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Grammar focus


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Grammar focus

  1. 1. GRAMMAR FOCUS Unidad 1: “A time to remember” Past tense Where were you born? I was born in Yumbel Were you born in Brazil? No, I wasn’t. I was in Yumbel Where did you grow up? I grew up in Yumbel When did you moved here? I moved here eight years ago, when I was in Yumbel Did you learn Spanish in high school? No, I didn’t. I studied it in college Did you go to college in California? Yes, I did. I went to college in los Angeles Used to Se refiere a cosas que hacías en el pasado y que nunca mas volviste a hacer When I was kid, we used to stay (quedarse) at my uncle’ beach house. Did you use to have a hobby? Yes, I used to collect shells What games did you use to play? I used to play chess Unidad 2 “Caught in the ruch” “atrapados en la carrera” Adverbs of quantity (cantidad) With countable nouns With uncountable nouns There are too many cars there is too much traffic There aren´t enough buses there isn´t enough parking We need more subway lines we need more public transportation There should be fewer cars there should be less pollution Indirect questions from Wh-questions Wh-questions with be Indirect questions Where is the bank? Could you tell me where the bank is? Where is the taxi stand? Do you know where the taxi stand is? Wh-questions with do or did Indirect question How often do the buses leave for city? Can you tell me how often buses leave for the city? When did flight 566 arrive? Do you know when flight 566 arrive? What time does the duty-free shop open? Do you know what time the duty-free shop open?
  2. 2. Unidad 3 “Time for a change” Evaluations and comparations Evaluation with adjetives Evaluation with nouns The kitchen isn’t big enough there aren´t enough bedrooms The living room is too small there isn´t enough closet space Comparasions with adjetives Comparations with nouns It’s not as cheap as the last apartment It doesn´t have as many bedrooms as the last apartment It’s almost as cheap as the last apart. It has just as many bedrooms as the last apartment. Ejercicios de evaluación: There are only a few windows. (not enough) There aren´t enough windows It’s not bright enough. (too) It is too dark It has only one bathroom. (not enough) It hasn’t enough bathrooms. It’s not convenient enough. (too) It is too expensive It’s not spacious enough. (too) It is too small It’s too old. (not enough) It isn’t new enough It isn’t quiet enough. (too) It is too noisy There’s only one parking space. (not enough) There aren’t enough parking space Ejercicios de comparación Apartment 1 isn´t as bright as apartment 2 Apartment 1 has as many bedrooms as apartment 2 Apartment 1 has as less bathrooms as apartment 2 Apartment 2 isn´t as big as apartment 1 Apartment 2 is as expensive as apartment 1 Apartment 2 isn´t as modern as apartment 1
  3. 3. Wish El wish es utilizado por sentencias de la forma pasado pero referidas al presente. Fact Wish I don´t like my job I wish (that)I could find a better job I wish I worked somewhere else I live with my parents I wish I lived in my own apartment I wish I didn´t live with my parents Live is difficult I wish it were * easier I wish it weren´t so difficult. Ejercicios My class is boring. I have to take the bus to work every day Our apartment is too small I have to much homework I´m not in good shape I´m single I don´t have enough money I don´t have any free time I wish my class were more interesting I wish that I could take another class Unidad 6 “Sure. No problem” Two-part verbs; will for responding to requests. With nouns with pronouns Requests and responses Turn down the TV. Turn it down. Please turn down the music. Turn the TV down. OK. I’ll turn it down. Pick up your things. Pick them up Pick up your clothes, please. Pick your things up. Sure. I’ll pick them up. Requests with modals and Would you mind ....? Modal + simple form of verb Would you mind...? + gerund Can you turn the stereo down? Would you mind turning the stereo down? Could you leave the door open, please? Would you mind not closing the door, please? Would you please keep the noise down? Would you mind keeping the noise down?
  4. 4. Unidad 7 “What’s this for” Infinitives and gerunds Infinitives and gerunds can describe a use or a purpose Infinitives A modem is used to connect computers to phones. Computers are often used to write letters. I can use World Wide Web to find information. Gerunds It’s used for connecting computers to phones. They’re often used for writing letters. I can use it for finding information. Infinitive complements Don’t forget to turn it on. Remember to press the “send” button. Make sure to recharge the batteries. Try not to drop it. Be sure to pay the phone bill every month.