitative data  Interviews  Observations  Documents studies  Case study  Audio-visual materials
  5. 5. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 5 Quantitative analysis Use statistical analysis, o For description o For comparing groups o For relating variables Qualitative analysis  Use text and images, o For coding o For theme development o For relating themes
  6. 6. How methods can be mixed ? 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 6 Types of mixing Reasons 1. Two types of research question. One fitting a quantitative approach and the other qualitative. 2. The manner in which the research questions are developed. Preplanned (quantitative) versus participatory/emergent (qualitative). 3. Two types of sampling procedure. Probability versus purposive. 4. Two types of data collection procedures. Surveys (quantitative) versus focus groups (qualitative). 5. Two types of data analysis. Numerical versus textual (or visual). 6. Two types of data analysis. Statistical versus thematic. 7. Two types of conclusions. Objective versus subjective interpretations.
  7. 7.  Collects both quantitative and qualitative data  ‘Mixes’ them  ‘Mixes’ them at the same time(concurrently) or one after another (sequentially)  Emphasizes both equally or unequally 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 7 A mixed method researcher…
  8. 8. Definition Mixed methods research is a procedure for collecting, analyzing and “mixing” both quantitative and qualitative methods in a single study or a series of studies to understand a research problem. -Creswell & Plano Clark(2011) The purpose of this form of research is that both qualitative and quantitative research, in combination, provide a better understanding of a research problem or issue than either research approach alone. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 8
  9. 9. When do we conduct a mixed methods study ? 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 9 When…..  we have both quantitative and qualitative data  one type of research is not enough to explain or to answer the question  we want qualitative research to help explain quantitative findings  we want to generalize findings to a large population  we want to provide alternative perspectives in a study
  10. 10. 1. The convergent Parallel Design 2. The Explanatory Sequential Design 3. The Exploratory Sequential Design 4. The Embedded Design 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 10 Four Basic Design of MMR 1. The Transformative Design 2. The Multiphase Design Complex Design of MMR
  11. 11. The Convergent Parallel Design The researcher… 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 11
  12. 12. Continue… Characteristic Data Collection Priority (Equal) Sequence (Concurrently/ Simultaneously) Use of Data (To Compare Similar/Dissimilar) 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 12
  13. 13. The Explanatory Design 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 13  An explanatory sequential mixed methods design consists of first collecting quantitative data and then collecting qualitative data to help explain or elaborate on the quantitative results.  Example: You first conduct a survey and then follow up with a few individuals who answered positively to the questions through interviews
  14. 14. Continue… Characteristic Data collection:- 2-phases Data Collection Priority (Quantitative Data) Sequence (First Quantitative Data and then Qual.) Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate) 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 14
  15. 15.  Viewing the study as a two-phase project  It involves the procedure of first gathering qualitative data to explore a phenomenon and then collecting quantitative data to explain relationship found in the qualitative data.  Example: You collect qualitative diary entries, analyze the data for themes, and then develop an instrument based on the themes to measure attitudes on a quantitative survey administered to a large sample. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 15 The Exploratory Design
  16. 16. Continue… Characteristic Data collection:- 2-phases Data Collection Priority (Qualitative Data) Sequence (First Qual. & then Quant.) Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate) 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 16
  17. 17. The Embedded Design Both forms of data goes simultaneously or sequentially  but one form of data play supportive role to other form The researcher …. Gives priority to the major form of data collection ( Quant. Most often) Collects second form of data to support the first form (most often Qual.) The secondary method is “embedded” or “nested” within the predominant method and addresses a different question. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 17
  18. 18. Continue… Characteristic Data Collection Priority (Often Quant./Often Qual.) Sequence (Sequentially / Simultaneously) Use of Data (To Provide additional Source or Argument) 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 18
  19. 19. The Transformative Design  Use one of four mixed research design  Framework provides orienting lens for the mixed method design  The intent o To address social issues faced by the group of people 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 19
  20. 20. The Multiple Design 1. Use any one of four design 2. Most complex design 3. Examine problem or topic through a series of phases or separate studies 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 20
  21. 21. Major Characteristics of MMR Design  Provide a rationale for the design  Include collecting both (Quant. & Qual.) data  Consider Priority:- Weight of data  Consider Sequence: - Sequence of data collection  Match the data analysis to a design: - challenging procedure  Diagram the procedures 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 21
  22. 22. Steps of Conducting Mixed Method Study Step 1:- Determine if a mixed methods study is ‘feasible’ Step 2:- Identify a rationale for mixing methods Step 3:- Identify a data collection strategy Step 4:- Develop Quant., Qual. & Mixed methods Questions Step 5:- Collect Quant. & Qual. Data Step 6:- Analyze data separately, concurrently, or both Step 7:-Write the ‘report’ as a one or two-phase or a multiple phase study 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 22
  23. 23. Diagram of steps of mixed method designs 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 23
  24. 24. Criteria for evaluating MMR Design  Describes that mixed method is the best approach to answer the research questions.  Incorporates both qual. & quant. data collection and analysis  Explicitly combines or mixes the two datasets  Frames the study within one of the MMR design  Provides a diagram of the procedures – timing, priority, and mixing  Signals to the reader that the study is using MMR design 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 24
  25. 25. Major Ethical Issues in MMR Design  In convergent design:- the two different sample size (Quant. & Qual.)  In an explanatory design:- need large quant. Data to follow up qual. database – participant may not provide the actual data  In an embedded design:- for initial qualitative interviews – place participants into a control group – no beneficial treatment 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 25
  26. 26. Some strengths of MMR… Can be easy to describe and to report Can be useful when unexpected results arise from a prior study Can help to generalize qualitative data Helpful in designing and validating an instrument Can position research in a transformative framework 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 26
  27. 27. Some weaknesses of MMR… Maximum Time required. Discrepancies between different types of data. Can be difficult to decide when to proceed in sequential designs. Little guidance on transformative methods. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 27
  28. 28. References  Creswell, J. W. (20015). Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches. 5th ed.  Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 28
  29. 29. 6/7/2017manandharnetra999@gmail.com 29

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