Impact of asynchronous audio april15 2010

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Presentation to TLt 2010 held April 26-28 in Saskatoon, SK . The session discusses research findings re audio feedback provided by faculty to students in their course work.

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Impact of asynchronous audio april15 2010

  1. 1. Impact of asynchronous audio on teaching, social and cognitive presence<br />Sharon Misfeldt & Denise Nelson<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Background<br />Research Findings to Date<br />Recommendations<br />
  3. 3. Background<br />Project sponsored by Campus Saskatchewan and SIAST<br />Involves Practical Nursing & Perioperative Nursing Programs & Faculty Certificate Program students and faculty<br />8 faculty respondents (all)<br />6 student respondents – 4 FCP, 2 Practical Nursing Program<br />Uses Adobe Acrobat 9 Professional Extended to embed audio and text comments in pdf converted individual student course work and limited discussion postings<br />Instruments involved web survey and focus group<br />
  4. 4. Faculty <br />
  5. 5. General Research Findings<br />No clear preference for written or audio feedback—valuable in combination<br />More time required to listen and/or provide audio comments<br />Perceived that audio comments were more personal than text based comments<br />Student populations differ (undergraduate/professional faculty/graduate) – seems to be more valued by higher educated<br />Quality of audio dependent on various factors: audio settings and equipment (e.g., Dynex headset)<br />
  6. 6. Research Findings - Students<br />Overall Positive Comments<br />“I liked the audio because this instructor said more than ‘good job’.”<br />“This is my first experience with audio feedback and I think it is AWESOME. The insertion of text is also beneficial.”<br />“Certainly tone of voice and inflection help to distinguish intended meaning more accurately than written text.”<br />“Listening to feedback as you went through a paper was very helpful, almost like a one on one with the instructor to hear their thoughts as they progressed through reading the paper.”<br />“more personal, negative comments seen as more constructive. Increased perception of teacher engagement.”<br />“option was easy to access”<br />
  7. 7. Research Findings - Students<br />Negative feedback<br />“It seemed the instructor was trying to sound neutral in the audio feedback which left a feeling of apathy.”<br />“The auditory feedback didn’t always work; couldn’t rely on it as a resource.”<br />“Audio feedback was annoying, a true conversation or written comments would be better.”<br />
  8. 8. Faculty Perspectives<br />
  9. 9. Research Findings - Faculty<br />Affords elaboration of instructor comments (used for summation and/or specific feedback)<br />Personalizes feedback (expression, inflection, humour) <br />Easier to express oneself than formalized written comments (“feel freer to expand on comments”)<br />Technical glitches when starting (audio setup; eliminate background noise)<br />More valuable with <br />complex assignments, research papers, critiques<br />large than small class size<br />All faculty would recommend use of audio commenting to other faculty<br />
  10. 10. Commenting Example<br />Example of Student Paper<br />Example of Student Paper with Audio and Text-based commenting<br />
  11. 11. Specific Techniques<br />Upfront note to students to contact faculty if difficulty in accessing audio<br />Provide summations, specific details, examples<br />Enhance audio with use of stamps, highlighting, post-it notes...<br />Placing mark in audio comment to ensure students listen to feedback<br />Summary & weaving of discussion posts<br />Refer students to other students for particular help (e.g., APA format)<br />
  12. 12. Recommendations<br />Provide portal of resources and have a resource person for inquiries/support<br />Investigate further use in discussions and group work to evaluate impact on social presence<br />Investigate LMS which supports user-friendly audio embed<br />Investigate further use by/purchase of software for interested faculty (e.g., FCP)<br />Increase awareness of research and findings within SIAST<br />Educate others re specific techniques<br />Investigate options for student use<br />
  13. 13. Future Possibilities<br />Provide overall comments to entire class<br />Introduce audio commenting in “Online Learning Made Easy” orientation course for students<br />Exploit use of Adobe Acrobat 9 Professional extended<br />Automatic conversion of audio comments to text for print<br />
  14. 14. Resources<br />PPT presentation posted on Slideshare<br />http://www.slideshare.net/nelsond<br />denise.nelson@siast.sk.ca<br />sharon.misfeldt@siast.sk.ca<br />

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