OSHAS 18001 and ISO 14001 EMS

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Introduction to these two voluntary international frameworks.

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  • Benefits - How Can OHSAS Help? The OHSAS specification is applicable to any organization that wishes to:
  • Benefits - How Can OHSAS Help? The OHSAS specification is applicable to any organization that wishes to:
  • OSHAS 18001 and ISO 14001 EMS

    1. 1. Nestor B. Mejia, CHMM, REM, CAC, ASP OHSAS 18001 and EMS ISO 14001September 20th, 2012 EORM San Jose, CA
    2. 2. Safety Health Environment Systematic and comprehensive need to incorporate the organization’s commitment to a corporate wide EHS program that encompasses regions and countries – A global management system. Recognized certifications for comprehensive program to address all Safety, Health and Environmental concerns. Measurable progress and accomplishments. Administration and operations documentation that supports compliance claims.
    3. 3. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »OHSAS 18001 is an Occupation Health and Safety Assessment Series for health and safety management systems.It is intended to help an organizations to control occupational health and safety risks.It was developed in response to widespread demand for a recognized standard against which to be certified and assessed.OHSAS 18001 was created via a concerted effort from a number of the worlds leading national standards bodies, certification bodies, and specialist consultancies.
    4. 4. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »Central to OHSAS requirements are strong policies and procedures.OHSAS 18000 is an international occupational health and safety management system specification. It comprises two parts, 18001 and 18002 and embraces a number of other publications.Other documents, were used in the creation process: i. BS8800: 1996 Guide to occupational health and safety management systems. ii. UNE 81900 series of pre-standards on the Prevention of occupational risks.
    5. 5. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »iii. Technical Report NPR 5001: 1997 Guide to anoccupational health and safety management systemiv. Draft LRQA SMS 8800 Health & safety managementsystems assessment criteriav. SGS & ISMOL ISA 2000:1997 Requirements for Safetyand Health Management Systemsvi. BVQI Safety Cert: Occupational Safety and HealthManagement Standardvii. Draft AS/NZ 4801 Occupational health and safetymanagement systems Specification with guidance for use.
    6. 6. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »1.1 Health and Safety Management 1.11 General plant and equipment1.2 Training 1.12 Accident Treatment / Accident Reporting / First Aid Facilities1.3 Risk Assessment 1.13 Abrasive Wheels1.4 Housekeeping 1.14 Excavations and Openings1.5 Permits to Work 1.15 Confined Spaces1.6 Working on or in the vicinity of 1.16 Electrical Equipmenthigh temperature hot water systems1.7 Working in the vicinity of sprinkler 1.17 Cranes, Hoists, Platforms etc.systems1.8 Protection against noise 1.18 Working at Heights1.9 Protection against fire 1.19 Compressed Gas Cylinders1.10 Hazardous substances and 1.20 Welfare Facilitiesmaterials
    7. 7. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »1.21 Alcohol 1.31 Provision and use of Work Equipment1.22 Smoking 1.32 Hygienic Maintenance1.23 Safety Harnesses1.24 Non English SpeakingPersonnel1.25 Testing, Commissioning andmaintenance of temporary plantand services1.26 Personal Protective Equipment1.27 Appointments by Contractor1.28 Manual Handling1.29 Re-use of Metal Drums1.30 Emergency Procedures
    8. 8. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS » Establish an EHS management system to eliminate or minimize risk to employees who may be exposed to risks associated with their work activities. Assure conformance with stated EHS policies. Demonstrate conformance to external bodies. Implement, maintain and continually improve an EHS management system. Make a self-determination and declaration of conformance with this OHSAS specification. EHS management system verifiable by an external organization.
    9. 9. Occupation Health Safety Assessment Specification « OHSAS »OHSAS helps in a variety of ways to minimize risk to employees, visitors, community and shareholders.Improve an existing EHS management system.Demonstrate diligence.Gains assurance.As of 2005, around 16,000 organizations in more than 80 countries were using the OHSAS 18001 specification.By 2009 more than 54,000 certificates had been issued in 116 countries.
    10. 10. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations: (a) minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land), (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and (c) continually improve on (a) (b) and (c) above.
    11. 11. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »The ISO 14000 family includes most notably the ISO 14001 standard, which represents the core set of standards used by organizations for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system. Published 1996.ISO 14001, as with other ISO 14000 standards is voluntary with its main aim to assist companies in continually improving their environmental performance, while complying with any applicable legislation.
    12. 12. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 » The core requirement of a continual improvement process (CIP) is different from the one known from quality management systems. CIP in ISO 14001 has three dimensions. (1) Expansion: More and more business areas get covered by the implemented EMS. (2) Enrichment: More and more activities, products, processes, emissions, resources get managed by the implemented EMS. (3) Upgrading: An improvement of the structural and organizational framework of the EMS, as well as an accumulation of know-how in dealing with business related environmental issues.
    13. 13. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »Overall, the CIP-concept expects the organization to gradually move away from merely operational environmental measures towards a strategic approach on how to deal with environmental challenges.Improvements in overall environmental performance and compliance.Provide a framework for using pollution prevention practices to meet EMS objectives.Increased efficiency and potential cost savings when managing environmental obligations.Promote predictability and consistency in managing environmental obligations.
    14. 14. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »4.1 General Requirements 4.4.3 Communication4.2 Environmental Policy 4.4.4 Environmental management system documentation4.3 Planning 4.4.5 Document control4.3.1 Environmental aspects 4.4.6 Operational control4.3.2 Legal and other requirements 4.4.7 Emergency preparedness and response4.3.3 Objectives and targets 4.5 Checking and Corrective Action4.3.4 Environmental management 4.5.1 Monitoring and measurementprogram4.4 Implementation and Operation 4.5.2 Nonconformance and corrective and preventive action4.4.1 Structure and responsibility 4.5.3 Records4.4.2 Training, awareness and 4.5.4 Environmental managementcompetence system audit
    15. 15. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »4.6 Management ReviewA. Does the organization’s top C. Does the management reviewmanagement, at intervals it processdetermines, review the ensure that the necessaryenvironmental management system information is collected to allowto ensure its continuing suitability management to carry out thisand effectiveness? evaluation?B. Are the management reviews D. Does each management reviewdocumented? address the possible need for changes to policy, objectives, and other elements of the environmental management systems , in the light of:(i) Environment management system (ii) Changing circumstances?audit results?(iii) xThe commitment to continual M = Major Nonconformityimprovement? N = Minor Nonconformity O = Observation C = Comment
    16. 16. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 » ISO 14001 can be used in whole or in part to help an organization, for profit or not-for-profit, better manage its relationship with the environment. If all the elements of ISO 14001 are incorporated into the management process, the organization may opt to prove that it has achieved full alignment or conformity with the international standard, ISO 14001, by using one of four recognized options. These are: (1) make a self-determination and self-declaration, or (2)seek confirmation of its conformance by parties having an interest in the organization, such as customers, or
    17. 17. Environmental Management System ISO 14001 « EMS 14001 »(3) seek confirmation of its self-declaration by a partyexternal to the organization,(4) or seek certification/registration of its environmentalmanagement system by an external organization.Organizations can significantly benefit from EMSimplementation through the identification of large cleanerproduction projects (e.g. which can drastically cutelectricity costs in manufacturing industries). ISO 14001can be a very effective tool to identify these cost savingsopportunities for some organizations.
    18. 18. Safety Health Environment
    19. 19. Safety Health Environment

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