L.O to explore how the English language hasborrowed words.English is a living language. Over the years we haveborrowed many words from the languages of othercountries. STARTER – which country?
TASK 1: put the subtitle Words borrowed from theDutch 1. The Dutch were great sailors. These words are connected with the sea or ships: 2. The Dutch had some great artists. These words are connected with painting:
TASK 2: put the subtitle Words borrowed from Italy 3. The Italians love food! These words are connected with food: 4. The Italians love music. These words are connected with music:EXTENSION TASK: Collect your TRIC.Complete the ‘Now try this’ box.
EXTENSION TASK: use a dictionary to find outwhere these words come from: patio karaoke magazine poodle dungaree robot shampoo thug discotheque alcohol jazz
L.O to identify some ways the English language has changed over time. STARTERCan you match these words fromthe past to the correct meaning?Winkle pickers The word soldiers used for England when fighting during World War 1. Blighty A long playing vinyl record LP Pointy shoes from the 1950sTRIC - Why haven’t you heard of these words before?
STARTER Drasty Meant hit him in the nose in the 19th Century Drovy Meant proud in the Middle Ages Wlonk Meant someone who wandered around lost in the 16th Century scobberlotcher Meant filthy and was used in the 14th Century. Snite his snitch Meant muddy again used in the 14th CenturyTRIC - Why haven’t you heard of these words before?
Pejorated = when the meaning of a word has becomemore negativeAmeliorated = when the meaning of a word has becomemore positive
TASK: Have the words become more positive Or more negative?Word and its old how the word is used today Ameliorated PejoratedmeaningSilly once meanthappyButcher meant ‘killerof goats’Vulgar meantordinaryVillain was a farmworkerNaughty meantworthlessAwesome meantfrighteningWicked meant evilGay meant joyfulAwful meant full ofawe = amazement
L.O to identify how some words have beeninvented to fill a gap in the language. STARTER Watch the clip – have you ever thought that there wasn’t a word for something?
Today these words are in the dictionary.They are named after the brands. •Can you think of any other examples?
Other invented words: 1. Some new words are blends of existing words.EXAMPLE smog is a mixture of the word smoke and fog. 2. Some new words made by linking two wordstogether.EXAMPLE web log became blog 3. some new words borrow bits from other words.EXAMPLE hyper mega super multi
Other invented words: 4. Some new words have a different function.EXAMPLE the word ‘text’ was a noun but it is also nowa verb 5. Some new words use initials EXAMPLEs OMG LOL BFF
?welly sockGrainy (gray nee) adj. - : A gray(overcast) and rainy day.
• Baldage (bald aj) - n. The accumulation of hair in the drain after showering.• Beavo (bee vo) - n. A pencil with teeth marks all over it.• Chalktrauma (chawk traw ma) - n. The bodys reaction to someone running his fingernails down a chalkboard.• Darf (darf) - n. The least attractive side of a Christmas tree that ends up facing the wall.
• Caterpallor (n.): The color you turn after finding half a grub in the fruit youre eating.• Charp (charp) - n. The green, mutant potato chip found in every bag.• Sark (sark) - n. The marks left on ones ankle after wearing socks all day. What’s your favourite? Why?
Can you invent a new word for…• People who just wont go.• People who raise their hands when riding on roller coasters.• The annoying strand of cheese stretching from a slice of hot pizza to ones mouth.• A Great Idea.
L.O to identify some changes that have happenedin the English language over time.STARTERLook at the list of words. What do they have incommon? wizard fab groovy spiffing rad swell beaut fantabulous tip top top notch far out dandy magic neat extreme unrealCan you add any more modern examples?
wizardfab PAIRED TASK :First ideas.groovy Next to your word list can youspiffingrad think when it might have been aswell popular word?beautfantabuloustip toptop notchfar out Can you think how and why itdandymagic might have come to meanneat good?extremeunreal
INDIVIDUAL TASK: to produce a poster showing theorigins of the word.origins of the word. = the beginnings of the wordWILF you need to include:• When the word became popular• Where it came from• How it came to mean good• Quotations of the word being used.Useful websites:www.urbandictionary.comwww.worldwidewords.org
L.O to identify some of the ways spoken Englishvaries in different regions or areas.STARTERIn pairs: Do you know the meanings of theseAmerican words? side-walk = sneakers = pants = jelly = chips =
Copy the definition below:Dialect = different versions of a language,spoken by people in different regions or areas. Standard English Northern Irish Geordie Brummie English baby sprog bairn babby friend mucker marra skip excellent sound champion bostinTALK TIME: Do you think that it is important tolearn to write and speak in standard English?Why?