TIRE REINFORCEMENTS
TE 552
Nonwoven Product Development
Neslihan
Yagmur
What is Tire?
• A tire is a ring-shaped covering that fits
around a wheel's rim to protect it and enable
better vehicle pe...
Duties of Tire
• Carry the burden of car
• Follow the direction given by the Steering
• give very good traction on the roa...
Tire Types
• Some examples;
– Type P
• passenger vehicle tire
– Type LT
• light truck
– Type T
• temporary, or spare tire
Layers of Tire
1) Airtight synthetic rubber liner
2) Carcass ply
3) Beads
4) Sidewall
5) Crown Plies
6) Tread
1. Airtight synthetic rubber liner
• Keeps air inside the tire
• Check your tires' air pressure monthly, as
some air loss ...
2. Carcass ply
• The carcass ply is comprised of thin textile
fiber cables that are bonded into the rubber
• These fiber c...
2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech”
2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech”
• Non-woven metal fibers entangled with one
another
• Pores filled with rubber
• Metal fibe...
Materials for Non-woven Ply
• Metallic:
– Copper
– Nickel
– Iron
– Steel
• Fibers:
– Polyester
– Carbon fiber*
– Polyethyl...
2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech”
• Ratio of fiber:rubber; 80:20
• Thickness 1 to 5 mm;
– preferably 2-3 mm
• Fiber lenght 20...
3. Beads
• The beads are responsible for clamping the
tire firmly against the rim of the wheel.
4. Sidewall
• giving the tire its height
• protects the tire against impacts with curbs
and other objects
• contains all t...
5. Crown Plies
• Crown plies provide the rigid base for the
tread
• provide centrifugal and lateral rigidity to the
tire
•...
6. Tread
• The tread is designed to provide traction in a
variety of conditions.
• Good tread design provides also resist ...
REFERENCES
• http://www.tirebuyer.com/education/tire-anatomy-and-
construction
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tire
• U.S. ...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
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Tire reinforcements

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Tire reinforcements

  1. 1. TIRE REINFORCEMENTS TE 552 Nonwoven Product Development Neslihan Yagmur
  2. 2. What is Tire? • A tire is a ring-shaped covering that fits around a wheel's rim to protect it and enable better vehicle performance.
  3. 3. Duties of Tire • Carry the burden of car • Follow the direction given by the Steering • give very good traction on the road, which keeps cars from sliding • offer a smooth, comfortable ride
  4. 4. Tire Types • Some examples; – Type P • passenger vehicle tire – Type LT • light truck – Type T • temporary, or spare tire
  5. 5. Layers of Tire 1) Airtight synthetic rubber liner 2) Carcass ply 3) Beads 4) Sidewall 5) Crown Plies 6) Tread
  6. 6. 1. Airtight synthetic rubber liner • Keeps air inside the tire • Check your tires' air pressure monthly, as some air loss occurs over time
  7. 7. 2. Carcass ply • The carcass ply is comprised of thin textile fiber cables that are bonded into the rubber • These fiber cables are largely responsible for determining the strength of the tire.
  8. 8. 2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech”
  9. 9. 2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech” • Non-woven metal fibers entangled with one another • Pores filled with rubber • Metal fibers contains steel fibers with natural or synthetic fibers • Generally polyester fibers Unvulcanized Rubber Layer Unvulcanized Rubber Layer Non-woven Layer
  10. 10. Materials for Non-woven Ply • Metallic: – Copper – Nickel – Iron – Steel • Fibers: – Polyester – Carbon fiber* – Polyethylene terephthalate*
  11. 11. 2. Carcass ply “Nonwoven Tech” • Ratio of fiber:rubber; 80:20 • Thickness 1 to 5 mm; – preferably 2-3 mm • Fiber lenght 20-100 (40-60)* mm • Fiber diameter 6-40 denier
  12. 12. 3. Beads • The beads are responsible for clamping the tire firmly against the rim of the wheel.
  13. 13. 4. Sidewall • giving the tire its height • protects the tire against impacts with curbs and other objects • contains all the markings which tell you information about the tire; – speed rating – load rating – tire dimensions
  14. 14. 5. Crown Plies • Crown plies provide the rigid base for the tread • provide centrifugal and lateral rigidity to the tire • allowing the tire to flex sufficiently for a comfortable ride.
  15. 15. 6. Tread • The tread is designed to provide traction in a variety of conditions. • Good tread design provides also resist to; – wear – Abrasion – heat
  16. 16. REFERENCES • http://www.tirebuyer.com/education/tire-anatomy-and- construction • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tire • U.S. Patent 3895665 • Rowell, J. D., Tire Tread Seperation, Rowell & Bennett
  17. 17. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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