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What do we teach about Sweden?
Finland as a part of Sweden <ul><li>In general Sweden is described as superior and forward-looking and progressive compare...
Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries <ul><li>For a long time Finns had close relations to Sweden especially in cultural s...
Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries <ul><li>After the war Finland’s relationship with Sweden and other Scandinavian coun...
Approaches to Swedish history in history teaching <ul><li>Swedish history is taught parallel with Finnish history when Fin...
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Sweden / What do we teach about our neighbours?

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Sweden / What do we teach about our neighbours?

  1. 1. What do we teach about Sweden?
  2. 2. Finland as a part of Sweden <ul><li>In general Sweden is described as superior and forward-looking and progressive compared to Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Many good things are said to come to Finland from Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>When Sweden conquered Finland (12th century), Finland became westernized and converted to Christianity, e.g laws were got through Sweden from Western Europe (originally Roman laws)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Finland was a part of catholic church, but in the 16th century in the era of Gustaf Vasa Finland became Lutheran </li></ul><ul><li>Finland and Finns had to participate many wars whether they wanted or not because of its geopolitical position between Sweden and Russia, between west and east </li></ul><ul><li>It is usually said that Finland’s proportion to army was always larger than Sweden’s proportion in comparison with populations </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden in the 18th century is told to become weaker and weaker to defend Finland against the growing threat of Russia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries <ul><li>For a long time Finns had close relations to Sweden especially in cultural sense </li></ul><ul><li>At the beginning of the independence of Finland there were a quarrel between Finland and Sweden concerning the possession of Åland Islands and then there were some language quarrels between Finnish- and Swedish-speaking people </li></ul><ul><li>When Finland became independent it had to create diplomatic relations to different countries; Sweden was the country where presidents visited to </li></ul><ul><li>Before the WWII there were some secret plans to join the armies of Finland and Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Some 10 000 Swedish men came as volunteers to take part in Finland’s Winter War </li></ul><ul><li>At wartime many Finnish children were sent to Sweden so that they could avoid the difficult time in Finland </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries <ul><li>After the war Finland’s relationship with Sweden and other Scandinavian countries became closer; for example Finland was accepted as a member of the Nordic Council in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>In many things Sweden was an example to Finland; e.g. comprehensive school, welfare state </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration to Sweden in 1950’s and 1960’s </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays Finland is a member of European union and Sweden has lost its position as a role model </li></ul>
  5. 5. Approaches to Swedish history in history teaching <ul><li>Swedish history is taught parallel with Finnish history when Finland is part of the Sweden (until 1809)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The approach is quite balanced between political history and social, economic and cultural history. > This emphasis Finland’s links to Western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swedish history during the 19th and 20th century is taught when it touches on Finnish history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The stress is now on political history and international relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweden is presented in positive way: political neutrality and welfare state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These are seen as an aim for Finland too > This emphasis Finland’s links to Scandinavian countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The political problems (e.g. The Aland Islands) are toned down as part of Finnish nation building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The social issues, like the problems of Finnish immigrants in Sweden in the1960’s and 70’s, are passed over with a few words </li></ul></ul>

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