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Relação entre as palavras

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Relação entre as palavras

  1. 1. Termos Linguísticos As relações entre palavras www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  2. 2. Relações entre palavras <ul><li>Semânticas </li></ul><ul><li>Fonéticas e gráficas </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  3. 3. Esquema das relações entre palavras www.vertentes.na-internet.com Relações entre palavras Relações semânticas Relações fonéticas e gráficas Homonímia Hierarquia Inclusão Equivalência Oposição Homofonia Homografia Paronímia
  4. 4. Relações semânticas <ul><li>de hierarquia </li></ul><ul><li>de inclusão </li></ul><ul><li>de equivalência </li></ul><ul><li>de oposição </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  5. 5. Relações de hierarquia <ul><li>hiperonímia </li></ul><ul><li>hiponímia </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  6. 6. Hiperonímia <ul><li>Relação hierárquica de inclusão semântica entre duas unidades lexicais , partindo do genérico ( hiperónimo ) para o específico ( hipónimo ), sendo que o primeiro impõe sempre as suas propriedades ao segundo , criando assim, entre eles, uma dependência semântica. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplo: O termo meio de transporte impõe as suas propriedades semânticas aos seus hipónimos : autocarro , avião , comboio , metro , barco , etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Um hiperónimo pode substituir, em todos os contextos, qualquer um dos seus hipónimos; o contrário não é possível . </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  7. 7. Hiperonímia Hipónimos meio de transporte autocarro, metro, comboio, avião... Hiperónimo www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  8. 8. Hiponímia <ul><li>Relação hierárquica de inclusão semântica entre duas unidades lexicais , partindo do específico ( hipónimo ) para o genérico ( hiperónimo ), sendo que o primeiro, para além de conservar as propriedades semânticas impostas pelo segundo, possui os seus próprios traços diferenciadores . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplo: O significado de gato implica o significado de animal . </li></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  9. 9. Hiponímia Hiperónimo Hipónimo gato animal www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  10. 10. Relações de inclusão <ul><li>holonímia </li></ul><ul><li>meronímia </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  11. 11. Holonímia <ul><li>Relação de hierárquia semântica entre duas unidades lexicais ; uma denota um todo ( holónimo ) sem impor obrigatoriamente as suas propriedades semânticas à outra, considerada sua parte ( merónimo ). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplo: Carro estabelece uma relação de holonímia com volante , sem porém lhe impor as suas propriedades. </li></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  12. 12. Holonímia Automóvel (holónimo – um todo) Volante (merónimo – uma parte) www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  13. 13. Meronímia <ul><li>Relação de hierarquia semântica entre duas unidades lexicais , uma denotando a parte ( merónimo ) e criando uma relação de dependência ao implicar a referência a um todo ( holónimo ), relativo a essa parte. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplo: A unidade lexical dedo (merónimo) implica a unidade lexical mão (holónimo). </li></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  14. 14. Meronímia Merónimo - Holónimo www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  15. 15. Holonímia / Meronímia Holónimos Merónimos www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  16. 16. Relações de equivalência <ul><li>sinonímia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relação de equivalência semântica entre duas ou mais unidades lexicais que reenviam para o mesmo referente. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>total </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duas unidades lexicais são totalmente sinónimas quando são substituíveis, uma pela outra, em todos os contextos . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parcial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duas unidades lexicais são parcialmente sinónimas quando, ocasionalmente , surge a possibilidade de se substituirem uma pela outra, num único enunciado isolado. </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  17. 17. Relações de oposição <ul><li>antonímia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relação de oposição entre o significado de duas unidades lexicais que apresentam, em comum, alguns traços semânticos permitindo relacioná-las de forma pertinente. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplos : grande / pequeno; quente / frio; subir / descer; jovem / velho.) </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  18. 18. Relações de oposição <ul><li>antonímia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contraditória (oposição complementar ) pares de palavras onde existe uma relação de exclusão e de implicação recíprocas. Exemplo : vivo / morto; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contrária (oposição graduável ) pares de palavras entre os quais são possíveis níveis intermédios . Exemplo : frio / quente, bonito / feio; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conversa (oposição conversa ) em que a inversão da frase obriga à comutação dos termos. Exemplo : João é filho de Maria / Maria é mãe de João. </li></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  19. 19. Resumo das relações semânticas www.vertentes.na-internet.com Relações semânticas Inclusão Equivalência Oposição Hierarquia Hiperonímia Hipónímia Holonímia Meronímia Sinonímia Antonímia
  20. 20. Relações entre palavras <ul><li>Semânticas </li></ul><ul><li>Fonéticas e gráficas </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  21. 21. Relações fonéticas e gráficas <ul><li>de homonímia </li></ul><ul><li>de homofonia </li></ul><ul><li>de homografia </li></ul><ul><li>de paronímia </li></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  22. 22. Relações de homonímia <ul><li>Propriedade semântica característica de duas unidades lexicais que partilham a mesma grafia ou a mesma pronúncia , mas que conservam significados distintos . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplos: Existe homonímia entre: canto (verbo cantar) e canto (substantivo masculino). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cabo, nora, fio, são… </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  23. 23. Relações de homofonia <ul><li>Propriedade semântica característica de duas unidades lexicais que possuem a mesma forma fonética mas significados diferentes . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplos : passo / paço ; sem / cem . </li></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  24. 24. Relações de homografia <ul><li>Propriedade semântica característica de duas unidades lexicais que possuem a mesma forma gráfica (homógrafos), formas fonéticas idênticas , mas conservando significados diferentes . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplos : copia (verbo copiar) e cópia (substantivo masculino); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domestica / doméstica; sé / se; este / Este… </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  25. 25. Relações de paronímia <ul><li>Propriedade semântica característica das unidades lexicais com sentidos diferentes , mas com formas relativamente próximas . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplos : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exprimir / expremer ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>emigração / imigração ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>previdência / providência ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cumprimento / comprimento ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>conjectura / conjuntura. </li></ul></ul></ul>www.vertentes.na-internet.com
  26. 26. Resumo das relações fonéticas e gráficas www.vertentes.na-internet.com Relações fonéticas e gráficas Homofonia Homografia Paronímia Homonímia
  27. 27. Resumo global www.vertentes.na-internet.com Relações entre palavras Relações semânticas Relações fonéticas e gráficas Homonímia Hierarquia Inclusão Equivalência Oposição Homofonia Homografia Paronímia
  28. 28. 2006 Professor Filipe Azevedo Baseado em: Terminologia linguística www.vertentes.na-internet.com

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