Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours?


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  • Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours?

    1. 1. What do we teach about our neighbours? Brynja, Eiríkur, Guðbjörg and Jón
    2. 2. History in the Icelandic curriculum <ul><li>History in Icelandic secondary schools is a combined Icelandic and world history. </li></ul><ul><li>Icelandic history begins in the late 9th century (when Iceland was discovered). </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient, medieval history and early modern history until 1750. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern history from 1750 to the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural history. </li></ul><ul><li>History of the 20th Century. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Nordic countries in Icelandic history teaching
    4. 4. <ul><li>The Nordic countries </li></ul><ul><li>The Scandinavian countries </li></ul>
    5. 5. Icelandic/Nordic history? <ul><li>At secondary school level Icelandic history is (in compliance with the National curriculum) roughly 50% of the entire curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Since Icelandic history is closely connected to the history of Norway and Denmark, the teaching of „Nordic history“ is, to some extent, almost „automatic“. </li></ul>
    6. 6.
    7. 7. Connection points: <ul><li>Iceland was settled, at least partially, from Norway in the late 9th century; strong links to Norway from the beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>After a period of civil war in Iceland in the 13th century, Iceland became a part of the Norwegian state in 1262. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 14th century Iceland, together with Norway, passed under Danish rule. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Copenhagen becomes the capital of Iceland for the next 547 years: Icelandic history is, to a large extent, also Danish history. </li></ul><ul><li>1550: Refomation in Iceland: almost wholly by dictate from Denmark. </li></ul><ul><li>Monopoly trade 1602. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutism in 1662. </li></ul><ul><li>(Mostly Danish) Ideas of economic reform in the 18th century. </li></ul>Christian IV (1588 – 1648)
    9. 9. <ul><li>1830 and onwards: Icelandic struggle for sovereignty. </li></ul><ul><li>1918: Iceland becomes a sovereign state. </li></ul><ul><li>1944: Iceland becomes independent during the German occupation of Denmark in WWII. </li></ul>
    10. 10. What we don't teach (but, perhaps, should...) <ul><li>The history of the rivalry between the Danish-Norse state and Sweden in the early modern period. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic ascendancy of Sweden and especially Norway during the 19th century (a good comparison to the relative stagnancy in Iceland...). </li></ul>
    11. 11. What we don't... (cont.) <ul><li>The different lot of the Nordic states during and after the Napoleonic wars (Norway passes to Sweden). </li></ul><ul><li>The Nordic countries during WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>The development of the Nordic Welfare State in the 20th century (especially 1945 to the present). </li></ul>
    12. 12. Russia in Icelandic history teaching
    13. 13. Connection points <ul><li>The history of Russia and Iceland is intertwined in some very interesting and important ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icelandic mercenaries in Constantinopel in the Viking era. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the second World War the great convoys headed for the Soviet Union from Iceland with provisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the sixties, seventies and eighties, Iceland and the Soviet Union had major trade agreements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The summit of 1986 in Höfði. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Events taught <ul><li>The beginning of Russia in the viking era. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia during the Muscovites (Ivan the terrible etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>The tsars of the 17th and 18th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Development in the 19th century Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>WWI and the Russian Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The era of Stalin. </li></ul><ul><li>WWII and the Cold war. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbatschov era and the fall of the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Development in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Poland in Icelandic history teaching
    16. 16. Connection points <ul><li>Iceland and Poland got their sovereignty in 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>During the last 10 years a lot of Poles have immigrated to Iceland. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Events of polish history taught in Icelandic Schools <ul><li>Famous persons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nikolaus Copernicus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marie Curie. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partition of Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence of Poland after WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>Poland during the WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Poland during the revolutions in Eastern Europe 1989-1990: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lech Walesa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solidarnosc. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. The Baltic States in Icelandic history teaching <ul><li>Connection points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sovereignty in 1918. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small number of refugees emigrated to Iceland during and after WWII. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iceland was among the first states to accept the independence of the Baltic States in 1991. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Events taught: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Baltic States during and after WWI (independence etc.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The annexation of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The independence of the Baltic States in 1991. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Baltic States as a part of the EU. </li></ul></ul>