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  1. 1. TAMPONS TE552 NonwovenProductDevelopment Neslihan Yagmur
  2. 2. A tampon is a mass of absorbent material inserted into a body cavity or wound to absorb bodily fluid.
  3. 3. Gives freedom during the days Do not hurt skin Do not disturb
  4. 4. New tampon desing with applicators
  5. 5. Tampon applicators made of plastic , and are similar in design to a syringe. The applicator consists of two tubes; outer inner
  6. 6. absorbency Quantity (Gram) Junior 6 and under Regular 6 to 9 Super 9 to 12 Super Plus 12 to 15 Ultra 15 to 18
  7. 7. Modern tampons are mainly composed (over 90% of the tampon); Cotton Rayon Mixture of Cotton and Rayon
  8. 8. Tampons are constructed of compressed cellulosic absorbent materials.
  9. 9. There are two main technologies to manufacture tampons:
  10. 10. The coiled tampon type starts with a rectangular fibre pad around which a withdrawal cord is looped. The fibre pad is then asymmetrically folded and rolled and then compressed to a cylindrical shape.
  11. 11. A number of longitudinal or helical grooves are formed by the compressing operation. This type of tampon expands radially. Most digital tampons are coiled tampons.
  12. 12. The second type (typically used for applicator tampons) starts from a rectangular fibre pad. A withdrawal cord is sewn across the length of the tampon fibre pad which is then compressed to a cylindrical shape.
  13. 13. Alternatively the withdrawal cord can be attached after the compression by pierce and loop attachment of the cord at the bottom section of the tampon. The tampon expands widthways and lengthwise.
  14. 14. Both tampon types are usually covered with a nonwoven or perforated film.
  15. 15. Do not use tampons more than 8 hours…
  16. 16. Materials used in most modern tampons are so highly absorbent that they pose the risk of absorbing the vagina's natural discharge and upsetting its natural moisture balance, which is what enables toxic shock syndrome to occur.
  17. 17. To Avoid TSS; Follow package directions for insertion Choose the lowest absorbency needed for one's flow Consider using cotton or cloth tampons rather than rayon
  18. 18. To Avoid TSS; Change the tampon at least every 4 to 6 hours Alternate between tampons and pads Avoid tampon usage overnight or when sleeping
  19. 19. Edana, Tampons for menstrual hygiene, Modern products with ancient roots Davis, D., Kim, T.L., Toxic Shock Syndrome: Case Report Of a Postpartum Female And a Literature Review, The Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 16, No. 4, pp. 607-614, 1998 Edana, Tampon Absorbencies, February, 2002 United States Patent 7124483, Process for producing stabilized tampons, 2006 United States Patent 6953456, Tampon having an oval form after expansion and process for producing the same, 2000
  20. 20. Thank You For Your Attention