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• Aayushi
• Abhishek
• Anant
• Antara
• Aparna
• Arushi
• Ashish
• Bhaskar
Parking
• Parking is the act of stopping
a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied
for more than a brief time.
• Parking facilities are constructed
in buildings, to facilitate the
coming and going of the buildings'
users.
Parking
Vehicles Dimensions
Overall standard dimensions of Car
Minimum Turning Radius for a standard Car
• Parking facilities include indoor
and outdoor private property
belonging to a house, the side of
the road where metered or laid-
out for such use, a parking lot
or car park, indoor and
outdoor multi-level
structures, shared underground
parking facilities, and facilities for
particular modes of vehicles.
DIFFERENT OUTDOOR PARKING
PATTERNS
Parking parallel
to the road
90 DEGREE PARKING
90 DEGREE PARKING
(2 WHEELER)
MOTOR CYCLE PARKING AREA
OBLIQUE PARKING
DISABLED
PARKING
BAYS
STOP RAILS AND BUFFERS
INDOOR/MULTI-STOREY PARKING
• A multi-storey car-park also called
a parking garage, parking
structure, parking
ramp, parkade or parking deck.
MULTI STOREY CAR PARKING
• A multi-storey car park or a parking garage is a
building which is designed specifically to be for
automobile parking and where there are a number of
floors or levels on which parking takes place
• It is essentially a stacked parking lot
• It is limited to 5 till 6 stories with the total capacity
up to 500 cars per lot
• Apply multiple access and exit system to avoid traffic
congestion in and out
CRITERIA FOR THE QUALITY MULTI STOREY
CAR PARK
• safety in use
• clear visibility
• parking
• space marking to enable drivers to remember the
location of their vehicles
• integration into the context of town planning-
• clear views to the outside-
• good natural lighting and ventilation
TYPES OF PARKING SYSTEMS
• BASEMENT PARKING
• PODIUM PARKING
• Roof top parking
PODIM PARKING
• Appropriate for residential
area, apartment, commercial complex, office
complex and for area around airport that
has building high control limit.
BASEMENT PARKING
• For medium and high density residential
area, plus, office complex. Ground level until level 4
are used for the parking area, while residential
unit, office and other functional spaces are located
above the parking level
Roof top parking
• Appropriate for shopping complex (less that
5 stories) because it saves cost compared to
basement parking
RAMPS
• The widths of the ramps should be no less
than 3.65m for a single ramp and 7.0m for a
double ramp.
•CHANGE OF
GRADIENT ON
RAMPS
Ramp break over angle
Angleofapproach
Angleofdeparture
Angle of departure
Max 10 Degree
To reduce incident of tailpipe
and rear bumping dragging.
Angle of approaches
Max 15 Degree
TYPES
OF
RAMPS/
FLOORS
PARKING STANDARDS BY LAWS
• The standards given are in Equivalent Car
Space (ECS) and it includes parking for all
types of vehicles i.e.
cars, scooters, cycles, and also light and
heavy commercial vehicles in case of
wholesale markets and industrial areas
etc.
• The basement may vary between 33.33to 50 percent of the
plot area and is to be used for parking, servicing and for
essential household storage without counting in FAR.
• One car parking space for every two flats up to 90 m2 floor
area and one for every flat for 100 m2 or more shall be
provided.
• With a view to providing adequate parking for occupancies and
the vehicular load, appropriate off-street parking provisions
have to be made in the building/on-site. This could also be
permitted in basement areas and the footprint for the
basement parking can exceed the ground coverage of the
building subject to no basement building construction to cross
the building line and all other safety features for
structural, fire, health and public safety being ensured.
FOR BASEMENT
• 50 percent of the open spaces required around
buildings maybe allowed to be utilized for parking
or loading or unloading spaces, provided a
minimum distance of 3.6 m around the building is
kept free from any parking, loading or unloading
spaces.
• For car, the minimum parking space to be 3 m x 6
m when individual parking space is required and
2.75 m x 5 m when common parking space is
required.
• Space for scooter/two wheeler and bicycle to be
not less than 1.25 mz and 1.00 mz respectively
• Area for each equivalent car space inclusive of circulation area is
23 mz for open parking, 28 mz for ground floor covered parking
and 32 mz for basement.
• Every basement shall be in every part at least 2.4 m in height
from the floor to the underside of the roof slab or ceiling;
• Adequate ventilation shall be provided for the basement. The
ventilation requirements shall be the same as required by the
particular occupancy according to byelaws. Any deficiency may
be met by providing adequate mechanical ventilation in the form
of blowers, exhaust fans, air-conditioning systems, etc;
• The minimum height of the ceiling of any basement shall be 0.9
m and the maximum, 1.2 m above the average surrounding
ground level;
• Adequate arrangements shall be made such that
surface drainage does not enter the basement;
• The walls and floors of the basement shall be
watertight and be so designed that the effects of
the surrounding soil and moisture, if any, are taken
into account in design and adequate damp proofing
treatment is given;
• The access to the basement shall be separate from
the main and alternative staircase
PARKING SPACE
• 1 Spaces that are accessible and approximate to the facility
should be set aside and identified for use by individuals with
Physical disabilities.
• A parking space open on one side, allowing room for
individuals in wheelchairs or individuals on braces and
crutches to get in and out of an automobile onto a level
surface, is adequate. It should have a minimum width of 2700
mm preferably 2 800 mm for ambulant disabled and minimum
3 000 mm preferably 3300 mm for wheel chair users.
