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Open Source: Freedom and Community


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As presented at KohaCon12

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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Open Source: Freedom and Community

  1. 1. Open Source: Freedom & Community Nicole C. EngardVice President of Education, ByWater Solutions Documentation Manager, Koha
  2. 2. What isn’t Open Source? Common Open Source FUD (Fear, Uncertainty & Doubt)“Isn’t that insecure?”“I don’t want to share my data!”“How can it be any good if it’s free?”“We don’t have the staff to handle open source.”“We’ve never had success with homegrown systems.” Comic: Author: Unknown | Year: Unknown | Source: Unknown
  3. 3. What is Open Source?to run, distribute, study and modify for any purpose.d that harnesses the power of peer review and transparency of process to devesands of developers and customers all over the world to drive innovation.2 1,2
  4. 4. What is Free Software?ar Free & Open Source Software (F/OSS) in conjunction.e Definitionhilosophy/free-sw.html) is similar to, but not identical to the Open free of cost - it means Free as in Freedom
  5. 5. Four Freedoms of Free SoftwareYou need all four of these freedoms tohave free softwareFreedom of useFreedom to copyFreedom to modifyFreedom to contribute
  6. 6. Sharing of ideas"If you have an apple and I have an appleand we exchange apples, then you and Iwill still each have one apple. But if youhave an idea and I have an idea and weexchange these ideas, then each of us willhave two ideas." Attributed to Bernard Shaw
  7. 7. The Cathedral & The Bazaar The Cathedral (proprietary software) Development occurs behind walls Source code is usually not provided - kept locked up Corporate hierarchy The Bazaar (open source software) Code developed over the Internet with several others in public view Source code open to all users “Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow”
  8. 8. Open Source Governancewho reviews the code and approves it before adding it to the final reles the governing body behind all decisions related to the software. The
  9. 9. Open Source Community out more than free software cial to the growth of open source nowledge and collaboration the project will not growommunity is a right reserved for those who have proved themselves by makin tions”1 pen source can collaborate and contribute in many ways with the community tion Graphic From:, and Anthony D. Williams. “Embracing open source culture and strategy.” In Wikinomics: How mass collaboration changes everything, 82-83. Expan
  10. 10. Open Source Crowdsourcingbrought it into high relief: labor can often be organized more efficiently in the context o Howe, J. (2008). Crowdsourcing: Why the power of the crowd is driving the future of business. New Yor
  11. 11. Believing in Opennesspeople who believe what you believe. If you hire people just because t Simon Sinek: How great leaders inspire action
  12. 12. Open Source is Easy!out 15 minutes.  Now, before I add my next point, keep in mind that I manage a staff whose averag libraries arent sacrificing a thing by switching over to open source software.  If anything, open so -- Mark at the The Rahway Public Library
  13. 13. Who’s Using Open Source? Government Agencies All Kinds of Businesses Schools (K-colleges) Librarians
  14. 14. Open Source in BusinessIn 2010 a survey of 300 large organizations in both the private and publicsector found:50% are fully committed to open source in their business28% say they are experimenting with open source and keeping an openmind to using it38% expecting to migrate mission-critical software to open source innext 12 monthsThe cost was no longer viewed as the key benefit, instead:76% cited quality as a key benefit of open source70% cited improved reliability69% said better security/bug fixing article_id=5045
  15. 15. Making money on open source “IBM not only accepted open source software products and processes but also its philosophy, which is to spur quality and fast growth rather than just profits based on proprietary ownership of intellectual property.” “Giving up so much control is unconventional to say the least, but the rewards for doing so have been handsome. IBM spends about $100 million per year on Linux development. If the Linux community puts in $1 billion of effort, and even half of that is useful to IBM customers, the company gets $500 million of software development for an investment of $100 million.”Tapscott, Don, and Anthony D. Williams. “Joining Linux.” In Wikinomics: How mass collaboration changes everything, 79-82. Expanded Edit
  16. 16. Open Source on the Web Total Active Servers: 8/2000 to 5/2012
  17. 17. Why so popular?Reliability through Peer ReviewFreedom to InnovateNo Vendor Lock-inUser-centric DevelopmentCollaborative EnvironmentZero License Fees
  18. 18. Why should libraries care?
