Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Classifying LifeClassifying Life There are over 2 million known speciesThere are over 2 million known speciesof organisms...
Kingdom ArchaebacteriaKingdom Archaebacteria Bacteria live in harsh or extremeBacteria live in harsh or extremeenvironmen...
 Most other bacteriaMost other bacteria Live everywhereLive everywhere Some cause diseaseSome cause disease Some are h...
 Most “diverse” kingdomMost “diverse” kingdom AquaticAquatic EukaryoticEukaryotic Mostly unicellular (algae are the ex...
 EukaryoticEukaryotic Multicellular (except yeast)Multicellular (except yeast) Mostly terrestrialMostly terrestrial He...
 Eukaryotic and multicellularEukaryotic and multicellular Cell walls made ofCell walls made of cellulosecellulose Autot...
 Multicellular and eukaryotic Heterotrophic Digest food internally No cell walls
 What do the following words have in common?What do the following words have in common? chien, inu, perro.chien, inu, pe...
 In science, each species is given a “scientificIn science, each species is given a “scientificname.”name.” Ex.)Ex.) Can...
 Genus name (first word) - always capitalizedGenus name (first word) - always capitalized Species name (second word) - n...
 Some organisms have theSome organisms have thesame genus name.same genus name. Ex.)Ex.) Felis domesticusFelis domesticu...
Classifying life
Classifying life
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Classifying life

3,496 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Classifying life

  1. 1. Classifying LifeClassifying Life There are over 2 million known speciesThere are over 2 million known speciesof organisms.of organisms. All life is classified into 6 majorAll life is classified into 6 majorkingdoms.kingdoms.
  2. 2. Kingdom ArchaebacteriaKingdom Archaebacteria Bacteria live in harsh or extremeBacteria live in harsh or extremeenvironmentsenvironments UnicellularUnicellular ProkaryoticProkaryotic Heterotrophic orHeterotrophic orAutotrophicAutotrophic Cell walls withoutCell walls withoutpeptidoglycanpeptidoglycan
  3. 3.  Most other bacteriaMost other bacteria Live everywhereLive everywhere Some cause diseaseSome cause disease Some are helpfulSome are helpful UnicellularUnicellular ProkaryoticProkaryotic Heterotrophic orHeterotrophic orAutotrophicAutotrophic Cell walls withCell walls withpeptidoglycanpeptidoglycan
  4. 4.  Most “diverse” kingdomMost “diverse” kingdom AquaticAquatic EukaryoticEukaryotic Mostly unicellular (algae are the exception)Mostly unicellular (algae are the exception) Heterotrophic or autotrophicHeterotrophic or autotrophic Ex.) Paramecium, amoeba, euglenaEx.) Paramecium, amoeba, euglena
  5. 5.  EukaryoticEukaryotic Multicellular (except yeast)Multicellular (except yeast) Mostly terrestrialMostly terrestrial Heterotrophic - Obtain food throughHeterotrophic - Obtain food throughabsorptionabsorption Cell walls made of chitinCell walls made of chitin
  6. 6.  Eukaryotic and multicellularEukaryotic and multicellular Cell walls made ofCell walls made of cellulosecellulose AutotrophicAutotrophic ChloroplastsChloroplasts
  7. 7.  Multicellular and eukaryotic Heterotrophic Digest food internally No cell walls
  8. 8.  What do the following words have in common?What do the following words have in common? chien, inu, perro.chien, inu, perro.
  9. 9.  In science, each species is given a “scientificIn science, each species is given a “scientificname.”name.” Ex.)Ex.) Canis familiarisCanis familiaris (scientific name for dog).(scientific name for dog). UniversalUniversal Latin.Latin. System of naming called “binomial nomenclature”System of naming called “binomial nomenclature” Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
  10. 10.  Genus name (first word) - always capitalizedGenus name (first word) - always capitalized Species name (second word) - never capitalizedSpecies name (second word) - never capitalized italics or underlineditalics or underlined Ex.)Ex.) Homo sapienHomo sapien oror Homo sapienHomo sapien
  11. 11.  Some organisms have theSome organisms have thesame genus name.same genus name. Ex.)Ex.) Felis domesticusFelis domesticusFelis leoFelis leoFelis tigrisFelis tigrisSame genusSame genusDifferent species.Different species.What is a species?What is a species?

×