Music Therapy Bi Fall 2005


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Music Therapy Bi Fall 2005

  1. 1. Online Resources for Music Therapy Majors Presented by the Stan Getz Library
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Vocabulary - A Common Language </li></ul><ul><li>Search Techniques and Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Resources - Medline, PsycFirst </li></ul><ul><li>Locating Resources - Library Periodical Holdings and Interlibrary Loan </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Resources - Britannica, Index to Music Periodicals </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Resources 2 - The Internet </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul><ul><li>Index </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>da.ta.base n (ca. 1962): </li></ul><ul><li>a usually large collection of data organized especially for rapid search and retrieval (as by a computer)   </li></ul>Database
  5. 5. Vocabulary <ul><li>rec.ord n … (2): </li></ul><ul><li>a collection of related items of information (as in a database) treated as a unit </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Record
  6. 6. Vocabulary <ul><li>field n ... (10): </li></ul><ul><li>a particular area (as of a record in a database) in which the same type of information is regularly recorded </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Field
  7. 7. Vocabulary <ul><li>in.dex n … : </li></ul><ul><li>information extracted from a particular area (ie. a field in a database) and organized to facilitate searching </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Index
  8. 8. Vocabulary <ul><li>Keyword: Each word (from a field or fields) is indexed with a link to the originating record. </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetical: Information (from a field of fields) is organized from the first character (letter or number) through the last.  </li></ul>Indexes
  9. 9. Everyday Search Strategies <ul><li>Examples of Keyword </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Alphabetical </li></ul><ul><li>Phonebook </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Keyword Search Tool Features <ul><li>Boolean Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Truncation (Wildcard Characters) </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity Searching </li></ul>
  11. 11. Boolean Logic <ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>The and operator will refine a search and reduce the volume of &quot;hits&quot; by requiring that more than one keyword is found in a record. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>jazz and swing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>alzheimers and music </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mile and davis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Boolean Logic <ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>The or operator will expand a search and increase the number of hits. The results will contain one or both of the keywords. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>jazz or swing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>alzheimers or music </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>miles or davis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Boolean Logic <ul><li>NOT </li></ul><ul><li>The not operator will limit a search and decrease the number of &quot;hits&quot; requiring that the results contain all of the records that contain one keyword, except those that contain the second keyword. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>jazz not swing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>alzheimer’s not dementia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>electronic not pop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Extending Boolean Operators
  15. 15. Truncation - Wildcards <ul><li>Wildcard characters allow you to search for the root of a word. This also allows you to search for both singular and plural versions of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>computer, computers, computation, comput* church, churches church* symphony, symphonies, symphonic symph*   RETRIEVES SEARCH TERM
  16. 16. Proximity <ul><li>Proximity indicators can be used to require that search terms to be near each other. Usually, you can indicate the maximum number of words that can be between the two keywords. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music w therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boston w/2 orchestra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>carpal n/9 music* </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Library Online Resources http://
  18. 18. Searching the Internet <ul><li>Why is it so difficult to find information? </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the Web - estimated at 50 million documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Not indexed to a standard vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic nature of the Web – documents appear, disappear and change </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of documents varies </li></ul><ul><li>Success depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Your ability to create exact matches between your search terms and the terms used in the documents. </li></ul><ul><li>The size of the database you choose. </li></ul><ul><li>The search features of the database you choose. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Searching the Internet <ul><li>How Do Web Search Tools Work? </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines index Web pages into searchable databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no complete index of all existing Web content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All search tools provide links that let you retrieve documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine databases are usually built by robots. </li></ul><ul><li>Each search tool is different. Each database is different. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Search Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword Search Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta-Search Engines </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Music Therapy Research CD at Library <ul><li>Complete collection of Journal of Music Therapy, Music Therapy , and Music Therapy Perspectives beginning 1950 through 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Only available in the library, see staff for more information. </li></ul>