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SkopjePulse: Designing a better city with IoT

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Everybody is talking about Internet-of-Things but we wanted to actually do something and we did: SkopjePulse is an open IoT platform using TheThingsNetwork infrastructure to collect data about air pollution, noise, temperature and humidity in the city of Skopje. This talk explains the basic ingredients for IoT and also shows the challenges for doing IoT in a software company like Netcetera. This was a guest talk at the University of St. Gallen (HSG) for students of economy

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SkopjePulse: Designing a better city with IoT

  1. 1. Guest Presentation Designing a Better City with IoT 13-03-2017 Daniel Eichhorn
  2. 2. Netcetera | 2 Who is Netcetera? • Swiss Software Company • Founded 1996 by five study colleagues • 400 employees • Offices in Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, Macedonia and UAE • Custom Software, Products and Operations
  3. 3. Netcetera | 3 Business areas & customers Finance & Insurance Payment & Card Services Transport Healthcare Public Service Energy Publishers & Media Retail & others ▪ Mission-critical Backend Applications ▪ Mobile Banking ▪ Pension and Insurance Advisory ▪ Insurance Processes ▪ Financial Planning and Advisory ▪ Mobile Payment ▪ Online Payment ▪ 3-D Secure Services ▪ Credit Card Self Servicing Platform ▪ EBPP ▪ Loyalty Programs ▪ Timetabling ▪ Real-time Passenger Information & Indoor Navigation ▪ International Train Path Coordination ▪ Consulting ▪ Self-Servicing Portals ▪ Insurance Processes ▪ Product Terms & Condition Services ▪ Electronic health record ▪ Mobile solutions ▪ Self-Servicing Portals ▪ Workflow & eForms ▪ Waste Management ▪ Police & Safety ▪ Remote Sensing ▪ School Solutions ▪ Self-Servicing Portals ▪ Issue Management
  4. 4. Netcetera | 4 Daniel Eichhorn Who am I? • Master of Science University Zurich (2006) • Senior Software Developer@Netcetera • Passionate Maker & IoT Blogger squix78 https://www.linkedin.com/in/daniel-eichhorn-39360911
  5. 5. Netcetera | 5 What is the Internet-of-Things? The Internet 20 years ago…
  6. 6. Netcetera | 6 Next 20 Years: Connect the Physical World
  7. 7. Netcetera | 7 Sensors - Sense the Physical World Example: SCiO - Pocket Spectrometer https://www.consumerphysics.com
  8. 8. Netcetera | 8 Actuators – Manipulate the Physical World iLockit - Automatic Bike Lock http://www.ilockit.bike/
  9. 9. Netcetera | 9 Things need Connectivity
  10. 10. Netcetera | 10 Smart Applications: Smart Billboard (Source: Black Mirror, S03E01)
  11. 11. Netcetera | 11 Summary: IoT Building Blocks Sensors/ Actuators Network Infrastructure Business Applications
  12. 12. Netcetera | 12 SkopjePulse: With IoT for a Better City
  13. 13. Netcetera | 13 SkopjePulse: With IoT for a better City Solving Real World Problems: • Air Pollution • Occasional Flooding • Excessive Noise • Traffic Congestions How to address these problems? • Measure and share data • Raise awareness • Predict and Notify http://skopjepulse.mk
  14. 14. Netcetera | 14 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  15. 15. Netcetera | 15 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  16. 16. Netcetera | 16 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  17. 17. Netcetera | 17 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  18. 18. Netcetera | 18 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  19. 19. Netcetera | 19 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  20. 20. Netcetera | 20 A better City with SkopjePulse and IoT
  21. 21. Netcetera | 21 Prototype Current Version
  22. 22. Netcetera | 22 Challenges: A Software Company making Hardware?
  23. 23. Netcetera | 23 Early Prototyping Phase
  24. 24. Netcetera | 24 PCB Design and Casing
  25. 25. Netcetera | 25 Prototypes Current Version
  26. 26. Netcetera | 26 IoT Radio Technology
  27. 27. Netcetera | 27 Project Management Triangle Cost TimeScope Quality
  28. 28. Netcetera | 28 Radio Technology Constraints Range Energy Consumption Bandwidth
  29. 29. Netcetera | 29 Competing Radio Technologies for IoT
  30. 30. Netcetera | 30
  31. 31. Netcetera | 31
  32. 32. Netcetera | 32 LoRa Infrastructure
  33. 33. Netcetera | 33 Advantages LoRa ● Long Range ● Low Power Consumption ● Cheap Infrastructure ($400/Gateway) ● Easy to extend network/ coverage ● Usage without license cost ● Operates in unlicensed band
  34. 34. Netcetera | 34 Disadvantages LoRa ● Proprietary Technology ● Low data rate ● Shared usage of frequency band
  35. 35. Netcetera | 35 Cheap Network Infrastructure
  36. 36. Netcetera | 36 LoRaWAN Providers (in Switzerland) Swisscom LPN (Low Power Network) Commercial CH: 80% of Population Covered (Oct. 2016) Loriot.io Commercial/ Community NaaS/ SaaS Worldwide availability The Things Network Crowd Sourced, Community driven Worldwide availabilty
  37. 37. Netcetera | 37 TheThingsNetwork Pros: ● Free to use ● Availability in many countries ● Cheap and easy to add coverage ● Secured ● Active & helpful community Cons: ● No SLAs ● No guaranteed support
  38. 38. Netcetera | 38
  39. 39. Netcetera | 39
  40. 40. Netcetera | 40
  41. 41. Netcetera | 41 2 Days - 7 Challenges 60 Participants - 17 Teams
  42. 42. Netcetera | 42 Environmental Conditions of City’s Plants
  43. 43. Netcetera | 43 Location Tracking of City’s Bikes-For-Rent
  44. 44. Netcetera | 44 Collect Traffic Statistics
  45. 45. Netcetera | 45 VooDoo Doll For Noise Complaints
  46. 46. Netcetera | 46 Take Home Messages IoT requires a new type of engineer: Knowledge in both hard- and software
  47. 47. Netcetera | 47 Take Home Messages The IoT community in Switzerland is very active! You can tap into their resources...
  48. 48. Netcetera | 48 Thank You! Questions?

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