• Parking spaces for individuals with physical disabilities when
placed between two conventional diagonal or head-on parking
spaces should be 3.6 m to 3.8 m wide and the length of the
aisle should 7.3 m,6.1 m and 6.5 m for head-on, 90° and 60°
parking
Thank you

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Parking final

  • 1. • Aayushi • Abhishek • Anant • Antara • Aparna • Arushi • Ashish • Bhaskar Parking
  • 2. • Parking is the act of stopping a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied for more than a brief time. • Parking facilities are constructed in buildings, to facilitate the coming and going of the buildings' users. Parking
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 9. Minimum Turning Radius for a standard Car
  • 10.
  • 11. • Parking facilities include indoor and outdoor private property belonging to a house, the side of the road where metered or laid- out for such use, a parking lot or car park, indoor and outdoor multi-level structures, shared underground parking facilities, and facilities for particular modes of vehicles.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 24.
  • 27. STOP RAILS AND BUFFERS
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30. INDOOR/MULTI-STOREY PARKING • A multi-storey car-park also called a parking garage, parking structure, parking ramp, parkade or parking deck.
  • 31. MULTI STOREY CAR PARKING • A multi-storey car park or a parking garage is a building which is designed specifically to be for automobile parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which parking takes place • It is essentially a stacked parking lot • It is limited to 5 till 6 stories with the total capacity up to 500 cars per lot • Apply multiple access and exit system to avoid traffic congestion in and out
  • 32. CRITERIA FOR THE QUALITY MULTI STOREY CAR PARK • safety in use • clear visibility • parking • space marking to enable drivers to remember the location of their vehicles • integration into the context of town planning- • clear views to the outside- • good natural lighting and ventilation
  • 33. TYPES OF PARKING SYSTEMS • BASEMENT PARKING • PODIUM PARKING • Roof top parking
  • 34. PODIM PARKING • Appropriate for residential area, apartment, commercial complex, office complex and for area around airport that has building high control limit. BASEMENT PARKING • For medium and high density residential area, plus, office complex. Ground level until level 4 are used for the parking area, while residential unit, office and other functional spaces are located above the parking level
  • 35. Roof top parking • Appropriate for shopping complex (less that 5 stories) because it saves cost compared to basement parking
  • 36. RAMPS • The widths of the ramps should be no less than 3.65m for a single ramp and 7.0m for a double ramp.
  • 38. Ramp break over angle Angleofapproach Angleofdeparture Angle of departure Max 10 Degree To reduce incident of tailpipe and rear bumping dragging. Angle of approaches Max 15 Degree
  • 39.
  • 41. PARKING STANDARDS BY LAWS • The standards given are in Equivalent Car Space (ECS) and it includes parking for all types of vehicles i.e. cars, scooters, cycles, and also light and heavy commercial vehicles in case of wholesale markets and industrial areas etc.
  • 42. • The basement may vary between 33.33to 50 percent of the plot area and is to be used for parking, servicing and for essential household storage without counting in FAR. • One car parking space for every two flats up to 90 m2 floor area and one for every flat for 100 m2 or more shall be provided. • With a view to providing adequate parking for occupancies and the vehicular load, appropriate off-street parking provisions have to be made in the building/on-site. This could also be permitted in basement areas and the footprint for the basement parking can exceed the ground coverage of the building subject to no basement building construction to cross the building line and all other safety features for structural, fire, health and public safety being ensured. FOR BASEMENT
  • 43. • 50 percent of the open spaces required around buildings maybe allowed to be utilized for parking or loading or unloading spaces, provided a minimum distance of 3.6 m around the building is kept free from any parking, loading or unloading spaces. • For car, the minimum parking space to be 3 m x 6 m when individual parking space is required and 2.75 m x 5 m when common parking space is required. • Space for scooter/two wheeler and bicycle to be not less than 1.25 mz and 1.00 mz respectively
  • 44. • Area for each equivalent car space inclusive of circulation area is 23 mz for open parking, 28 mz for ground floor covered parking and 32 mz for basement. • Every basement shall be in every part at least 2.4 m in height from the floor to the underside of the roof slab or ceiling; • Adequate ventilation shall be provided for the basement. The ventilation requirements shall be the same as required by the particular occupancy according to byelaws. Any deficiency may be met by providing adequate mechanical ventilation in the form of blowers, exhaust fans, air-conditioning systems, etc; • The minimum height of the ceiling of any basement shall be 0.9 m and the maximum, 1.2 m above the average surrounding ground level;
  • 45. • Adequate arrangements shall be made such that surface drainage does not enter the basement; • The walls and floors of the basement shall be watertight and be so designed that the effects of the surrounding soil and moisture, if any, are taken into account in design and adequate damp proofing treatment is given; • The access to the basement shall be separate from the main and alternative staircase
  • 46. PARKING SPACE • 1 Spaces that are accessible and approximate to the facility should be set aside and identified for use by individuals with Physical disabilities. • A parking space open on one side, allowing room for individuals in wheelchairs or individuals on braces and crutches to get in and out of an automobile onto a level surface, is adequate. It should have a minimum width of 2700 mm preferably 2 800 mm for ambulant disabled and minimum 3 000 mm preferably 3300 mm for wheel chair users. • Parking spaces for individuals with physical disabilities when placed between two conventional diagonal or head-on parking spaces should be 3.6 m to 3.8 m wide and the length of the aisle should 7.3 m,6.1 m and 6.5 m for head-on, 90° and 60° parking
  • 47.