  19. 19. Open Source & Libraries Libraries and Open Source Both... Believe that information should be freely accessible to everyone Give away stuff Benefit from the generosity of others Are about communities Make the world a better place -- Horton, G.
  20. 20. Open Source & Librarieses and Open Source make the perfect pairst ethically required to use and develop open source software." Crawford, R. S.
  21. 21. Open Source & Librariesat value system should extend to the intellectual work we do on our access systetal collaborators. Can you think of any other group of institutions that share their -- Lucia, J.
  22. 22. Being Misunderstood“I believe one parallel which could be drawn between open source software and public libraries is only a partial understanding for the general public. How many times have people who do not frequent the library comment that you must enjoy spending time reading when you mention that you are a librarian. If you are not fully emerged in the OSS environment, a similar partial understanding may present itself.” – Student in Practical Open Source Software for Libraries course
  23. 23. Being Misunderstood“I cant tell you how many times in the over 30 years I have been involved in the libraryworld, people say how nice it must be "to read books all day" or "how quiet it must be".Good grief. They have obviously not spent much time in a public library after 3pm. Andbesides, there is so much behind the scenes work that goes on to make the library appearso seamless to the public. The same with open source, or many forms of technology and software. Those not in the know or at least familiar with things just expect it to work the way it always has. When it does not, they whine and fuss until it does. It is all a matter of education and understanding. Libraries and open source communities are both putting themselves out there to improve the lives of those around them.” – Student in Practical Open Source Software for Libraries course
  24. 24. Open Source & LibrariesCommon questions libraries have: Is there support? Do I have to know how to program? Do I have to skimp on features? Isn’t Open Source risky? Can I do it myself?
  25. 25. Support for Open Source Is there support?person next to you – if they dont work with a support provid Do I have to know how to program? Turn to the person next to you ... Local Students Freelance Developers
  26. 26. Do I have to skimp on features?elopers follow the rule of “Release early and release often”heir dollars and timeop on your ownheir products
  27. 27. Risk of Proprietary Software “Closed-source efforts often suffer from flaws and problems which the original development team never anticipated. Lack of inspection of the code by other programmers can mean that inappropriate design constraints and other errors might not be discovered until the code is already in use.” Pavlicek, Russell. Embracing insanity : open source software development. I
  28. 28. Software is Risky!isks, you need to evaluate open source the same way you do proprietary syste Risk to consider:issuesst as secure if not more secure than proprietary systems because of its transpurce software no differently than you do other software! s and acquisitionsn the code to your system you are not tied to one support source and will neve
  29. 29. Can I do it myself?Absolutely, with the rightin-house skillsLinux servermanagementWeb programmingPerl / PHP / MySQLSystems knowledge
  30. 30. Additional LinksTop 50 Programs that Drive You Crazy & their OS Alternatives: Watch, open source software advisory service: Source as Alternativehttp://www.osalt.comNicole’s Delicious bookmarks: Open Source Living
  31. 31. OSS & Libraries Linksen Source Software in Librariesp:// Source Software and Libraries Network Libraries on Riskp:// Open Source Software for
  32. 32. Open Source BlogsThe Open Road Ended from Ars Technica H Open Source Open Source York Times - Open http://opensource.comOpen Source at Datamation
  33. 33. Online Reading Listrrowing the Divides between Education, Business, and Software & Open Standards: Introduction to Free Software Tools And Directories: Where To Find Them, How To Evaluate Bibliography
  34. 34. Print Reading ListSource Software in Libraries by Nicole C. Engardand the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary by Ericnity: Open Source Software Development by Russell Pavlicek open source by Steve Weberce alternative: Understanding risks and leveraging opportunities by Heather J. Meeker2.0: The Continuing Evolution by Chris DiBona, Mark Stone, and Danese Cooper
  35. 35. Print Reading ListSource Software in Libraries by Nicole C. Engardand the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary by Ericnity: Open Source Software Development by Russell Pavlicek open source by Steve Weberce alternative: Understanding risks and leveraging opportunities by Heather J. Meeker2.0: The Continuing Evolution by Chris DiBona, Mark Stone, and Danese Cooper
  36. 36. Thank You Nicole C. Engard