Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Great Expectations: After the vote - citizens online, e-democracy in governance, and White House 2.0

8,670 views

Published on

presentation and facilitated discussion with Steven Clift, E-Democracy.Org Board Chair and one of the first Internet and politics/government gurus dating back to 1993. Hosted in Washington, DC by the Institute for Politics, Democracy and the Internet on Wednesday, January 9th. Audio also available from http://pages.e-democracy.org/Great_Expectations

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Great Expectations: After the vote - citizens online, e-democracy in governance, and White House 2.0

  1. 1. Great Expectations After the vote - citizens online, e-democracy in governance, and White House 2.0 Steven Clift, Founder and Board Chair E-Democracy.Org
  2. 2. Thanks <ul><li>Institute for Politics, Democracy, and the Internet, GWU </li></ul><ul><li>Co-Sponsors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunlight Foundation (Refreshments) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashoka </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliberative Democracy Consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center for Democracy and Technology </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Audio Recording <ul><li>We are recording the audio from this event. </li></ul><ul><li>Always use a microphone to ask a question or add to the discussion. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Agenda <ul><li>E-Democracy in Governance – 40 min </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens Online – E-Democracy.Org – 20 min </li></ul><ul><li>Short Restocking Break – 5 min </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion – 50 min </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ How E-Government is Changing Society and Strengthening Democracy” – Author introductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations - White House 2.0, Congress, Federal Agencies, Government and Civil Society Generally </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Hello <ul><li>It all started in 1994 … </li></ul><ul><li>Government by day, citizen by night … </li></ul>
  6. 6. A new Athens for Democracy?
  7. 7. Made for Internet Candidate in 98 – Jesse Ventura, former Governor of Minnesota
  8. 9. Mongolia 2004 <ul><li>Local news … flip … </li></ul><ul><li>Russian game show … flip </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Trippi at the Politics Online Conference! </li></ul>
  9. 10. Candidates and campaigns <ul><li>Organize your supporters </li></ul><ul><li>Generate multimedia and spread it </li></ul><ul><li>Shake hands at the digital parades of online social networks and groups </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking power and influence online </li></ul>
  10. 11. Organize Supporters – Gather E-mail
  11. 12. Communicate with supporters, introduce the candidate
  12. 13. Activate Supporters
  13. 14. Digital Parade – Social Networks
  14. 15. November 5, 2008 – The Day After <ul><li>What next? </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from a red-blue virtual civil war to … </li></ul><ul><li>How do we use the Internet to better “govern” or “represent?” </li></ul><ul><li>Engage or empower citizens? Or build trust and community capacity to solve problems ? </li></ul>Source: The Political Blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. Election: Divided They Blog By Lada Adamic and Natalie Glance
  15. 16. Recent Articles <ul><li>Ten Practical Online Steps for Government Support of Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of new 47 page U.S. government publication about e-democracy titled, “How E-Government is Changing Society and Strengthening Democracy.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also see - UK Local E-Democracy Project – See: www.icele.org </li></ul>
  16. 17. Government Support for Democracy Online <ul><li>Timely, personalized access to information that matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Help e-officials receive, sort and better understand and respond to e-mail. </li></ul>
  17. 18. E-mail notices in St. Paul
  18. 19. Democracy Portal with “e-democracy” policy, Queensland, Australia
  19. 20. Personalization Ideas <ul><li>Personalized tracking, user generated “hot” links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell me when something is new like Google Alerts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratized navigation </li></ul></ul>Live Video
  20. 21. Alberta Gov’s Web Feeds <ul><li>Those little orange icons </li></ul>
  21. 22. Right to Petition Government <ul><li>What is the Magna Carta’s expression in 2007? </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. petitioning mostly about e-mail acquisition for advocacy not listening or redress of grievences </li></ul>
  22. 23. UK Prime Minister’s e-Petitions 7 percent of British population have signed an e-petition here
  23. 24. Mobile Inbox <ul><li>SMS (text messages) out number voice calls 8 to 1 in the Philippines </li></ul>
  24. 25. Government Support for Democracy Online <ul><li>3. Dedicate at least 10% of new e-government developments to democracy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not “services first, democracy later.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9. Fund open source sharing internationally across government. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Deep Access and Accountability <ul><li>Estonia’s Today I Decide, Document Register, X-Road (below) </li></ul>
  26. 27. Gov Voter Guides in Korea
  27. 28. Mobile Photos to Enforce Anti-Corruption Election Laws
  28. 29. Government Support for Democracy Online <ul><li>4. Announce all government public meetings on the Internet in a uniform matter. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Allow all people to look-up all of their elected officials from the very local to national in one search. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Host online public hearings and dialogues </li></ul>
  29. 30. Scottish Parliament – Best Look and Feel <ul><li>Common committee templates, testimony, etc. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Live Rural Villages Town Meeting, India –
  31. 32. Online Events and Consultations
  32. 33. Videoconferencing to District Office <ul><li>Video connection to district </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formet Canadian MP Reg Alcock had an ISDN video link with district office as part of a pilot initiative. Held mid-week constituent meetings in part to ease the pressure on the weekend schedule. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 34. Government Support for Democracy Online <ul><li>7. Embrace the rule of law by mandating the most democratically empowering online services and rights across the whole of government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open meeting laws, ethics information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>8. Promote dissemination through access to raw data from decision-making information systems. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Accountability <ul><li>Deep Transparency – Yalova, Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>They provided access to: </li></ul><ul><li>Council decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate flow of incomes </li></ul><ul><li>Daily flow of expenditures </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Tenders </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen applications and document follow-up </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth Declaration - Increase/decrease of income and wealth of top officials (on left) </li></ul><ul><li>US – FederalSpending.Gov </li></ul><ul><li>Poland – FOI Laws Require Budget Information Online </li></ul>
  35. 36. Reuse Government Data – Make Useful Crime Data in Chicago
  36. 37. Scrape, Search and Notice <ul><li>TheyWorkforYou.com – mySociety UK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Scrapes” the UK parliament website and adds notification and commenting features not offered on the official site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GovTrack.us and others scrape in U.S. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 38. Government Support for Democracy Online <ul><li>10. Local up – Build a strategic approach to building local democracy online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute need for non-partisan, convening approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government, media, universities, non-profits, business all must contribute something </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public interest use “of” the Internet not just “on” it </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. Citizens Online <ul><li>With my E-Democracy.Org hat on… </li></ul>
  39. 40. Top Five Citizen &quot;to dos&quot; for Democracy Online <ul><li>1. Build our public lives online </li></ul><ul><li>2. Get candidates to make public promises </li></ul><ul><li>3. Contribute time or money online </li></ul><ul><li>4. Request information service and new government vision </li></ul><ul><li>5. Demand truly public spaces online, build local up </li></ul>
  40. 41. Private Spaces with “Public” Qualities – v. Online Public Spaces
  41. 42. Like Minds Organize Easily
  42. 43. For the Non-Dog Lover
  43. 44. Need Public Spaces – Online Versions of Town Halls, Capitols <ul><li>Online public spaces, not just “public” commercial spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Need for decorum, civility, agenda-setting, relevance, accountability </li></ul><ul><li><- The Minnesota Capitol Rotunda </li></ul>
  44. 45. Blogofest Destiny? <ul><li>Blogs democratize media, provide accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to forums, most are highly individualistic often privately controlled spaces with some dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Need own blog to join the e-ristocracy </li></ul>
  45. 46. Creating Public Space - Issues Forums Librarian Reporter Arts Group City Councilor Candidate Local Biz Ctizen #1 Advocacy Group Neighborhood Leader Mayor Forum Manager Citizen 500 Police Citizens Issues Forum GroupServer e-mails posts web view Subscribe once Commitment secured Post via e-mail/web New Resident City Hall “ Secondary Networks ” e-mail forwards Civil Society Personal Networks Local Media Coverage
  46. 47. Issues Forums – E-Democracy.Org Recent Topics <ul><li>Local schools </li></ul><ul><li>Support for area war veterans </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood park changes </li></ul><ul><li>Water quality and shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and policing </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates and elections </li></ul><ul><li>Feral cat problem </li></ul><ul><li>Racetrack noise pollution </li></ul>
  47. 48. Issues Forums
  48. 49. 10 Communities and Growing <ul><li>Starting with service club-like local “democracy committee” </li></ul><ul><li>Now in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minneapolis, St. Paul, Roseville, Winona, MN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean energy experiment in Pioneer Valley, MA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brighton, Bristol, Newham, and Oxford </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canterbury (Christchurch), New Zealand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adding neighborhood forums, rural efforts </li></ul>
  49. 50. Challenges <ul><li>Transition to participant donations </li></ul><ul><li>Technology/resources for new communities and expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking “sucking sound” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big difference between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pubicizing” private life and personal networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making local “public life” accessible any where, any time where people step up as “citizens” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  50. 51. Building Democracy and Community Online <ul><li>I-35W Bridge Collapse over Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>It could have been anyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Community shared their stories, offered help via Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Democracy.Org forums provide vital space for discussion. </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative &quot;wiki&quot; created content commons. </li></ul>
  51. 52. Wiki
  52. 53. E-Debates
  53. 54. Citizen Content <ul><li>Voter Voices response to e-debate and more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube Video, Flickr pictures, Del.icio.us links and blog posts tagged “mnpolitics” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://e-democracy.org/voices </li></ul></ul>
  54. 55. Project Blog
  55. 56. Conclusion
  56. 57. Frustration Today <ul><li>Failure of technological determinism </li></ul><ul><li>People expect two-way, those in power still one-way </li></ul><ul><li>Private lives dominate &quot;public life&quot; online </li></ul>
  57. 58. Opportunity <ul><li>Realistic, incremental change -trial and error improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and tools advancing - Internet always on, everywhere, in everything </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of law and funding priorities in government, media, and civil society </li></ul>
  58. 59. Conclusion <ul><li>Build democracy with the new tools of today. </li></ul><ul><li>Links, blog/e-newsletter, online groups, and more from http:// stevenclift.com </li></ul>
  59. 60. Links to Everything <ul><li>From: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://stevenclift.com </li></ul></ul>
  60. 61. FYI - Briefs and Case Studies <ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian International Policy eDiscussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Blogging - Northfield, Minnesota </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Forums and News in Subang Jaya - Malaysia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening to the City - New York City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madrid Participa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NordPol - Northern Denmark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queensland's E-democracy Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seoul's Online Policy Forum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seattle's Online Civic Engagement Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Web Comment Forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget Proposals Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content Syndication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Portals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy Portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratized Navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected Official Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail Response Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Newsletters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic Personalisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-Democracy - Mobile Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMS Citizen Input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voter Education Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Internet </li></ul></ul>http://dowire.org/wiki/UK_highlights
  61. 62. Discussion Questions

×